Matching Items (138)

136901-Thumbnail Image.png

Developing a Broadband Amplifier for Analysis of DNA Structural and Molecular Characteristics

Description

The recent emergence of DNA-based diagnostics increases the demand for rapid DNA sequencing technologies. One method to achieve this is to pass DNA through a nanopore, recording the trans-membrane current

The recent emergence of DNA-based diagnostics increases the demand for rapid DNA sequencing technologies. One method to achieve this is to pass DNA through a nanopore, recording the trans-membrane current with a low-noise current amplifier. The project outlined in this report aims to demonstrate a design of a custom amplifier that offers a wider bandwidth than current designs while maintaining a low signal to noise ratio. The novel amplifier has been designed such that a multi-stage RF signal chain is integrated with an existing amplifier circuit to achieve DNA translocation. Both the existing amplifier circuit and the RF signal chain have produced outputs showing that the two amplifiers are functional and both low frequency signals and high frequency signals can be amplified with this comprehensive circuit design.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

137020-Thumbnail Image.png

Phase Recovery and Unimodular Waveform Design

Description

In many systems, it is difficult or impossible to measure the phase of a signal. Direct recovery from magnitude is an ill-posed problem. Nevertheless, with a sufficiently large set of

In many systems, it is difficult or impossible to measure the phase of a signal. Direct recovery from magnitude is an ill-posed problem. Nevertheless, with a sufficiently large set of magnitude measurements, it is often possible to reconstruct the original signal using algorithms that implicitly impose regularization conditions on this ill-posed problem. Two such algorithms were examined: alternating projections, utilizing iterative Fourier transforms with manipulations performed in each domain on every iteration, and phase lifting, converting the problem to that of trace minimization, allowing for the use of convex optimization algorithms to perform the signal recovery. These recovery algorithms were compared on a basis of robustness as a function of signal-to-noise ratio. A second problem examined was that of unimodular polyphase radar waveform design. Under a finite signal energy constraint, the maximal energy return of a scene operator is obtained by transmitting the eigenvector of the scene Gramian associated with the largest eigenvalue. It is shown that if instead the problem is considered under a power constraint, a unimodular signal can be constructed starting from such an eigenvector that will have a greater return.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

137081-Thumbnail Image.png

Passive Radar Signal Generation and Scenario Simulation

Description

Passive radar can be used to reduce the demand for radio frequency spectrum bandwidth. This paper will explain how a MATLAB simulation tool was developed to analyze the feasibility of

Passive radar can be used to reduce the demand for radio frequency spectrum bandwidth. This paper will explain how a MATLAB simulation tool was developed to analyze the feasibility of using passive radar with digitally modulated communication signals. The first stage of the simulation creates a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) signal, quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) signal, or digital terrestrial television (DTTV) signal. A scenario is then created using user defined parameters that simulates reception of the original signal on two different channels, a reference channel and a surveillance channel. The signal on the surveillance channel is delayed and Doppler shifted according to a point target scattering profile. An ambiguity function detector is implemented to identify the time delays and Doppler shifts associated with reflections off of the targets created. The results of an example are included in this report to demonstrate the simulation capabilities.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

137247-Thumbnail Image.png

Ultra High Strain Sensing using an Optical Scanning Methodology

Description

A novel strain sensing procedure using an optical scanning methodology and diffraction grating is explored. The motivation behind this study is due to uneven thermal strain distribution across semiconductor chips

A novel strain sensing procedure using an optical scanning methodology and diffraction grating is explored. The motivation behind this study is due to uneven thermal strain distribution across semiconductor chips that are composed of varying materials. Due to the unique properties of the materials and the different coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE), one can expect the material that experiences the highest strain to be the most likely failure point of the chip. As such, there is a need for a strain sensing technique that offers a very high strain sensitivity, a high spatial resolution while simultaneously achieving a large field of view. This study goes through the optical setup as well as the evolution of the optical grating in an effort to improve the strain sensitivity of this setup.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

136937-Thumbnail Image.png

Lightning Audio Plasma Arc Speakers: Transformer Operation

Description

Lighting Audio is a team of senior electrical engineering students at the Arizona State University mentored by Director Emeritus Professor Ronald Roedel and 2nd Committee Member George Karady attempting to

