Matching Items (3)

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Economic Resilience and Crowdsourcing Platforms

Description

The increased interdependence and complexity of modern societies have increased the need to involve all members of a community into solving problems. In times of great uncertainty, when communities face

The increased interdependence and complexity of modern societies have increased the need to involve all members of a community into solving problems. In times of great uncertainty, when communities face threats of different kinds and magnitudes, the traditional top-down approach where government provides solely for community wellbeing is no longer plausible. Crowdsourcing has emerged as an effective means of empowering communities with the potential to engage individuals in innovation, self-organization activities, informal learning, mutual support, and political action that can all lead to resilience. However, there remains limited resource on the topic. In this paper, we outline the various forms of crowdsourcing, economic and community resilience, crowdsourcing and economic resilience, and a case study of the Nepal earthquake. his article presents an exploratory perspective on the link can be found between crowdsourcing and economic resilience. It introduces and describes a framework that can be used to study the impact of crowdsourcing initiatives for economic resilience by future research. An initial a set of indicators to be used to measure the change in the level of resilience is presented.

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Date Created
  • 2015-09

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Social Impact Bonds to Address Phoenix Homelessness

Description

Social impact bonds (SIBs) are a multi-year contract between social service providers, the government, and private investors. The three parties agree on a specific outcome for a societal issue. Investors

Social impact bonds (SIBs) are a multi-year contract between social service providers, the government, and private investors. The three parties agree on a specific outcome for a societal issue. Investors provide capital required for the service provider to operate the project. The service provider then delivers the service to the target population. The success of the project is evaluated by outside party. If the target outcome is met, the government repays the investors at a premium. Nonprofit service providers can only serve a small community as they lack the funding to scale their programs and their reliance on government funding and philanthropy leads to a lot of time focused on raising money in the short-term and inhibits them from evolving their programs and projects for long-term strategic success. Government budgets decline but social problems persist. These contracts share risk between the government and the investors and allow governments to test out programs and alleviate taxpayer burdens from unsuccessful social service programs. Arizona has a severe homelessness problem. Nightly, 6000 people are homeless in Maricopa County. In a given year, over 32,000 individuals were homeless, composed of single adults, families, children, and veterans. Homelessness is not only a debilitating and difficult experience for those who experience it, but also has considerable economic costs on society. Homeless individuals use a number of government programs beyond emergency shelters, and these can cost taxpayers billions of dollars per year. Rapid rehousing was a successful intervention model that the state has been heavily investing in the last few years. This thesis aimed to survey the Arizona climate and determine what barriers were present for enacting an SIB for homelessness. The findings showed that although there are many competent stakeholder groups, lack of interest and overall knowledge of SIBs prevented groups from taking responsibility as the anchor for such a project. Additionally, the government and nonprofits had good partnerships, but lacked relationships with the business community and investors that could propel an SIB. Finally, although rapid rehousing can be used as a successful intervention model, there are not enough years of proven success to justify the spending on an SIB. Additionally, data collection for homelessness programming needs to be standardized between all relevant partners. The framework for an SIB exists in Arizona, but needs a few more years of development before it can be considered.

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Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Confronting College Sexual Misconduct through the Implementation of New Prevention Policies

Description

As of late, many universities and colleges have been attempting to change their policies that surround campus sexual assault in order to maintain their compliance as an educational institution by

As of late, many universities and colleges have been attempting to change their policies that surround campus sexual assault in order to maintain their compliance as an educational institution by the Department of Education Title IX, Clery Act, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and locally, by the Arizona Board of Regents (ABOR). Currently, statistics show that 1 in 5 women will be sexually assaulted during her college career. Educational institutions are becoming overwhelmed by law suits and other remedies in order to satisfy complaints of campus sexual assault. To understand the current mood of students at Arizona State University (ASU) on the topic of campus sexual assault, the present study examined the current knowledge of students regarding resources at ASU, as well as their potential commitment to participate in new policies at ASU. The sample (N=238) consisted of 20.2% male and 79.8% female of varying years of study from undergraduate to masters who overwhelming agreed that they would adhere to the three (3) recommendations of policy change at ASU in order to educate students on the dangers of campus sexual assault. Survey evaluations are discussed to show support for the recommended policies. Keywords: campus sexual assault, rape myth acceptance, policy implementation, recommendations

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Date Created
  • 2015-05