Matching Items (42)

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“Natural” Personal Care Product and Cosmetic Marketing: An Ideographic Analysis on Product Marketing

Description

The discussion of the word “natural” in product marketing and its power to persuade consumers is not often discussed. Research on consumer behavior surrounding “natural” products is compelling due to the current lack of research on the topic and true

The discussion of the word “natural” in product marketing and its power to persuade consumers is not often discussed. Research on consumer behavior surrounding “natural” products is compelling due to the current lack of research on the topic and true meaning of the word. Without any legal guidelines for the marketed use of the word “natural” in the sale of personal care products and cosmetics, consumers’ perceptions of the “naturally” marketed items are subjective. Additionally, brands identify with the word “natural” in different ways, using the word as an ideograph to suggest brand enhancing associations to consumers without legally needing to support these associations.

The following thesis is a creative project that looks at all facets of the “natural” personal care product and cosmetics industry. This includes the origin, history of use, regulations, and consumers’ understanding of the word “natural” in marketing, as well as the identity of the word “natural” as an ideograph. In addition, this project illustrates in-depth analyses of the three major consumer segments of this industry. These analyses uncover each consumer type’s perceived connotations of the word “natural” in personal care product and cosmetics and their characteristics and buying behavior. Lastly, this project features a plan for a digital marketing campaign to showcase this research and incite discussion that raises awareness surrounding the word “natural” in the beauty space.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
2020-12

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An Uncertain Future—The Evolution of the Advertising Agency

Description

The advertising agency, in its variety of forms, is one of the most powerful forces in the modern world. Its products are seen globally through various multimedia outlets and they strongly impact culture and economy. Since its conception in 1843

The advertising agency, in its variety of forms, is one of the most powerful forces in the modern world. Its products are seen globally through various multimedia outlets and they strongly impact culture and economy. Since its conception in 1843 by Volney Palmer, the advertising agency has evolved into the recognizable—and unrecognizable—firms scattered around the world today. In the United States alone, there are roughly 13.4 thousand agencies, many of which also have branches in other countries. The evolution of the modern advertising agency coincided with, and even preceded, some of the major inflection points in history. Understanding how and why changes in advertising agencies affected these inflection points provides a glimpse of understanding into the relationship between advertising, business, and societal values.

In the pages ahead we will explore the future of the advertising industry. We will analyze our research to uncover the underlying trends pointing towards what is to come and work to apply those explanations to our understanding of advertising in the future.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2018-05

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Creations by Songbird: An Exploration of Marketing and Selling Handcrafted Home Decor

Description

The goal of this project is to gain market research insight into the handcrafted goods industry and apply this knowledge towards a business plan for a small crafts business: Creations by Songbird. We accomplish this goal by conducting primary and

The goal of this project is to gain market research insight into the handcrafted goods industry and apply this knowledge towards a business plan for a small crafts business: Creations by Songbird. We accomplish this goal by conducting primary and secondary research on the crafts selling industry to see who the target customer is and what their habits are. First, we conduct a literature review looking into the background of some known crafts sales platforms. We discover several consistent trends in product differentiation, retail price calculation, and search engine optimization that we will apply to our business plan. Next, we conduct primary market research in the form of observations, customer and business owner interviews, and surveys. We learn that Instagram is a widely used marketing tool and that Etsy and crafts shows are popular sales channels. Using the results of our research we conclude that the our target customers are women ages 18-24 and 50-59 who attend crafts shows several times per year and occasionally browse Etsy. Many of these women enjoy objects that are vintage style and on average they spend less than $50 per item. Applying the industry and market knowledge gleaned from our research we create a business plan that outlines a price/cost breakdown, marketing plan, and sales plan for Creations by Songbird. We plan to utilize Instagram as our main marketing tool and will sell records via crafts shows and Etsy. Based on our estimates, we conclude that Creations by Songbird will be a profitable business.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2018-05

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Flesh and Bone Cosmetics: A Business Model & Marketing Strategy Addressing the Lack of Diversity in the Makeup Industry

Description

Within the beauty industry, a common issue that exists is the lack of diversity in product colors that suit consumers of darker-skinned ethnicities. Ethnic diversity in makeup products is often difficult to find, particularly in regard to more affordable brands.

