Matching Items (4)

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High slew-rate adaptive biasing hybrid envelope tracking supply modulator for LTE applications

Description

As wireless communication enters smartphone era, more complicated communication technologies are being used to transmit higher data rate. Power amplifier (PA) has to work in back-off region, while this inevitably

As wireless communication enters smartphone era, more complicated communication technologies are being used to transmit higher data rate. Power amplifier (PA) has to work in back-off region, while this inevitably reduces battery life for cellphones. Various techniques have been reported to increase PA efficiency, such as envelope elimination and restoration (EER) and envelope tracking (ET). However, state of the art ET supply modulators failed to address high efficiency, high slew rate, and accurate tracking concurrently.

In this dissertation, a linear-switch mode hybrid ET supply modulator utilizing adaptive biasing and gain enhanced current mirror operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) with class-AB output stage in parallel with a switching regulator is presented. In comparison to a conventional OTA design with similar quiescent current consumption, proposed approach improves positive and negative slew rate from 50 V/µs to 93.4 V/µs and -87 V/µs to -152.5 V/µs respectively, dc gain from 45 dB to 67 dB while consuming same amount of quiescent current. The proposed hybrid supply modulator achieves 83% peak efficiency, power added efficiency (PAE) of 42.3% at 26.2 dBm for a 10 MHz 7.24 dB peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) LTE signal and improves PAE by 8% at 6 dB back off from 26.2 dBm power amplifier (PA) output power with respect to fixed supply. With a 10 MHz 7.24 dB PAPR QPSK LTE signal the ET PA system achieves adjacent channel leakage ratio (ACLR) of -37.7 dBc and error vector magnitude (EVM) of 4.5% at 26.2 dBm PA output power, while with a 10 MHz 8.15 dB PAPR 64QAM LTE signal the ET PA system achieves ACLR of -35.6 dBc and EVM of 6% at 26 dBm PA output power without digital pre-distortion (DPD). The proposed supply modulator core circuit occupies 1.1 mm2 die area, and is fabricated in a 0.18 µm CMOS technology.

Contributors

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017

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Long term evolution backhaul over ethernet passive optical network: an analysis study

Description

LTE (Long Term Evolution) represents an emerging technology that will change how service providers backhaul user traffic to their infrastructure over IP networks. To support growing mobile bandwidth demand, an

LTE (Long Term Evolution) represents an emerging technology that will change how service providers backhaul user traffic to their infrastructure over IP networks. To support growing mobile bandwidth demand, an EPON backhaul infrastructure will make possible realtime high bandwidth applications. LTE backhaul planning and deployment scenarios are important factors to network success. In this thesis, we are going to study the effect of LTE backhaul on Optical network, in an attempt to interoperate Fiber and Wireless networks. This project is based on traffic forecast for the LTE networks. Traffic models are studied and gathered from literature to reflect applications accurately. Careful capacity planning of the mobile backhaul is going to bring a better experience for LTE users, in terms of bit rates and latency they can expect, while allowing the network operators to spend their funds effectively.

Contributors

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014

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Performance models for LTE-advanced random access

Description

LTE-Advanced networks employ random access based on preambles

transmitted according to multi-channel slotted Aloha principles. The

random access is controlled through a limit W on the number of

transmission attempts and a timeout

LTE-Advanced networks employ random access based on preambles

transmitted according to multi-channel slotted Aloha principles. The

random access is controlled through a limit W on the number of

transmission attempts and a timeout period for uniform backoff after a

collision. We model the LTE-Advanced random access system by formulating

the equilibrium condition for the ratio of the number of requests

successful within the permitted number of transmission attempts to those

successful in one attempt. We prove that for W≤8 there is only one

equilibrium operating point and for W≥9 there are three operating

points if the request load ρ is between load boundaries ρ1

and ρ2. We analytically identify these load boundaries as well as

the corresponding system operating points. We analyze the throughput and

delay of successful requests at the operating points and validate the

analytical results through simulations. Further, we generalize the

results using a steady-state equilibrium based approach and develop

models for single-channel and multi-channel systems, incorporating the

barring probability PB. Ultimately, we identify the de-correlating

effect of parameters O, PB, and Tomax and introduce the

Poissonization effect due to the backlogged requests in a slot. We

investigate the impact of Poissonization on different traffic and

conclude this thesis.

Contributors

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014

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Voice over LTE study and test strategy definition

Description

Voice and other circuit switched services in a LTE deployment can be based on a Circuit Switched Fall Back mechanism or on the upcoming Voice Over LTE option. Voice Over

Voice and other circuit switched services in a LTE deployment can be based on a Circuit Switched Fall Back mechanism or on the upcoming Voice Over LTE option. Voice Over LTE option can be used with its SIP based signaling to route voice calls and other circuit switched services over the LTE's packet switched core. The main issue that is faced though is the validation of this approach before the deployment over commercial network. The test strategy devised as a result of this work will be able to visit corner scenarios and error sensitive services, so that signaling involved can be verified to ensure a robust deployment of the Voice Over LTE network. Signaling test strategy is based on the observations made during a simulated Voice Over LTE call inside the lab in a controlled environment. Emergency services offered are carefully studied to devise a robust test strategy to make sure that any service failure is avoided. Other area were the service is routed via different protocol stack layer than it normally is in a legacy circuit switched core are identified and brought into the scope of the test strategy.

Contributors

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Created

Date Created
  • 2014