Matching Items (17)

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Comparative Nursing Education in the US and UK

Description

I conducted a qualitative, comparative study on the nursing education systems in the United Kingdom and the United States, focusing on two universities—Arizona State University in Phoenix, Arizona and Leeds

I conducted a qualitative, comparative study on the nursing education systems in the United Kingdom and the United States, focusing on two universities—Arizona State University in Phoenix, Arizona and Leeds Beckett University in Leeds, England. The goals of my thesis included comparing the educational, economic, and cultural aspects of the countries and how those aspects impact nursing students on both sides of the pond. The educational and economic aspects were compared by utilizing existing literature and open data sources such as the university websites and publications from comparative education journals, while the cultural differences were evaluated by conducting short, one-on-one interviews with students enrolled in the Adult Health courses at both universities. The findings from the interviews were transcribed and coded, and findings from the sites were compared. While there is an extensive amount of research published regarding comparative education, there has not been much published comparing these developed countries. While there is a significant difference in the structure and cost of the nursing programs, there are more similarities than differences in culture between nursing students interviewed in the US and those interviewed in the UK.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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The Role of the Nurse in Helping Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Patients Cope with Emotional Distress: A Qualitative Approach

Description

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), a common treatment for various hematopoietic cancers, involves lengthy hospital stays as well as intensive chemotherapy prior to the transplant. Many patients exhibit clinically significant

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), a common treatment for various hematopoietic cancers, involves lengthy hospital stays as well as intensive chemotherapy prior to the transplant. Many patients exhibit clinically significant symptoms of depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after transplant, due to the demanding nature of the treatment process and the associated risks. However, little research has been done concerning how nurses' actions impact the emotional well-being of these patients; most studies lack evidence related to the nursing staff's precise role in this distressing situation. The purpose of this study was to explore, using a qualitative approach, participants' personal experiences with their nurses throughout all phases of treatment, focusing on interventions and actions nurses took to ease the participants' reported anxiety, depression, or PTSD symptoms. A convenience sampling method was used to recruit participants. Nine English-speaking individuals (M age = 55 years; 78% female; 67% allogeneic) from around the US were invited to participate in semi-structured in-depth interviews. Seven major themes emerged from the interviews: (1) support from nurse, (2) physical symptoms, (3) emotional/cognitive distress, (4) open/honest communication, (5) coping, (6) continuity of nurses, and (7) anticipatory guidance. Results indicated the need for heavy psychosocial support, informational support, and active listening from nurses. Implications for nursing practice included an increased need for education on the best timing for implementation of nurse-led interventions, as well as further investigation into strategies for nurses to provide optimal psychosocial care for HCT patients.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

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Nursing Interventions for Supporting Individuals with OCD in Acute Care Settings

Description

This thesis highlights the impact that nursing and collaborative care can have for patients in the acute care setting who have a mental illness, with a specific focus on Obsessive-Compulsive

This thesis highlights the impact that nursing and collaborative care can have for patients in the acute care setting who have a mental illness, with a specific focus on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and related disorders. Holistic care for patients admitted into the acute care setting with a comorbidity of OCD includes exploration of nursing interventions and collaborative therapies, namely journaling, mindfulness or meditation, breathing, self-help methods, exercise, massage, acupuncture or electroacupuncture, yoga, and nutrition. Each intervention was evaluated in the context of how a nurse can apply or facilitate the intervention in an acute care setting. Nurses and health professionals are encouraged to utilize these interventions and to be creative in their treatments, taking into consideration all aspects of a patient: mental, physical, and otherwise.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Perceptions of College Students About Vaping

Description

As the use of e-cigarettes (vaping) has exponentially grown in the college population over the last few years, young people are experiencing related health complications. To better understand the rationale

As the use of e-cigarettes (vaping) has exponentially grown in the college population over the last few years, young people are experiencing related health complications. To better understand the rationale and appeal for using these products, I conducted a qualitative study of the perceptions and use of e-cigarettes by college students who were previous or current e-cigarette users. Ten participants responded to a standardized set of questions about their perceptions on vaping. Interviews were recorded and transcribed by the researcher and were coded independently by two members of the research team. The coded data was further analyzed to develop seven themes. Key themes included: “Social,” “health,” “self-image,” “negative health effects,” “knowledge,” and “dependence.” The data led to two major conclusions: 1) college students have a negative perception of their own usage of e-cigarettes, as well as their personal images related to vaping and the adverse health effects they experience from this habit 2) college students have varying levels of knowledge about e-cigarette products and desire to learn more about and the short- and long-term effects. Healthcare professionals can use these findings to improve understanding of how college students perceive the use of e-cigarettes and plan effective health promotion programs to minimize health risks in that population.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis Experience in Individuals Aged 15 to 24 Years

Description

The purpose of the integrative review was to analyze published research on the experiences of individuals aged 15 to 24 years within two years of a type 1 diabetes mellitus

The purpose of the integrative review was to analyze published research on the experiences of individuals aged 15 to 24 years within two years of a type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis, with the intention of understanding their potential challenges and ensuring best practice by healthcare professionals when caring for and supporting these individuals. With T1DM being a chronic disease with no known cure, this diagnosis greatly impacts one’s life, making understanding of the experiences of individuals with diabetes essential. Individuals aged 15 to 24 years were studied as this age group craves autonomy while potentially facing multiple life transitions simultaneously. They may make risky decisions that can threaten their health, and are at an increased risk for suicide. After completing a systematic literature search, two studies that met the set criteria were analyzed. One found that T1DM adds challenges to college living, while the other study discussed management of exercise with T1DM. Both studies emphasized the importance of education and how T1DM affects all parts of one’s life. While they provided a glimpse of the daily challenges individuals with T1DM face, there are still many gaps in T1DM diagnosis experience research. Health professionals need additional credible research in order to conduct evidence-based practice that improves the lives of these young individuals coping with a serious chronic disease. If further research is not conducted, individuals aged 15 to 24 years are at a severe disadvantage in navigating a new T1DM diagnosis and could easily become overwhelmed due to their developing brains and additional lifestyle changes that come with being an emerging adult.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

False Claims Act: Nurse Practitioners Edition

Description

Knowledge of the False Claims Act is necessary for nurse practitioners. Education on the False Claims Act is a preventive measure to protect patients, taxpayers, and federal health care programs.