Within the beauty industry, a common issue that exists is the lack of diversity in product colors that suit consumers of darker-skinned ethnicities. Ethnic diversity in makeup products is often difficult to find, particularly in regard to more affordable brands. Over the years, the makeup and beauty industry has focused their attention on Caucasian females, thus excluding many other races, ethnicities, skin colors, and even genders. Although the lack of diversity in the cosmetics world is often related to people with darker complexions, this issue can affect any individual of any ethnicity or skin tone. This lack of diversity causes a negative psychological impact on individuals and causes people to experience feelings of frustration, anxiety, and exclusion. The purpose and significance of this research is further outlined in Chapter I. To address this issue, I developed an overarching research question: How might I create a custom makeup product that provides value to my audience? In order to answer this overarching question, I conducted research to answer the following areas: (1) Who is my audience? (2) What are my audience's perceptions and attitudes about makeup? (3) What challenges does my audience face when searching for or purchasing makeup? (4) Why does my audience value my product? and (5) What does my audience believe about my product? These questions allowed me to gather an in-depth understanding of the customer, including their tastes, preferences, needs, values, and demographic characteristics. Chapter II is comprised of the literature search which explores four themes: (1) the changing perception of the makeup industry, (2) diversity in makeup, (3) makeup's psychological impact on individuals, and (4) custom makeup & the market. Chapter III describes the research design and process while Chapter IV presents and analyzes the data and findings. The compiled research informed the business plan and influenced the conception and creation of the brand. Based on my qualitative and quantitative research -- which included a literature search, multiple depth interviews, and a survey -- I created Flesh and Bone Cosmetics. Flesh and Bone Cosmetics is an inclusive custom cosmetics brand that addresses the lack of diversity in the makeup industry by offering Liquid Foundation Drops. This product is a highly pigmented range of tints that recolors and adjusts any existing liquid foundation -- this allows individuals to discover their perfect color match at an affordable price range. Chapter V provides recommendations on forming a business model and marketing strategy for Flesh and Bone Cosmetics.

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Created

Date Created
2018-05

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Perfection’s Reflection: Influencers on Bodybuilder Behavior

Description

Perfection’s Reflection: Influencers on Bodybuilder Behavior is an honors thesis project that provides insight on the impact of influencers and may be a value to those who wish to be influential to competitive bodybuilders. Six current and former competitive bodybuilders

Perfection’s Reflection: Influencers on Bodybuilder Behavior is an honors thesis project that provides insight on the impact of influencers and may be a value to those who wish to be influential to competitive bodybuilders. Six current and former competitive bodybuilders explained the impact of influencers in seven key themes: 1.) Body dissatisfaction, 2.) Inspiration, 3.) Imitation, 4.) Motivation, 5.) Skepticism and distrust, 6.) Information, and 7.) Avoidance. These seven key themes were identified throughout three stages of the bodybuilders’ journeys, “The Beginning,” during their early childhood to high school years, “The Middle,” the start of their bodybuilding careers, and “The End,” the present day. It is concluded that influencers may impact competitive bodybuilders differently based on the stage of their journeys and to be influential, one should provide the ideal impact based on bodybuilders’ stage of their journeys.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2019-05

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The Influence of Logo Design Complexity on Color and Brand Personality

Description

Logos have strong communicative power. Companies dedicate a considerable amount of time and money to designing their logo because logos have the ability to convey important information about their identity. Color also has strong communicative power, especially as found in

