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Potential conflicts of interest in the formation and operation of Arizona School Tuition Organizations

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My thesis offers original research is in its direct analysis of the IRS conflict of interest regulations and their applicability to STOs, its discussion of my experience setting up an STO, and my interviews of State Legislators as a primary

My thesis offers original research is in its direct analysis of the IRS conflict of interest regulations and their applicability to STOs, its discussion of my experience setting up an STO, and my interviews of State Legislators as a primary source. The primary goals of my investigation are to 1. Determine the regulations and standards that exist to prevent conflicts of interest in the operation of Arizona STOs. 2. Examine instances of alleged conflicts of interest encountered by STO operators. 3. Discuss the ethical implications of STO operator actions in situations of conflicts of interest. And 4. Propose legislative solutions to remove any and all conflicts of interest. From my examination of financial records and from my interviews with other state legislators, I have concluded that Arizona Christina School Tuition Organization is violating IRS regulations by operating with an objective of conferring on its director a private benefit. The STO I helped form, ------------- STO will need to carefully document its expenses and contracts to justify its overhead margin or else risk running afoul of the same IRS regulations. Even if an STO like ------------- STO, is allowed by Arizona law to have an overhead margin of 10%, those expenses must be justified, particularly if they confer a private benefit to restricted persons. Ultimately, even if an STO deliberately flouts IRS regulations regarding private benefits realized by "disqualified" persons, it is highly unlikely that the STO will face IRS scrutiny. Therefore, there exist sufficient federal regulatory safeguards to prevent financial conflicts of interest among Arizona STO board members, but such regulations are not sufficiently enforced to prevent those conflicts of interest.

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Date Created
2018-05

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Artificial Intelligence & Its Implications for the Modern American Legal System

Description

It is interesting to reflect that the American legal system has not seriously applied any significant technological advances in many decades. It is fascinating that the same processes used to draft a will or estate plan are virtually the same

It is interesting to reflect that the American legal system has not seriously applied any significant technological advances in many decades. It is fascinating that the same processes used to draft a will or estate plan are virtually the same as they were in the 1960’s. This seems to be a problem that should be concerning in this modern age. We would be hard pressed to observe doctors in the U.S. currently performing medical procedures as they would have in 1960 considering the technological advancements that have taken place in society since then. Many of the processes in the legal system are extremely static and even archaic. It seems to be an opportune time to revolutionize the whole system as advancements continue; but, this revolution must take into account both the positive and negative repercussions that are possible moving forward.

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Date Created
2020-05

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A Business Perspective and Solutions to the Kidney Transplant Shortage

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This research was aimed at identifying the problems of the kidney transplant market and then proposing business-minded solutions. The methodology that was used to compile research was an industry analysis, a business model canvas, the lean startup methodology, academic papers,

This research was aimed at identifying the problems of the kidney transplant market and then proposing business-minded solutions. The methodology that was used to compile research was an industry analysis, a business model canvas, the lean startup methodology, academic papers, popular culture references, previous and present marketing campaigns, an internship at a local hospital, and organ transplant databases. The problems I identified was that kidney transplant industry was favorable but had few competitors, a mounting demand with a lack of supply, a lack of public awareness, negative public perception, and incorrectly focused marketing campaigns. The solutions that I constructed were the endorsement of grocery retail clinics as a step to prevent a future increase in demand for kidneys, a hybridized opt-in system that would increase the supply of transplantable kidneys, a public awareness campaign that would increase the public's awareness and shift it into a positive light, and a refocused marketing campaign that centered on why people become donors. The implementation of these solutions should be solution1, then solution 3 and 4, and then after the public has enough time to ruminate, employ solution 2.

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Date Created
2017-05

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Why we need to end the war on drugs

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The main objective of the research was to gather as much information and arguments about why we need to end the war on drugs and put them into one piece of work that was compelling and thorough, but also concise.

