Matching Items (7)

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Comparing Building Information Modeling Skills of Project Managers and BIM Managers Based on Social Media Analysis

Description

Building Information Modeling (BIM) education may accelerate the process of adopting BIM in construction projects. The education community has been examining the best ways of introducing BIM into the curricula.

Building Information Modeling (BIM) education may accelerate the process of adopting BIM in construction projects. The education community has been examining the best ways of introducing BIM into the curricula. However, individuals in different positions, such as project managers and BIM managers, may require different BIM skills in practice. Thus, understanding BIM skills could help to better formulate the education program for college students and industry professionals. The authors explored this topic by addressing two research questions: 1) What are the BIM skills possessed by individuals that increase the likelihood of having the titles “project manager” and “BIM manager”? 2) How do these skill-sets differ between project managers and BIM managers? These questions are addressed through an analysis of the LinkedIn profiles of architecture, engineering, construction, and operations (AECO) professionals. Data collection involved gathering endorsed skills, number of endorsements, current position, past positions, and years of work experiences from LinkedIn profiles of AECO professionals. This article identified BIM skills and other skills correlated with BIM skills that increase the likelihood of an individual to own the titles of “project manager” and “BIM manager.” This analysis showed that the number of skills shared between project managers and BIM managers were greater than the number of unique skills possessed by either position. While the two positions shared certain skills, subsequent analysis suggested that many of those skills were correlated with different skills. This may suggest that, while there is overlap in the skills possessed between individuals in each position, the way in which they use those skillsets may differ.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05-20

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Leveraging Building Information Modeling to Support Building Portfolio Management: A Case Study

Description

Building information modeling (BIM) has already sparked changes in design and construction practices, ranging from new methods to coordinate work during design to supporting paperless construction sites where crews use

Building information modeling (BIM) has already sparked changes in design and construction practices, ranging from new methods to coordinate work during design to supporting paperless construction sites where crews use handheld devices in lieu of paper plans. It is seen as the starting point for the larger picture, virtual design and construction (VDC). While some research has explored the feasibility of using BIM for Facilities Management (FM) this practice is yet to become widely accepted and integrated. This paper explores how VDC could improve the operations of a Facilities Management department at a large state university. Specifically, the authors examine the degree to which institutional requirements foster BIM use during building operations, the ability of models to interface with existing FM software, and the willingness of FM executives to incorporate BIM into their processes. The authors also discuss the sorts of information contained in building models that FM could find most useful, and highlight those pieces of information required for FM that many building models do not contain. Finally, the paper closes with a set of recommendations about how to create building models that more seamlessly integrate into existing Facilities Management processes at the university studied, in order to draw a set of recommendations that may apply more broadly to state universities and similar institutions.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

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Analyzing Roof to Wall Attachment Systems A Micro-Analysis Leading to a Shift in Approaching Hurricane Compliance Incentives

Description

As construction and building methods advance so should their focus on reconstruction post-natural disasters. For the past 50 years there has been an average of 6.2 hurricanes making landfall, and

As construction and building methods advance so should their focus on reconstruction post-natural disasters. For the past 50 years there has been an average of 6.2 hurricanes making landfall, and several recent unfortunate occurrences in the past year that have caused immeasurable damage and taken priceless lives (Chris Landsea 2017). Damages could have been significantly reduced to residential homes and lives saved if proper, hurricane-resistant construction was used. It is important to continue advancement in efficient planning and reconstructive methods to restore individuals into their homes and ensure their safety in the future. Utilizing tested resilient building methods may increase construction costs but has a visible payoff through mitigation of economic losses in the future. This can also help develop response and mitigation plans based on the very specific conditions of each community or affected location. To do so, it is crucial to continue research and test various methods of construction and materials in residential homes. This study was a comparative analysis of the current roof systems implemented in residential homes, the role of hurricane testing facilities in maintaining building codes, and how damage incurred by hurricanes can be significantly reduced through a shift in the approach of homeowner insurance incentive. The purpose of this study was to provide a feasible and practicable solution for increasing implementation of hurricane resistant construction into homes. The results of this analysis concluded that there is a low percentage of homeowners investing in making their homes hurricane resilient. By re-inventing the incentive methods that insurance companies offer, this problem can step into the right direction in making more homes hurricane resilient consequently reducing damages, deaths, and economic loss.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Analyzing the distribution and variations in construction costs for commercial tenant improvement projects

Description

In this era of high-tech computer advancements and tremendous programmable computer capabilities, construction cost estimation still remains a knowledge-intensive and experience driven task. High reliance on human expertise, and less