Logos have strong communicative power. Companies dedicate a considerable amount of time and money to designing their logo because logos have the ability to convey important information about their identity. Color also has strong communicative power, especially as found in packaging. Therefore, this study examines the relationship between black packaging and logo complexity to test whether logo design can change perceptions of color. The study also analyzes millennialist trends in logo design preferences. I designed and tested two logos to determine how complex logos influence consumer perceptions of brand identity differently than simple logos. Next, I collected responses using a Qualtrics survey. Independent samples t tests revealed that companies who use a complex logo are perceived as more expensive and upper-class. Meanwhile, companies who use simple logos are seen as contemporary and sophisticated. Although the t test results were not statistically significant, the qualitative responses were consistent with the t test findings. Despite the initial hypothesis, millennials showed a greater preference for the complex logo than the simple logo. I also found that incorporating natural elements into the design led participants to perceive the brand as sustainable. Natural elements can often be translated into femininity, as participants expected products packaged with a natural logo to target females. These findings were used to create logo design recommendations for cosmetic companies with lower brand equity.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2019-05

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It’s More Than Music To Us: An Enhanced Approach to Music Festivals

Description

In this world of fading trends, a fear of missing out, and the next best thing, people crave lasting connection and authenticity. Music festivals are multi day musical and social events that have to power to bring people together for

In this world of fading trends, a fear of missing out, and the next best thing, people crave lasting connection and authenticity. Music festivals are multi day musical and social events that have to power to bring people together for a ritualistic experience providing a meaningful awakening for each individual attendee. Peoples identity can be validated in the affirmative social negotiation and a safe environment - just so at a music festival. The ritual that exists at festivals through the actions attendees make all combine into an incomparable experience aiding them in their own personal growth and their connection to others and their surroundings. With the support of survey data on music festivals, the best changes to festival production would be the implementation of more purposeful activities to contribute to the ritual and meaning for attendees, as well as marketing content which showcases the elements of community, art and music, rather than the regular sales pitch. This shift of marketing content would set a positive tone for the given music festival, which is crucial in ensuring attendees arrive with good intentions and have that transformative experience to expand themselves and feel connected.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2019-05

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My Realtor, My Friend: Perceived Value in the Realtor-Client Relationship

Description

The business of residential real estate is booming; over 5 million homes were sold in the United States in 2017 alone, according to the National Association of REALTORS® (“Quick Real Estate Statistics,” 2018). With the recovery of the housing market

The business of residential real estate is booming; over 5 million homes were sold in the United States in 2017 alone, according to the National Association of REALTORS® (“Quick Real Estate Statistics,” 2018). With the recovery of the housing market after the 2008 crash, more home buyers and sellers seek out real estate agents to assist with their transactions. Despite the majority of home buyers and sellers still using agents to conduct transactions, obstacles for fostering positive relationships come in the form of poor agent ethical reputations (Pacelle, 1994), agent empathy (Snyder et al, 2011), and even agent attractiveness (S.P. Salter et al, 2012). These reasons make it all the more critical that agents stand out from competitors, raising the question of how agents can differentiate themselves from other agents. To answer this question, this thesis seeks to discover what clients and agents value the most in their relationship with each other. In this study, three real estate agents and a client or client-couple from each were interviewed about the agent’s personality, brand promise, and actions taken to convey the promise. The most important factors in developing relationships, as well as a theoretical framework for the different relationships that can be formed within the agent-client context, were derived from the interview data collected. Commercial friendship develops from the overlap of all three relationship factors identified in the study, and as previously found, correlates with client loyalty and relationship quality (Lou, Zhou & Zheng, 2011). By shaping service around such factors, agents may be able to form better relationships with their clients. An agent with a stronger relationship with their clients may be more likely to receive referrals, earn customer loyalty, and even capture the attention of a first-time home buyer without the use of referral.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2018-12

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Celebrities vs. Non-Celebrity Influencers: Who Influences Consumers More Effectively?