The main objective of the research was to gather as much information and arguments about why we need to end the war on drugs and put them into one piece of work that was compelling and thorough, but also concise. This goal was achieved through first explaining how addiction is strongly related to the environment around the addict and whether they have adequate tools to bond with those around them. After coming to the conclusion that the war on drugs has been a failure and is misunderstood by most people, the strategy for legalization of recreational drugs was outlined as well as the economic, social, and health benefits of pursuing that strategy. The conclusion is that while the war on drugs has good intentions, it has been largely ineffective and imposed cruel punishments on addicts that end up causing more harm than they prevent, it is time to move forward and legalize all recreational drug use with licensed sales, harm reduction programs, and proper education to create a more effective strategy of preventing drug use and the harm it brings.

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Date Created
2017-05

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Job Satisfaction in the Field of Law

Description

This paper discusses the levels of job satisfaction amongst practicing lawyers, with a distinction between government-employed lawyers (public) and those in the private sector. The purpose of this report is to provide insight into the joys and sorrows of practicing

This paper discusses the levels of job satisfaction amongst practicing lawyers, with a distinction between government-employed lawyers (public) and those in the private sector. The purpose of this report is to provide insight into the joys and sorrows of practicing law and provide those who are curious about becoming a lawyer with the tools to be the happiest lawyer that they can be throughout their career. The paper includes analysis of a primary research survey, comparisons with existing research, and a brief overview of happiness based research. It concludes with personal applications of the knowledge gained. Findings of the project conclude that publicly employed lawyers are, on average, slightly happier than lawyers in the private sector. On a scale from 1-7 public lawyers held an average happiness rating of 6.8, while private lawyers came in at a 6.06. Both factions were found to be satisfied in their work, which can dispel the myth that lawyers in general are unhappy with their job or field. Research into happiness shows that only 40% of an individual's overall happiness can be directly affected by their mindset and actins. The other 60% is comprised of genetic and circumstantial factors. Steps and advice to increase happiness derived from a profession or life are offered. The key to finding satisfaction in the workplace lies in aligning one's strengths with one's values. This paper concludes by imploring those who seek a job in the legal field to spend time understanding what their values are, and pursuing satisfaction in the workplace instead of prestige or pay.

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Created

Date Created
2017-12

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An Ethical Analysis of Customers' Perceptions of Multilingual Phone Systems Among Various Demographic Groups

Description

This thesis explores three predominant theories of language in cultures, considering them with the use of multilingual automated phone systems. It presents an analysis of Internet based (primarily through blogposts) reviews of such systems. As these reviews are insufficient to

This thesis explores three predominant theories of language in cultures, considering them with the use of multilingual automated phone systems. It presents an analysis of Internet based (primarily through blogposts) reviews of such systems. As these reviews are insufficient to form a conclusion as to how the public sees such systems, this thesis also presents an original study of 90 participants, which assesses both the functional difference between English only and multilingual systems, as well as respondents' personal ethical (as defined by participants themselves) beliefs as to the necessity of such multilingual automated systems. The study's primary hypotheses assert that these systems will not have any large functional difference, and that the majority of respondents will find the use of such multilingual automated systems ethically necessary. Both of these hypotheses are found to be correct.

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Date Created
2015-05

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Boilerplate: the Unread Terms and Agreements

Description

Modern Americans ignorantly live under a blanket of unread terms, conditions, and binding contracts. Often, these contracts (mostly associated with products and services) come and go with little effect. Periodically, the products or services cause the consumer harm, leading them

Modern Americans ignorantly live under a blanket of unread terms, conditions, and binding contracts. Often, these contracts (mostly associated with products and services) come and go with little effect. Periodically, the products or services cause the consumer harm, leading them to seek repair. The consumer then realizes that all the fine print they failed to read makes an impactful legal difference. This paper analyzes the work of Professor Radin through her book, Boilerplate. It goes on to explore many other arguments presented by contract theorists and makes substantial claims regarding the dangers of boilerplate (unread terms and conditions).

