Matching Items (8)

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Alzheimer’s Neurotherapy Using Cycle-Controlled LED’s and Acoustic Signals

Description

Alzheimer's disease is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States and vastly affects millions across the world each year. Currently, there are no medications or treatments available

Alzheimer's disease is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States and vastly affects millions across the world each year. Currently, there are no medications or treatments available to slow or stop the progression of Alzheimer’s Disease. The GENUS therapy out of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology presently shows positive results in slowing the progression of the disease among animal trials. This thesis is a continuation of that study, to develop and build a testing apparatus for human clinical trials. Included is a complete outline into the design, development, testing measures, and instructional aid for the final apparatus.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-12

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Visual Event Cueing in Linked Spatiotemporal Data

Description

The media disperses a large amount of information daily pertaining to political events social movements, and societal conflicts. Media pertaining to these topics, no matter the format of publication used,

The media disperses a large amount of information daily pertaining to political events social movements, and societal conflicts. Media pertaining to these topics, no matter the format of publication used, are framed a particular way. Framing is used not for just guiding audiences to desired beliefs, but also to fuel societal change or legitimize/delegitimize social movements. For this reason, tools that can help to clarify when changes in social discourse occur and identify their causes are of great use. This thesis presents a visual analytics framework that allows for the exploration and visualization of changes that occur in social climate with respect to space and time. Focusing on the links between data from the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) and a streaming RSS news data set, users can be cued into interesting events enabling them to form and explore hypothesis. This visual analytics framework also focuses on improving intervention detection, allowing users to hypothesize about correlations between events and happiness levels, and supports collaborative analysis.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017

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Directional prediction of stock prices using breaking news on Twitter

Description

Stock market news and investing tips are popular topics in Twitter. In this dissertation, first I utilize a 5-year financial news corpus comprising over 50,000 articles collected from the NASDAQ

Stock market news and investing tips are popular topics in Twitter. In this dissertation, first I utilize a 5-year financial news corpus comprising over 50,000 articles collected from the NASDAQ website matching the 30 stock symbols in Dow Jones Index (DJI) to train a directional stock price prediction system based on news content. Next, I proceed to show that information in articles indicated by breaking Tweet volumes leads to a statistically significant boost in the hourly directional prediction accuracies for the DJI stock prices mentioned in these articles. Secondly, I show that using document-level sentiment extraction does not yield a statistically significant boost in the directional predictive accuracies in the presence of other 1-gram keyword features. Thirdly I test the performance of the system on several time-frames and identify the 4 hour time-frame for both the price charts and for Tweet breakout detection as the best time-frame combination. Finally, I develop a set of price momentum based trade exit rules to cut losing trades early and to allow the winning trades run longer. I show that the Tweet volume breakout based trading system with the price momentum based exit rules not only improves the winning accuracy and the return on investment, but it also lowers the maximum drawdown and achieves the highest overall return over maximum drawdown.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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Assemblages of radicalism: the online recruitment practices of Islamist terrorists

Description

This dissertation explores the various online radicalization and recruitment practices of groups like al-Qaeda and Hezbollah, as well as Salafi Jihadists in general. I will also outline the inadequacies of

This dissertation explores the various online radicalization and recruitment practices of groups like al-Qaeda and Hezbollah, as well as Salafi Jihadists in general. I will also outline the inadequacies of the federal government's engagement with terrorist / Islamist ideologies and explore the ways in which early 20th century foundational Islamist theorists like Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, and Abul ala Mawdudi have affected contemporary extremist Islamist groups, while exploring this myth of the ideal caliphate which persists in the ideology of contemporary extremist Islamist groups. In a larger sense, I am arguing that exploitation of the internet (particularly social networking platforms) in the radicalization of new communities of followers is much more dangerous than cyberterrorism (as in attacks on cyber networks within the government and the private sector), which is what is most often considered to be the primary threat that terrorists pose with their presence on the internet. Online radicalization should, I argue, be given more consideration when forming public policy because of the immediate danger that it poses, especially given the rise of microterrorism. Similarly, through the case studies that I am examining, I am bringing the humanities into the discussion of extremist (religious) rhetorics, an area of discourse that those scholars have largely ignored.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2014

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A semantic triplet based story classifier

Description

Text classification, in the artificial intelligence domain, is an activity in which text documents are automatically classified into predefined categories using machine learning techniques. An example of this is classifying

