Matching Items (66)

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The Benefits and Application of Statistical Process Control in a Manufacturing Environment

Description

Statistical process control (SPC) is an important quality application that is used throughout industry and is composed of control charts. Most often, it is applied in the final stages of

Statistical process control (SPC) is an important quality application that is used throughout industry and is composed of control charts. Most often, it is applied in the final stages of product manufacturing. However it would be beneficial to apply SPC throughout all stages of the manufacturing process such as the beginning stages. This report explores the fundamentals of SPC, applicable programs, important aspects of implementation, and specific examples of where SPC was beneficial. Important programs for SPC are general statistical software such as JMP and Minitab, and some programs are made specifically for SPC such as SPACE: statistical process and control environment. Advanced programs like SPACE are beneficial because they can easily assist with creating control charts and setting up rules, alarms and notifications, and reaction mechanisms. After the charts are set up it is important to apply rules to the charts to see when a system is running off target which indicates the need to troubleshoot and investigate. This makes the notification part an integral aspect as well because attention and awareness must be brought to out of control situations. The next important aspect is ensuring there is a reaction mechanism or plan on what to do in the event of an out of control situation and what to do to get the system running back on target. Setting up an SPC system takes time and practice and requires a lot of collaboration with experts who know more about the system or the quality side. Some of the more difficult parts of implementation is getting everyone on board and creating trainings and getting the appropriate personnel trained.

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Date Created
  • 2016-12

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Pyrrole-based poly(ionic liquids) as efficient stabilizers for formation of hollow MWCNT particles

Description

Poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) with an intrinsically conducting pyrrole polymer (ICP) backbone were synthesized and utilized as novel dispersants of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in various polar and nonpolar solvents. This is

Poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) with an intrinsically conducting pyrrole polymer (ICP) backbone were synthesized and utilized as novel dispersants of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in various polar and nonpolar solvents. This is due to their highly tunable nature, in which the anions can be easily exchanged to form PILs of varying polarity but with the same polycation. These CNT dispersions were exceedingly stable over many months, and with the addition of hexane, Pickering emulsions with the PIL-stabilized CNTs at the droplet interfaces were formed. Depending on the hydrophobicity of the PIL, hexane-in-water and hexane-in-acetonitrile emulsions were formed, the latter marking the first non-aqueous stabilized-CNT emulsions and corresponding CNT-in-acetonitrile dispersion, further advancing the processability of CNTs. The PIL-stabilized CNT Pickering emulsion droplets generated hollow conductive particles by subsequent drying of the emulsions. With the emulsion templating, the hollow shells can be used as a payload carrier, depending on the solubility of the payload in the droplet phase of the emulsion. This was demonstrated with silicon nanoparticles, which have limited solubility in aqueous environments, but great scientific interest due to their potential electrochemical applications. Overall, this work explored a new class of efficient PIL-ICP hybrid stabilizers with tunable hydrophobicity, offering extended stability of carbon nanotube dispersions with novel applications in hollow particle formation via Pickering emulsion templating and in placing payloads into the shells.

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Date Created
  • 2015-12

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Rescaled Coarse-Grained Potentials for Maximum Timestep in Simulation of Polyethylene

Description

In order to better understand the physical properties of polyethylene, an extremely common plastic used mostly in packaging, many scientists and engineers use olecular dynamics. To reduce the computational expense

In order to better understand the physical properties of polyethylene, an extremely common plastic used mostly in packaging, many scientists and engineers use olecular dynamics. To reduce the computational expense associated with traditional atomistic molecular dynamics, coarse-grained molecular dynamics is often used. Coarse-grained molecular dynamics groups multiple atoms into single beads, reducing the number of degrees of freedom in a system and eliminating smaller atoms with faster kinematics. However, even coarse-grained methods have their limitations, one of which is timestep duration, which is limited by the maximum vibrational frequency in the coarse-grained system. To study this limitation, a coarse-grained model of polyethylene was created such that every C 2 H 4 unit was replaced with a bead. Coarse-grained potentials for bond-stretching, bond-bending, and non-bonded interaction were generated using the iterative Boltzmann inversion method, which matches coarse-grained distribution functions to atomistic distribution functions. After the creation of the model, the coarse-grained potentials were rescaled by a constant so that they were less stiff, decreasing the maximum vibrational frequency of the system. It is found that by diminishing the bond-stretching potential to 6.25% of its original value, the maximum stable timestep can be increased 85% over that of the unmodified potential functions. The results of this work suggest that it may be possible to simulate lengthy processes, such as the crystallization of polyethylene, in less time with adjusted coarse-grained potentials. Additionally, the large discrepancies in the speed of bond-stretching, bond-bending, and non- bonded interaction dynamics suggest that a multi-timestep method may be worth investigating in future work.