Description

Companies and brands have long used well-known “celebrities” to promote their products or services - the first instance of a celebrity endorsement dates back to the 1700s. However, there is currently a rise of non-celebrity “influencers” (well-known on social media

Companies and brands have long used well-known “celebrities” to promote their products or services - the first instance of a celebrity endorsement dates back to the 1700s. However, there is currently a rise of non-celebrity “influencers” (well-known on social media but not typical celebrities) emerging in marketing: some companies are starting to allocate more marketing funds to these influencers over celebrities. Why are companies beginning to hire non-celebrity influencers more? When are consumers more likely to be influenced by a celebrity versus a non-celebrity influencer? Does the extent of influence (i.e. credibility) of the two depend on the status/quality of the product that is being promoted? Through a research study conducted at Arizona State University, I explore the forces of taste and product status, how much power celebrities and non-celebrity influencers have over these forces, and when consumers may be more influenced by celebrities versus non-celebrity influencers.

When browsing on social media – particularly Instagram – users will see a slew of well-known celebrities featuring different brands, products, or services in their posts. Celebrity endorsements for advertising “dates back to the 1760s” (Vemuri & Madhav, 2004), so the concept has existed for a few centuries. Today, some examples of celebrity endorsements include LeBron James and Nike; Justin Bieber and Calvin Klein; Sofia Vergara and Head & Shoulders, etc. It has become almost an expectation to see celebrities in most advertisements - it seems as if utilizing exclusively commonplace models in advertising isn’t the standard norm for companies anymore. Commonplace models still have the ability to sell, but celebrities can take that selling ability to another level. As stated in an article published by Forbes, many celebrities have cult followings, so “when famous people are seen in advertisements promoting a new product, audiences are prompted to buy that product, either subliminally or directly” (Olenski 2016). Due to their widespread clout, using celebrities to market products can be quite effective in reaching consumers. For instance, if a consumer is scrolling on social media like Instagram and sees his or her favorite celebrity using a certain brand or product, this may influence that user to begin using that same brand or product as well. A person who likes a celebrity presumably holds a certain level of trust in that celebrity, and trusts his or her judgement when it comes to using a specific product or service. Companies can benefit from investing in celebrities to “[juxtapose] brands and organisations with endorser qualities such as attractiveness, likeability, and trustworthiness... they trust that these qualities will generate desirable campaign outcomes” (Vemuri & Madhav, 2004). Essentially, consumers will associate products with likable celebrities, and therein purchase them.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2019-05

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Marketing the America's Cup in the United States: Windfall Opportunities for Growth

Description

The America's Cup is the preeminent international sailing competition. Since the cup was first awarded to the United States in 1851 for winning a race around the Isle of Wight in England, it has been up for perpetual international competition.

The America's Cup is the preeminent international sailing competition. Since the cup was first awarded to the United States in 1851 for winning a race around the Isle of Wight in England, it has been up for perpetual international competition. The purpose of this project is to assess the marketing strategies implemented for the 35th America's Cup which took place in Bermuda in June of 2017. Through qualitative and quantitative research I discovered the strengths and weaknesses of the current marketing strategies in addition to identifying opportunities for future Cups. While attending the 35th America's Cup in Bermuda I was able to conduct long interviews with several c-level executives of the America's Cup Event Authority as well as conduct a survey with attendees of the Cup. Analysis of this data allowed me to determine effective consumer awareness practices, ideal consumer involvement techniques, experience design, optimal marketing tactics, and strategic branding. I was also able to identify critical goals that the current Event Authority Management have set that embody their vision for future America's Cups. The ultimate objective of this research is to propose marketing strategies that will expand the influence of the America's Cup and transform it into an iconic and widely known sporting event in the United States. In previous years there has been very limited marketing invested in building awareness for the America's Cup so I plan to identify components that have brought them success in the past and then recommend new strategies and tactics that will successfully build awareness and increase viewership. These elements will then be able to be integrated into a marketing strategy and experience model for future America's Cups.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2018-05