Text classification, in the artificial intelligence domain, is an activity in which text documents are automatically classified into predefined categories using machine learning techniques. An example of this is classifying uncategorized news articles into different predefined categories such as "Business", "Politics", "Education", "Technology" , etc. In this thesis, supervised machine learning approach is followed, in which a module is first trained with pre-classified training data and then class of test data is predicted. Good feature extraction is an important step in the machine learning approach and hence the main component of this text classifier is semantic triplet based features in addition to traditional features like standard keyword based features and statistical features based on shallow-parsing (such as density of POS tags and named entities). Triplet {Subject, Verb, Object} in a sentence is defined as a relation between subject and object, the relation being the predicate (verb). Triplet extraction process, is a 5 step process which takes input corpus as a web text document(s), each consisting of one or many paragraphs, from RSS feeds to lists of extremist website. Input corpus feeds into the "Pronoun Resolution" step, which uses an heuristic approach to identify the noun phrases referenced by the pronouns. The next step "SRL Parser" is a shallow semantic parser and converts the incoming pronoun resolved paragraphs into annotated predicate argument format. The output of SRL parser is processed by "Triplet Extractor" algorithm which forms the triplet in the form {Subject, Verb, Object}. Generalization and reduction of triplet features is the next step. Reduced feature representation reduces computing time, yields better discriminatory behavior and handles curse of dimensionality phenomena. For training and testing, a ten- fold cross validation approach is followed. In each round SVM classifier is trained with 90% of labeled (training) data and in the testing phase, classes of remaining 10% unlabeled (testing) data are predicted. Concluding, this paper proposes a model with semantic triplet based features for story classification. The effectiveness of the model is demonstrated against other traditional features used in the literature for text classification tasks.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2013

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Signal Processing and Machine Learning Techniques Towards Various Real-World Applications

Description

Machine learning (ML) has played an important role in several modern technological innovations and has become an important tool for researchers in various fields of interest. Besides engineering, ML techniques

Machine learning (ML) has played an important role in several modern technological innovations and has become an important tool for researchers in various fields of interest. Besides engineering, ML techniques have started to spread across various departments of study, like health-care, medicine, diagnostics, social science, finance, economics etc. These techniques require data to train the algorithms and model a complex system and make predictions based on that model. Due to development of sophisticated sensors it has become easier to collect large volumes of data which is used to make necessary hypotheses using ML. The promising results obtained using ML have opened up new opportunities of research across various departments and this dissertation is a manifestation of it. Here, some unique studies have been presented, from which valuable inference have been drawn for a real-world complex system. Each study has its own unique sets of motivation and relevance to the real world. An ensemble of signal processing (SP) and ML techniques have been explored in each study. This dissertation provides the detailed systematic approach and discusses the results achieved in each study. Valuable inferences drawn from each study play a vital role in areas of science and technology, and it is worth further investigation. This dissertation also provides a set of useful SP and ML tools for researchers in various fields of interest.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2018

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Interaction Analytics of Software Factory Recordings

Description

A human communications research project at Arizona State University aurally

recorded the daily interactions of aware and consenting employees and their visiting

clients at the Software Factory, a software engineering consulting team,

A human communications research project at Arizona State University aurally

recorded the daily interactions of aware and consenting employees and their visiting

clients at the Software Factory, a software engineering consulting team, over a three

year period. The resulting dataset contains valuable insights on the communication

networks that the participants formed however it is far too vast to be processed manually

by researchers. In this work, digital signal processing techniques are employed

to develop a software toolkit that can aid in estimating the observable networks contained

in the Software Factory recordings. A four-step process is employed that starts

with parsing available metadata to initially align the recordings followed by alignment

estimation and correction. Once aligned, the recordings are processed for common

signals that are detected across multiple participants’ recordings which serve as a

proxy for conversations. Lastly, visualization tools are developed to graphically encode

the estimated similarity measures to efficiently convey the observable network

relationships to assist in future human communications research.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2018

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Perspective Scaling and Trait Detection on Social Media Data

Description

This research start utilizing an efficient sparse inverse covariance matrix (precision matrix) estimation technique to identify a set of highly correlated discriminative perspectives between radical and counter-radical groups. A ranking

This research start utilizing an efficient sparse inverse covariance matrix (precision matrix) estimation technique to identify a set of highly correlated discriminative perspectives between radical and counter-radical groups. A ranking system has been developed that utilizes ranked perspectives to map Islamic organizations on a set of socio-cultural, political and behavioral scales based on their web site corpus. Simultaneously, a gold standard ranking of these organizations was created through domain experts and compute expert-to-expert agreements and present experimental results comparing the performance of the QUIC based scaling system to another baseline method for organizations. The QUIC based algorithm not only outperforms the baseline methods, but it is also the only system that consistently performs at area expert-level accuracies for all scales. Also, a multi-scale ideological model has been developed and it investigates the correlates of Islamic extremism in Indonesia, Nigeria and UK. This analysis demonstrate that violence does not correlate strongly with broad Muslim theological or sectarian orientations; it shows that religious diversity intolerance is the only consistent and statistically significant ideological correlate of Islamic extremism in these countries, alongside desire for political change in UK and Indonesia, and social change in Nigeria. Next, dynamic issues and communities tracking system based on NMF(Non-negative Matrix Factorization) co-clustering algorithm has been built to better understand the dynamics of virtual communities. The system used between Iran and Saudi Arabia to build and apply a multi-party agent-based model that can demonstrate the role of wedges and spoilers in a complex environment where coalitions are dynamic. Lastly, a visual intelligence platform for tracking the diffusion of online social movements has been developed called LookingGlass to track the geographical footprint, shifting positions and flows of individuals, topics and perspectives between groups. The algorithm utilize large amounts of text collected from a wide variety of organizations’ media outlets to discover their hotly debated topics, and their discriminative perspectives voiced by opposing camps organized into multiple scales. Discriminating perspectives is utilized to classify and map individual Tweeter’s message content to social movements based on the perspectives expressed in their tweets.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2018