Knowledge of the False Claims Act is necessary for nurse practitioners. Education on the False Claims Act is a preventive measure to protect patients, taxpayers, and federal health care programs. To provide the necessary education, I conducted extensive research on the False Claims Act, examined the literature to determine the relevance of the False Claims Act to nurse practitioners, conducted interviews with members in charge of preparing students to become nurse practitioners, and evaluated the best means to present the information. My end product is infographics that provide an overview of the complexities of the False Claims Act. From a health care compliance perspective, the infographics are resources that promote compliance with the False Claims Act through education.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Addressing Implicit Bias in Mental Healthcare: A Novel Health Promotion Tool for the Treatment of Minority Mental Health Patients

Description

Minority mental health patients face many health inequities and inequalities that may stem from implicit bias and a lack of cultural awareness from their healthcare providers. I analyzed the current

Minority mental health patients face many health inequities and inequalities that may stem from implicit bias and a lack of cultural awareness from their healthcare providers. I analyzed the current literature evaluating implicit bias among healthcare providers and culturally specific life traumas that Latinos and African Americans face that can impact their mental health. Additionally, I researched a current mental health assessments tool, the Child and Adolescent Trauma Survey (CATS), and evaluated it for the use on Latino and African American patients. Face-to-face interviews with two healthcare providers were also used to analyze the CATS for its’ applicability to Latino and African American patients. Results showed that these assessments were not sufficient in capturing culturally specific life traumas of minority patients. Based on the literature review and analysis of the interviews with healthcare providers, a novel assessment tool, the Culturally Traumatic Events Questionnaire (CTEQ), was created to address the gaps that currently make up other mental health assessment tools used on minority patients.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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External validation of an instructional design model for high fidelity simulation: model application in a hospital setting

Description

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the design characteristics component of the Jeffries/National League for Nursing Framework for Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating Simulations when developing

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the design characteristics component of the Jeffries/National League for Nursing Framework for Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating Simulations when developing a simulation-based approach to teaching structured communication to new graduate nurses. The setting for the study was a medium sized tertiary care hospital located in the southwestern United States. Participants in the study were an instructional designer (who also served as the researcher), two graduate nursing education specialists, one unit based educator, and 27 new graduate nurses and registered nurses who had been in practice for less than six months. Design and development research was employed to examine the processes used to design the simulation, implementation of the simulation by faculty, and course evaluation data from both students and faculty. Data collected from the designer, faculty and student participants were analyzed for evidence on how the design characteristics informed the design and implementation of the course, student achievement of course goals, as well as student and faculty evaluation of the course. These data were used to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the model in this context as well as suggestions for strengthening the model. Findings revealed that the model generally functioned well in this context. Particular strengths of the model were its emphasis on problem-solving and recommendations for attending to fidelity of clinical scenarios. Weaknesses of the model were inadequate guidance for designing student preparation, student support, and debriefing. Additionally, the model does not address the role of observers or others who are not assigned the role of primary nurse during simulations. Recommendations for strengthening the model include addressing these weaknesses by incorporating existing evidence in the instructional design of experiential learning and by scaffolding students during problem-solving. The results of the study also suggested interrelationships among the design characteristics that were not previously described; further exploration of this finding may strengthen the model. Faculty and instructional designers creating clinical simulations in this context would benefit from using the Jeffries/National League for Nursing Model, adding external resources to supplement in areas where the model does not currently provide adequate guidance.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2011

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Complexity leadership theory and innovation: a new framework for innovation leadership

Description

The healthcare system is plagued with increasing cost and poor quality outcomes. A major contributing factor for these issues is that outdated leadership practices, such as leader-centricity, linear thinking, and

The healthcare system is plagued with increasing cost and poor quality outcomes. A major contributing factor for these issues is that outdated leadership practices, such as leader-centricity, linear thinking, and poor readiness for innovation, are being used in healthcare organizations. Through a qualitative case study analysis of innovation implementation, a new framework of leadership was uncovered. This framework presented new characteristics of leaders that led to the successful implementation of an innovation. Characteristics uncovered included boundary spanning, risk taking, visioning, leveraging opportunity, adaptation, coordination of information flow, and facilitation. These characteristics describe how leaders throughout the system were able to influence information flow, relationships, connections, and organizational context to implement innovation.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2013

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Recommendations of nursing interventions that promote development in chronically ill and hospitalized infants

Description

Hospitalized and chronically ill infants are at risk for motor, cognitive, and social developmental delays. Nurses have an important role in supporting infant and family development to mitigate these delays.

Hospitalized and chronically ill infants are at risk for motor, cognitive, and social developmental delays. Nurses have an important role in supporting infant and family development to mitigate these delays. A literature review was performed to identify nursing interventions that promote development in these three categories. After literature was selected, critical appraisals were performed to assess the quality of evidence. Breast feeding, early cognitive-motor intervention, and family centered care were found to be beneficial for promoting motor development. Maternal scaffolding, responsive-didactic caregiving, and skin-to-skin contact are recommended nursing interventions for cognitive development. Lastly, integration of music is the nursing intervention recommended to promote social development.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05