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Surface Treatment of Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide

Description

Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) such as

molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), tungsten disulfide (WS2), molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2) are attractive for use in biotechnology, optical and electronics devices due

Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) such as

molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), tungsten disulfide (WS2), molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2) are attractive for use in biotechnology, optical and electronics devices due to their promising and tunable electrical, optical and chemical properties. To fulfill the variety of requirements for different applications, chemical treatment methods are developed to tune their properties. In this dissertation, plasma treatment, chemical doping and functionalization methods have been applied to tune the properties of TMDCs. First, plasma treatment of TMDCs results in doping and generation of defects, as well as the synthesis of transition metal oxides (TMOs) with rolled layers that have increased surface-to-volume ratio and are promising for electrochemical applications. Second, chemical functionalization is another powerful approach for tuning the properties of TMDCs for use in many applications. To covalently functionalize the basal planes of TMDCs, previous reports begin with harsh treatments like lithium intercalation that disrupt the structure and lead to a phase transformation from semiconducting to metallic. Instead, this work demonstrates the direct covalent functionalization of semiconducting MoS2 using aryl diazonium salts without lithium treatments. It preserves the structure and semiconducting nature of MoS2, results in covalent C-S bonds on basal planes and enables different functional groups to be tethered to the MoS2 surface via the diazonium salts. The attachment of fluorescent proteins has been used as a demonstration and it suggests future applications in biology and biosensing. The effects of the covalent functionalization on the electronic transport properties of MoS2 were then studied using field effect transistor (FET) devices.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018

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Battery performance and electrode corrosion

Description

Battery performance has been studied at different temperature, C rate. Different types of batteries have been used. Capacity and impedance are two factors, which are focused in the thesis. To

Battery performance has been studied at different temperature, C rate. Different types of batteries have been used. Capacity and impedance are two factors, which are focused in the thesis. To evaluate battery performance and battery conditions, the SOC (state of charge) determination methods have been studied in the thesis. There are two types of batteries divided in three groups: group I. Ni-Cd battery (2V, 8Ah); group II. Lead-acid battery (2V, 8Ah); and group III. Lead-acid battery (2V, 25Ah). The impedance testing is using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods. AC impedance method has been used to test different state of charge (100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, 20%). For the corrosion part, the corrosion rate of metal material in the heat transfer fluids has been tested at different temperature. Hastelloys C-276 in eutectic molten salts a mixture of NaCl, KCl and ZnCl2 using potentiodynamic method (swap from ± 30 mV in 0.2 mV.s-1). The lowest corrosion rate of Hastelloy C-276 is 5.51 µm per year at 250 °C. Particularly, the corrosion rate of Hastelloy C-276 jumps up to 53.33 µm per year at 400 °C.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2013