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Date Created
  • 2015-12

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Dimeric anthracene-based mechanophore particles for damage precursor detection in reinforced epoxy matrix composites

Description

The problem of catastrophic damage purveys in any material application, and minimizing its occurrence is paramount for general health and safety. We have successfully synthesized, characterized, and applied dimeric 9-anthracene

The problem of catastrophic damage purveys in any material application, and minimizing its occurrence is paramount for general health and safety. We have successfully synthesized, characterized, and applied dimeric 9-anthracene carboxylic acid (Di-AC)-based mechanophores particles to form stress sensing epoxy matrix composites. As Di-AC had never been previously applied as a mechanophore and thermosets are rarely studied in mechanochemistry, this created an alternative avenue for study in the field. Under an applied stress, the cyclooctane-rings in the Di-AC particles reverted back to their fluorescent anthracene form, which linearly enhanced the overall fluorescence of the composite in response to the applied strain. The fluorescent signal further allowed for stress sensing in the elastic region of the stress\u2014strain curve, which is considered to be a form of damage precursor detection. Overall, the incorporation of Di-AC to the epoxy matrix added much desired stress sensing and damage precursor detection capabilities with good retention of the material properties.

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Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Computational Study of Ionic Liquids for Low Temperature MET Sensors

Description

Ionic liquids are salts with low melting temperatures that maintain their liquid form below 100 °C, or even at ambient temperature. Ionic liquids are conductive, electrochemically stable, non-volatile, and have

Ionic liquids are salts with low melting temperatures that maintain their liquid form below 100 °C, or even at ambient temperature. Ionic liquids are conductive, electrochemically stable, non-volatile, and have a low vapor pressure, making them a class of excellent candidate materials for electrolytes in energy storage, electrodeposition, batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors. Due to their multiple advantages, the use of ionic liquids on Earth has been widely studied; however, further research must be done before their implementation in space. The extreme temperatures encountered during space travel and extra-terrestrial deployment have the potential to greatly affect the liquid electrolyte system. Examples of low temperature planetary bodies are the permanently shadowed sections of the moon or icy surfaces of Jupiter’s moons. Recent studies have explored the limits of glass transition temperatures for ionic liquid systems. The project is centered around the development of an ionic liquid system for a molecular electronic transducer seismometer that would be deployed on the low temperature system of Europa. For this project, molecular dynamics simulations used input intermolecular and intramolecular parameters that then simulated molecular interactions. Molecular dynamics simulations are based around the statistical mechanics of chemistry and help calculate equilibrium properties that are not easily calculated by hand. These simulations will give insight into what interactions are significant inside a ionic liquid solution. The simulations aim to create an understanding how ionic liquid electrolyte systems function at a molecular level. With this knowledge one can tune their system and its contents to adapt the systems properties to fit all environments the seismometers will experience.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Optimizing of Responsiveness and Strength of ""Smart"" Polymers for Use in Dynamic Tactile Displays for the Visually Impaired

Description

This thesis investigates an interpenetrating network of polyacrylamide and poly acrylic acid for use in a dynamic tactile display, which presents traditionally two-dimensional electronic screens as three-dimensional topographical models that

This thesis investigates an interpenetrating network of polyacrylamide and poly acrylic acid for use in a dynamic tactile display, which presents traditionally two-dimensional electronic screens as three-dimensional topographical models that can be experienced through touch. This kind of display would allow for greater access to traditionally visual information for the visually impaired. This hydrogel demonstrates Upper Critical Solution Temperature (UCST) near room temperature which facilitates a swelling transition, characterized by a sharp increase in swelling as this temperature is surpassed. Through the utilization of light responsive additives, light can trigger this shift, as the additives harness visible light, convert it into heat to raise the gel’s temperature, and increase the volume of the gel. Light-responsive additives explored include chlorophyllin, gold nanoparticles, and carbon black. Each of these additives required unique synthesis planning and strategies in order to optimize the performance of the gels. Synthesized gels were characterized using thermal swelling tests, light response tests and compression tests to determine the material strength. The best performing additive was chlorophyllin and allowed for a 20.8%±4.5% percent weight increase upon exposure to light for 10 minutes. In addition to investigating light-responsive additives, modifications were pursued to alter the overall UCST behavior, such as the addition of sodium chloride. By adding sodium chloride into the hydrogel, the gel was found to have a wider transition. Overall, light-responsive behavior was developed, and further work can be done in improving the response time and degree of swelling in order to make this material more viable for use in a dynamic tactile display.