In this era of high-tech computer advancements and tremendous programmable computer capabilities, construction cost estimation still remains a knowledge-intensive and experience driven task. High reliance on human expertise, and less accuracy in the decision support tools render cost estimation error prone. Arriving at accurate cost estimates is of paramount importance because it forms the basis of most of the financial, design, and executive decisions concerning the project at subsequent stages. As its unique contribution to the body of knowledge, this paper analyzes the deviations and behavior of costs associated with different construction activities involved in commercial office tenant improvement (TI) projects. The aim of this study is to obtain useful micro-level cost information of various construction activities that make up for the total construction cost of projects. Standardization and classification of construction activities have been carried out based on Construction Specifications Institute’s (CSI) MasterFormat® division items. Construction costs from 51 office TI projects completed during 2015 and 2016 are analyzed statistically to understand the trends among various construction activities involved. It was found that the interior finishes activities showed a much higher cost of construction, and a comparatively higher variation than the mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) trades. The statistical analysis also revealed a huge scope of energy saving measures that could be achieved in such TI projects because of the absence of energy management systems (EMS) found in 66% of the projects.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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Context Integration for Reliable Anomaly Detection from Imagery Data for Supporting Civil Infrastructure Operation and Maintenance

Description

Imagery data has become important for civil infrastructure operation and

maintenance because imagery data can capture detailed visual information with high

frequencies. Computer vision can be useful for acquiring spatiotemporal details to

support

Imagery data has become important for civil infrastructure operation and

maintenance because imagery data can capture detailed visual information with high

frequencies. Computer vision can be useful for acquiring spatiotemporal details to

support the timely maintenance of critical civil infrastructures that serve society. Some

examples include: irrigation canals need to maintain the leaking sections to avoid water

loss; project engineers need to identify the deviating parts of the workflow to have the

project finished on time and within budget; detecting abnormal behaviors of air traffic

controllers is necessary to reduce operational errors and avoid air traffic accidents.

Identifying the outliers of the civil infrastructure can help engineers focus on targeted

areas. However, large amounts of imagery data bring the difficulty of information

overloading. Anomaly detection combined with contextual knowledge could help address

such information overloading to support the operation and maintenance of civil

infrastructures.

Some challenges make such identification of anomalies difficult. The first challenge is

that diverse large civil infrastructures span among various geospatial environments so

that previous algorithms cannot handle anomaly detection of civil infrastructures in

different environments. The second challenge is that the crowded and rapidly changing

workspaces can cause difficulties for the reliable detection of deviating parts of the

workflow. The third challenge is that limited studies examined how to detect abnormal

behaviors for diverse people in a real-time and non-intrusive manner. Using video andii

relevant data sources (e.g., biometric and communication data) could be promising but

still need a baseline of normal behaviors for outlier detection.

This dissertation presents an anomaly detection framework that uses contextual

knowledge, contextual information, and contextual data for filtering visual information

extracted by computer vision techniques (ADCV) to address the challenges described

above. The framework categorizes the anomaly detection of civil infrastructures into two

categories: with and without a baseline of normal events. The author uses three case

studies to illustrate how the developed approaches can address ADCV challenges in

different categories of anomaly detection. Detailed data collection and experiments

validate the developed ADCV approaches.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020

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A New Look at Designing Electrical Construction Processes A Case Study of Cable Pulling and Termination Process on Data Center Construction Sites

Description

At least 30 datacenters either broke ground or hit the planning stages around the United States over the past two years. On such technically complex projects, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing

At least 30 datacenters either broke ground or hit the planning stages around the United States over the past two years. On such technically complex projects, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP) systems make up a huge portion of the construction work which makes data center market very promising for MEP subcontractors in the next years. However, specialized subcontractors such as electrical subcontractors are struggling to keep crews motivated. Due to the hard work involved in the construction industry, it is not appealing for young workers. According to The Center for Construction Research and Training, the percentages of workers aged between 16 to 19 years decreased by 67%, 20 to 24 years decreased by 49% and 25 to 34 age decreased by 32% from 1985 to 2015. Furthermore, the construction industry has been lagging other industries in combatting its decline in productivity. Electrical activities, especially cable pulling, are some of the most physically unsafe, tedious, and labor-intensive electrical process on data center projects. The motivation of this research is the need to take a closer look at how this process is being done and find improvement opportunities. This thesis focuses on one potential restructuring of the cable pulling and termination process; the goal of this restructuring is optimization for automation. Through process mapping, this thesis presents a proposed cable pulling and termination process that utilizes automation to make use of the best abilities of human and robots/machines. It will also provide a methodology for process improvement that is applicable to the electrical scope of work as well as that of other construction trades.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020

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Information Technology and Human Factors to Enhance Design and Constructability Review Processes in Construction

Description

Emerging information and communication technology (ICT) has had an enormous effect on the building architecture, engineering, construction and operation (AECO) fields in recent decades. The effects have resonated in several

Emerging information and communication technology (ICT) has had an enormous effect on the building architecture, engineering, construction and operation (AECO) fields in recent decades. The effects have resonated in several disciplines, such as project information flow, design representation and communication, and Building Information Modeling (BIM) approaches. However, these effects can potentially impact communication and coordination of the virtual design contents in both design and construction phases. Therefore, and with the great potential for emerging technologies in construction projects, it is essential to understand how these technologies influence virtual design information within the organizations as well as individuals’ behaviors. This research focusses on understanding current emerging technologies and its impacts on projects virtual design information and communication among projects stakeholders within the AECO organizations.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017