Lighting Audio is a team of senior electrical engineering students at the Arizona State University mentored by Director Emeritus Professor Ronald Roedel and 2nd Committee Member George Karady attempting to prove the feasibility of a consumer grade plasma arc speaker. The plasma arc speaker is a project that explores the use of high voltage arcs to produce audible sound amplification. The goal of the project is to prove feasibility that a consumer grade plasma arc speaker could exist in the marketplace. The inherent challenge was producing audio amplification that could compete with current loudspeakers all while ensuring user safety from the hazards of high voltage and current shock, electromagnetic damage, and ozone from the plasma arc. The project has thus far covered the process of design conception to realization of a prototype device. The operation of the plasma arc speaker is based on the high voltage plasma arc created between two electrodes. The plasma arc rapidly heats and cools the surrounding air creating changes in air pressure which vibrate the air. These pockets of pressurized air are heard as sound. The circuit incorporates a flyback transformer responsible for creating the high voltage necessary for arcing.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

136804-Thumbnail Image.png

Investigation of User Interface Theory

Description

The quality of user interface designs largely depends on the aptitude of the designer. The ability to generate mental abstract models and characterize a target user audience helps greatly when

The quality of user interface designs largely depends on the aptitude of the designer. The ability to generate mental abstract models and characterize a target user audience helps greatly when conceiving a design. The dry cleaning point-of-sale industry lacks quality user interface designs. These impaired interfaces were compared with textbook design techniques to discover how applicable published interface design concepts are in practice. Four variations of a software package were deployed to end users. Each variation contained different design techniques. Surveyed users responded positively to interface design practices that were consistent and easy to learn. This followed textbook expectations. Users however responded poorly to customization options, an important feature according to textbook material. The study made conservative changes to the four interface variations provided to end-users. A more liberal approach may have yielded additional results.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

136850-Thumbnail Image.png

Development of a Head's Up Display (HU)

Description

Head's up displays (HUD) are now emerging into the technological market that is used in various functionalities, but most of all, they are expensive. An alternative method to find cheaper

Head's up displays (HUD) are now emerging into the technological market that is used in various functionalities, but most of all, they are expensive. An alternative method to find cheaper ways to develop a head's up display is researched and implemented. The HUD is equipped with a processor and projector. Both of these hardware components encompasses most part of the HUD along with some manipulation of the material that the image is projected on. In this study, the software and the optics of the HUD will be explored and lastly, taking into full consideration on the future work that can be done to make improvements on the HUD.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

136974-Thumbnail Image.png

Lightning Audio: Plasma Arc Speaker Technology and Marketability

Description

The Lightning Audio capstone group, consisting of Brian Boerhinger, Rahul Nandan, Jaime Ramirez, and Niccolo Magnotto (myself), united in the effort to prove the feasibility of a consumer grade plasma

The Lightning Audio capstone group, consisting of Brian Boerhinger, Rahul Nandan, Jaime Ramirez, and Niccolo Magnotto (myself), united in the effort to prove the feasibility of a consumer grade plasma arc speaker. This was achieved in group's prototype design, which demonstrates the potential for a refined product in its conventional interfacing, casing, size, safety, and aesthetics. If the potential for an excellent ionization-based loudspeaker product were realized, it would be highly profitable in its reasonable cost of production, novelty, and place in a large and fitting market.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-05

136707-Thumbnail Image.png

Betavoltaic Powered Implantable Pacemakers

Description

Pacemakers in the early 1970s were powered by betavoltaic devices which provided long lasting battery life. The betavoltaic devices also emitted gamma radiation due to inadvertent radioisotope contamination, which could

Pacemakers in the early 1970s were powered by betavoltaic devices which provided long lasting battery life. The betavoltaic devices also emitted gamma radiation due to inadvertent radioisotope contamination, which could not be completely shielded. The betavoltaic devices were quickly replaced by lithium batteries after their invention, and betavoltaics were abandoned. Modern technological advancements made it possible to isolate beta emitting radioisotopes properly and achieve better energy conversion efficiencies which revived the topic of betavoltaics. This research project has studied state-of-the-art pacemakers and modern radioactive power sources in order to determine if modern pacemakers can be safely nuclear powered and if that is a reasonable combination.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-12

136726-Thumbnail Image.png

Electric Field Sensing of High Voltage Transmission Lines in Rural Areas

Description

This is a project to create an electric field sensing system which is fully portable. This system should provide accurate electric field readings from transmission lines allowing abstraction to find the voltage on the transmission line.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014-12