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Date Created
  • 2018-12

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Healing Mechanophore-Incorporated Epoxy Through UV Dimerization

Description

This study aims to determine the feasibility of producing mechanophore-incorporated epoxy that can be healed. This was accomplished by grafting a synthesized mechanophore into tris(2-aminoethyl)amine to create a new epoxy

This study aims to determine the feasibility of producing mechanophore-incorporated epoxy that can be healed. This was accomplished by grafting a synthesized mechanophore into tris(2-aminoethyl)amine to create a new epoxy hardener. Then this branched hardener was combined with a second hardener, diethylenetriamine (DETA). A proper ratio of the branched hardener to the DETA will ensure that the created epoxy will retain the force responsive characteristics without a noticeable decline in both the physical and thermal properties. Furthermore, it was desired that the natural structure of the epoxy would be left in place, and there would only be enough branched hardener present to elicit a force response and provide the possibility for healing. The two hardeners would then be added to Diglycidyl Ether of Bisphenol F (DGEBPF), which is the epoxy resin. The mechanophore-incorporated epoxy was compared to a standard epoxy—just DETA and DGEBPF—and it was determined that the incorporation of the mechanophore led to an 8.2 degrees Celsius increase in glass transition temperature, and a 33.0% increase in cross link density. This justified the mechanophore-incorporated epoxy as a feasible alternative to the standard, as its primary thermal and physical properties were not only equal, but superior. Then samples of the mechanophore-incorporated epoxy were damaged with a 3% tensile strain. This would cause a cycloreversion in the central cyclobutane inside of the mechanophore. Then they were healed with UV light, which would redimerize the severed hardener moieties. The healed samples saw a 4.69% increase in cross-link density, demonstrating that healing was occurring.

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Date Created
  • 2018-12

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Nanomaterials for Thermally Safe Lithium-Ion Batteries

Description

The two central goals of this project were 1) to develop a testing method utilizing coatings on ultra-thin stainless steel to measure the thermal conductivity (k) of battery electrode materials

The two central goals of this project were 1) to develop a testing method utilizing coatings on ultra-thin stainless steel to measure the thermal conductivity (k) of battery electrode materials and composites, and 2) to measure and compare the thermal conductivities of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4, "LFP") in industry-standard graphite/LFP mixtures as well as graphene/LFP mixtures and a synthesized graphene/LFP nanocomposite. Graphene synthesis was attempted before purchasing graphene materials, and further exploration of graphene synthesis is recommended due to limitations in purchased product quality. While it was determined after extensive experimentation that the graphene/LFP nanocomposite could not be successfully synthesized according to current literature information, a mixed composite of graphene/LFP was successfully tested and found to have k = 0.23 W/m*K. This result provides a starting point for further thermal testing method development and k optimization in Li-ion battery electrode nanocomposites.

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Date Created
  • 2014-05

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Characterizing the Effects of Various Acids on Zeolites

Description

This project is part of a larger project involving making membranes for the separation of potable water from urine solutions for applications in space travel. This project deals specifically with

This project is part of a larger project involving making membranes for the separation of potable water from urine solutions for applications in space travel. This project deals specifically with testing LTA nanozeolites that will be used in the membrane under a variety of acidic conditions, specifically in solutions of sulfuric acid, chromium trioxide, and potassium phosphate of pHs ranging from .5 to 5, in order to investigate the effects of pH, acid type, and time. They were analyzed using SEM, FTIR, and XRD, in order to analyze how much the zeolite was degraded under the conditions of each solution. It was determined that, for high pH values (4-5), potassium phosphate had the strongest effect, as it degraded the zeolite to the point of destroying the crystal structure completely. Because of the solubility limit of potassium phosphate in water, it could not be analyzed at low pH, so only sulfuric acid and chromium trioxide were analyzed at low pH (.5-3). They both had severe effects, sulfuric acid being slightly more severe, with both of them completely dissolving the zeolite at pH values of 1 and lower. Decreasing pH increased degradation for all of the acids, with pH values above 2 for sulfuric acid and chromium trioxide showing only minor degradation, and pH 5 potassium phosphate showing only minor degradation.

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Date Created
  • 2013-05

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The Wedding Dress

Description

"The Wedding Dress" is a creative project investigating the history of wedding dress design that led to the design and construction of a wedding dress with historical inspiration. The project

"The Wedding Dress" is a creative project investigating the history of wedding dress design that led to the design and construction of a wedding dress with historical inspiration. The project details the process of creating the wedding dress, in addition to the historical study of wedding dresses, and the designer/author's inspiration.

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Date Created
  • 2013-05