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Date Created
2015-05

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INNOVATION SPACE: A STUDY OF THE LEGAL AND REGULATORY IMPLICATIONS TO CONSIDER WHEN BRINGING A DISABILITY PRODUCT TO MARKET

Description

Anytime a new product is brought to market or a new business is established, there are several legal and regulatory matters that must be addressed in order to achieve sustainable success. There are certain legal implications that every new business

Anytime a new product is brought to market or a new business is established, there are several legal and regulatory matters that must be addressed in order to achieve sustainable success. There are certain legal implications that every new business needs to consider, such as business structure, obtaining intellectual property, necessary licenses, agreements, liability, etc. In addition, there are also some regulations and laws that apply to only certain types of businesses. For products created for individuals with disabilities, some of these regulations include the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), the Telecommunications Act of 1996, and the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). In this thesis, I study the disability product market, and the major legal and regulatory obstacles that a company might face in creating and marketing a product for consumers with either a mobile or visual disability. The research I conducted was based on a year-long project I completed in an interdisciplinary program called InnovationSpace. This paper introduces the program and our product, including a summary of the business model we created. Then, I discuss the findings of my research, before developing a plan for complying with the laws when taking our product, Naavi, to market. The major strategy discussed includes getting our product involved in public school districts through the IDEA, to give visually disabled students access to our product by making it a required component of their Individualized Education Plans (IEPs). Being able to do so would give our company an enormous business-to-business customer, which would be great for our company while simultaneously offering these students an opportunity to learn a valuable skill that can improve their daily lives.

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Date Created
2016-05

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Cost Analysis of Participant Recruitment at a Community Site to Promote Colon Cancer Screening in Underserved Populations

Description

A cost analysis was done on the participant recruitment for an ongoing research project to promote colon cancer screening in Phoenix, Arizona. The aim of the 5-year project is to navigate people, who do not regularly see primary care physicians,

A cost analysis was done on the participant recruitment for an ongoing research project to promote colon cancer screening in Phoenix, Arizona. The aim of the 5-year project is to navigate people, who do not regularly see primary care physicians, from the community to a nearby clinic to be screened, using an intervention strategy called tailored navigation. Through tailored navigation, participants' barriers to being screened are addressed by Community Health Navigators, who call the participant over the span of 8 weeks following an initial class at a community site and give them information on how to overcome his or her specific barrier. The objective of this cost analysis is to explore the costs of recruiting a participant from the community to the initial class to a potential program manager. The process of recruitment involved recruitment of a community site, project introduction, the sign-up of interested participants, eligibility, baseline, and consent tests, and the class itself. A Community Site Liaison recruits sites and schedules class times. The Community Health Navigator conducts eligibility, baseline, and consent surveys and teaches the class, a sixty minute presentation on colon cancer screening. The cost of recruitment per community site was $541.23, and the cost per participant attending class was estimated to be $1,594.41 per participant with variation between $1,379.97 and $1,770.71 in optimistic and conservative scenarios, respectively.

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Created

Date Created
2014-05

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International Ethics/Customs and Supply Chain Management

Description

The following paper examines the current international code of ethics and customs accompanying global supply chain management. It specifically addresses the legal aspects that contemporary supply chains must consider when conducting business internationally as well as the customary traditions associated

The following paper examines the current international code of ethics and customs accompanying global supply chain management. It specifically addresses the legal aspects that contemporary supply chains must consider when conducting business internationally as well as the customary traditions associated with major regions of current trade. In particular, it describes the simultaneously growing and tepid interest in conducting business with the B.R.I.C. (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) countries to supplement the aforementioned topic with a contemporary issue. In particular, it details the amount, if any, of corruption occurring in each country and describes the influence that these practices have and the complications they create on international trade with the United States.

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Date Created
2014-05