Matching Items (11)

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A Child's Ability to Learn Emotion Understanding and Coping Strategies

Description

Self-regulation in the form of coping with emotions is something that most people have effectively adapted to by adulthood. This is an organically learned process that begins in early childhood

Self-regulation in the form of coping with emotions is something that most people have effectively adapted to by adulthood. This is an organically learned process that begins in early childhood through play, parenting, education, and peer interactions. This study examines whether six children aged 4-5 (M age= 4.72, SD= 0.372, 50% female, 100% Caucasian) are able to understand basic emotions and how to cope with them through one of two protocols. The conditions were either directive instruction or embodied cognition, and children were evaluated with a pre and post-test measure. Findings did not indicate any significant effect of the conditions on memorizing coping mechanisms, nor did it indicate that there was a significant improvement in emotion understanding following the sessions. These findings were limited by the sample size and participant interest.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-12

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Testing Rational Choice Theory through Arizona's "Move Over Law"

Description

States nationwide have implemented "Move Over Laws" to try and increase roadway safety, yet even with these laws, hundreds of people are killed each year while working in and roadways.

States nationwide have implemented "Move Over Laws" to try and increase roadway safety, yet even with these laws, hundreds of people are killed each year while working in and roadways. In Arizona, the "Move Over Law" requires drivers approaching a stopped vehicle displaying flashing lights to "move over" or "slow down." However, not everyone complies with this enacted law, and the purpose of this study is to observe how approaching drivers behave when presented with various scenarios. Scenarios involved the use of different police car types (marked or unmarked), light displays (no lights, hazards, or emergency lights), and the advertisement of Arizona's "Move Over Law" (signboard or no signboard). Associated risk varied with each scenario, and according to rational choice theory, a driver's behavior should minimize risks and maximize benefits. Under the hypothesis that police presence impacts driving behavior, the expectation was that driver compliance through "moving over" and/or slowing down would be highest when a marked police car or emergency lights were used. Also hypothesized was that awareness impacts compliance with the thought that increasing awareness by using a signboard would increase "move over" percentages and decrease speeds. From the test site along State Highway 260 in Payson, Arizona, the results indicate that car type and light display impact driving behavior. The use of the marked car or emergency lights generally had higher adjusted compliance, higher "move over" percentages, and lower speeds than when the unmarked car or no lights were tested. Looking at how awareness influences behavior, the use of the signboard had a greater impact when the unmarked car was used as opposed to the marked car. Based on the results, both hypotheses were supported.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

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The Influence of Living Arrangements on Couple's Conflict Topics: A Daily Diary Study of Young Adult Couples

Description

My thesis examined differences in areas of relationship conflict among various living arrangements of couples. I analyzed 249 phone call interviews from 54 couples that resided in the greater Phoenix

My thesis examined differences in areas of relationship conflict among various living arrangements of couples. I analyzed 249 phone call interviews from 54 couples that resided in the greater Phoenix metropolitan area, had been in a relationship for at least six months, and were at least 21 years of age. By using a qualitative analysis, I analyzed differences in frequently mentioned areas of conflict (i.e. power, social issues, personal flaws, distrust, intimacy, personal distance) between romantic couples in three common couple living arrangements (i.e. non-cohabiting, cohabiting, and married). Findings showed certain areas of conflict were prevalent among all living arrangements, namely power and personal flaws. There were some differences between each living arrangement group: The non-cohabiting group was the only one to report distrust as a top area of conflict, and the cohabiting group reported more frequent incidents of conflict involving personal flaws than the married group. The married group identified social issues as a more prevalent area of conflict than the other groups. Differences in prevalent areas of conflict were examined in relation to varying levels of personal, structural and moral commitment that occur throughout the identified living arrangements.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

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The Theory of Diffusion of Responsibility and Social Factors Affecting Helping Behavior

Description

The theory of diffusion of responsibility has for years sparked social and psychological scientists' interest. Interest in why it occurs and in what contexts, have sparked a great deal of

The theory of diffusion of responsibility has for years sparked social and psychological scientists' interest. Interest in why it occurs and in what contexts, have sparked a great deal of investigation over a broad range of assumptions. Various researchers support ideas behind gender differences, racial disparities, internal ideation of bystanders, and settings among which helping behavior is more or less likely to occur. Strong correlation between variables has shed light on this phenomenon, offering significant support behind it. The significance of this phenomenon is evident in that life and death could potentially be of consequence; therefore, one would believe that awareness about the theory of diffusion of responsibility is crucial to investigation.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2012-05

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Formulation of Logic Model & Evaluation Plan for CPLC Insurance Program: A Collaboration Between Chicanos Por La Causa and the C.A.R.E. Program at the T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University

Description

There is a widespread inequality in health care access and insured rates suffered by the Latino, Spanish-speaking population in Arizona, resulting in poor health measures and economic burden. The passage

