The majority of research in experimental design has, to date, been focused on designs when there is only one type of response variable under consideration. In a decision-making process, however,…
The majority of research in experimental design has, to date, been focused on designs when there is only one type of response variable under consideration. In a decision-making process, however, relying on only one objective or criterion can lead to oversimplified, sub-optimal decisions that ignore important considerations. Incorporating multiple, and likely competing, objectives is critical during the decision-making process in order to balance the tradeoffs of all potential solutions. Consequently, the problem of constructing a design for an experiment when multiple types of responses are of interest does not have a clear answer, particularly when the response variables have different distributions. Responses with different distributions have different requirements of the design.
Computer-generated optimal designs are popular design choices for less standard scenarios where classical designs are not ideal. This work presents a new approach to experimental designs for dual-response systems. The normal, binomial, and Poisson distributions are considered for the potential responses. Using the D-criterion for the linear model and the Bayesian D-criterion for the nonlinear models, a weighted criterion is implemented in a coordinate-exchange algorithm. The designs are evaluated and compared across different weights. The sensitivity of the designs to the priors supplied in the Bayesian D-criterion is explored in the third chapter of this work.
The final section of this work presents a method for a decision-making process involving multiple objectives. There are situations where a decision-maker is interested in several optimal solutions, not just one. These types of decision processes fall into one of two scenarios: 1) wanting to identify the best N solutions to accomplish a goal or specific task, or 2) evaluating a decision based on several primary quantitative objectives along with secondary qualitative priorities. Design of experiment selection often involves the second scenario where the goal is to identify several contending solutions using the primary quantitative objectives, and then use the secondary qualitative objectives to guide the final decision. Layered Pareto Fronts can help identify a richer class of contenders to examine more closely. The method is illustrated with a supersaturated screening design example.