Heliobacterium modesticaldum (H. modesticaldum) is an anaerobic photoheterotroph that can fix nitrogen (N2) and produce molecular hydrogen (H2). Recently, the Redding and Jones labs created a microbial photoelectrosynthesis cell that utilized these properties to produce molecular hydrogen using electrons provided by a cathode via a chemical mediator. Although this light-driven creation of fuel within a microbial electrochemical cell was the first of its kind, its production rate of hydrogen was low. It was hypothesized that the injection of electrons into H. modesticaldum was a rate-limiting step in H2 production. Within the H. modesticaldum genome, there is a gene (HM1_0653) that encodes a multi-heme cytochrome c that may be directly involved in this step. From past transcriptomic experiments, this gene is known to be very poorly expressed in H. modesticaldum. Our hypothesis was that increasing its expression with a strong promoter could result in faster electron transfer, and thus, increased H2 production in the photoelectrosynthesis cell. In order to test this hypothesis, different promoters that could lead to high expression in H. modesticaldum were included with a copy of HM1_0653 in various plasmid constructs that were first cloned into E. coli before being conjugated with H. modesticaldum. Cloning in E. coli was possible with the newly derived transformation system and by reducing the copy-number of the vector system. When overexpressed in E. coli, the protein appeared to be expressed, but its purification proved to be difficult. Moreover, conjugation with H. modesticaldum was not achieved. Our results are consistent with the idea that high level overexpression in H. modesticaldum was toxic. An inducible promoter may circumvent these issues and prove more successful in future experiments.