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Tunneling Time in Quantum Mechanics

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The longstanding issue of how much time it takes a particle to tunnel through quantum barriers is discussed; in particular, the phenomenon known as the Hartman effect is reviewed. A

The longstanding issue of how much time it takes a particle to tunnel through quantum barriers is discussed; in particular, the phenomenon known as the Hartman effect is reviewed. A calculation of the dwell time for two successive rectangular barriers in the opaque limit is given and the result depends on the barrier widths and hence does not lead to superluminal tunneling or the Hartman effect.

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Date Created
  • 2009-05

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Molecular beam epitaxial growth of high-reflectivity and broad-bandwidth ZnTe/GaSb distributed Bragg reflectors

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This paper reports the molecular beam epitaxial growth and characterization of high-reflectivity and broad-bandwidth distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) made of ZnTe/GaSb quarter-wavelength (lambda/4) layers for optoelectronic applications in the midwave

This paper reports the molecular beam epitaxial growth and characterization of high-reflectivity and broad-bandwidth distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) made of ZnTe/GaSb quarter-wavelength (lambda/4) layers for optoelectronic applications in the midwave infrared spectral range (2-5 mu m). A series of ZnTe/GaSb DBRs has been successfully grown on GaSb (001) substrates using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). During the MBE growth, a temperature ramp was applied to the initial growth of GaSb layers on ZnTe to protect the ZnTe underneath from damage due to thermal evaporation. Post-growth characterization using high-resolution x-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy reveals smooth surface morphology, low defect density, and coherent interfaces. Reflectance spectroscopy results show that a DBR sample of seven lambda/4 pairs has a peak reflectance as high as 99.0% centered at 2.56 mu m with a bandwidth of 517 nm.

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Date Created
  • 2013-10-28