There is a widespread inequality in health care access and insured rates suffered by the Latino, Spanish-speaking population in Arizona, resulting in poor health measures and economic burden. The passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 provided mechanisms to alleviate this disparity, however, many Latino communities lack accessible information and means to gain access to health insurance enrollment. Chicanos Por La Causa (CPLC) is a community based organizing that provides many services to low-income communities across Arizona, one of which is the CPLC Insurance Program. In collaboration with the Community Action Research Experiences (CARE) at Arizona State University, the program was studied to help address the need of a LOGIC model and evaluation plan to determine its effectiveness. Interviews with three executives within CPLC were conducted in conjunction with a literature review to determine the inputs, strategies, outputs, and outcomes of the LOGIC model that drive CPLC Insurance's mission. Evaluation measures were then created to provide the necessary quantitative data that can best show to what degree the program is achieving its goals. Specifically, the results indicated the key outcomes that drive the LOGIC model, and an evaluation plan designed to provide indicators of these outcomes was produced. The implications of this study are that the suggested data collection can verify how effectively the program's actions are creating positive change, as well as show where further improvements may be necessary to maximize effectiveness.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Love Your Body [A Non-Profit Prevention Approach to Eating Disorders]

Description

Based on previous research and findings it is proven that a non-profit class to create awareness will be beneficial in the prevention of eating disorders. This analysis will provide significant research to defend the proposed class.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2012-12

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Freud, Friend or Foe: An Insight Into What the Teachings of Sigmund Freud Mean in a Modern World

Description

Dr. Sigmund Freud has managed to become one of the most controversial and paradoxical figures in the universe of academia. This paper was written as an evaluation of Freud, as

Dr. Sigmund Freud has managed to become one of the most controversial and paradoxical figures in the universe of academia. This paper was written as an evaluation of Freud, as a man and a scientist, in an attempt to decide if his work is suitable for the modern classroom. This essay will question Freud's methods of validity and ethics in his theories and case studies. The theories discussed will include beginning treatment, dream interpretation, and instinct theory. The case studies will include The History if Infantile Neurosis and An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria. The topic of Freud’s validity was not easily determined. Nuanced work with the unconscious may not always demand empirical evidence to support it and many scholars hold conflicting beliefs on this area of Freud’s work. While Freud’s ethics, against modern standards, do not hold up to any APA ethical guidelines that now exist.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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The Implications of the 2008 Recession on Birthrates in Arizona

Description

With aggregate background knowledge and best methodology practices from the literature review, this exploratory study seeks to further gather and advance knowledge on the subject of birthrate trends with respect

With aggregate background knowledge and best methodology practices from the literature review, this exploratory study seeks to further gather and advance knowledge on the subject of birthrate trends with respect to the economic conditions affecting the decisions to reproduce. The scope of the study particularly investigates the possible effects of the 2008 downturn of the economy and the concurring home mortgage crisis on birthrates in Arizona.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2013-05

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Why Women of Faith Tend to Stay in Abusive Relationships

Description

Women often feel lost within their church community and are overlooking their own health to blend in with conceptions of a perfect marriage that are brought on through stereotypes. Women

Women often feel lost within their church community and are overlooking their own health to blend in with conceptions of a perfect marriage that are brought on through stereotypes. Women of abuse are believing, even if it's a matter of their personal health, they are not allowed to separate from their husband sin-free. This concept holds many spiritual women from taking a crucial step from leaving a dangerous situation. Finally, gender roles and the concept of male power is granting abusive men the chance to control the lives and beliefs of their wives with little fight from religious leaders. In order to help Christian women fighting a losing battle against rough husbands, changes need to be made. The education of the clergy and faith communities that may be the first step for many women reaching out for help is vital. First, sermons and lectures need to change to place an emphasis on the equality that is preached throughout the Bible. Second, a solution, such as annulment for abusive marriages, needs to be accepted by the Christian church in order to free women of their vows. At last, a wider knowledge of how common this unfortunate scenario is needs to be expressed throughout the Christian Community. Too many women believe that they are alone, and this is causing them to create unrealistic stereotypes about marriage. By addressing these major issues found throughout the Christian faith there is a better chance that women will start to speak up and find the courage to get out.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Factors Affecting Brand Loyalty and Consumer Purchasing Decisions: A Study of the Starbucks Experience

Description

Creating a strong brand enables companies to create a loyal customer base that leads to success and profitability. Companies can acquire this success through the right mix of marketing techniques

Creating a strong brand enables companies to create a loyal customer base that leads to success and profitability. Companies can acquire this success through the right mix of marketing techniques and company strategies that consumers see as important. They may need to think outside of traditional marketing and focus on how they can create a unique experience that their customer will enjoy and only be able to receive from that specific company. The Starbucks Corporation has been able to create this experience that has created an astonishing customer base and loyalty to their brand. Through the initial research of various marketing and sociological perspectives, an experiment was created that could measure whether consumer loyalty was the driving force behind consumer purchases. In order to measure this, it is necessary to distinguish between a desire for the products and a loyalty to the brand.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05