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Gain and bandwidth enhancement of ferrite-loaded CBS antenna using material shaping and positioning

Description

Loading a cavity-backed slot (CBS) antenna with ferrite material and applying a biasing static magnetic field can be used to control its resonant frequency. Such a mechanism results in a

Loading a cavity-backed slot (CBS) antenna with ferrite material and applying a biasing static magnetic field can be used to control its resonant frequency. Such a mechanism results in a frequency reconfigurable antenna. However, placing a lossy ferrite material inside the cavity can reduce the gain or negatively impact the impedance bandwidth. This thesis develops guidelines, based on a non-uniform applied magnetic field and non-uniform magnetic field internal to the ferrite specimen, for the design of ferrite-loaded CBS antennas which enhance their gain and tunable bandwidth by shaping the ferrite specimen and judiciously locating it within the cavity. To achieve these objectives, it is necessary to examine the influence of the shape and relative location of the ferrite material, and also the proximity of the ferrite specimen from the probe on the DC magnetic field and RF electric field distributions inside the cavity. The geometry of the probe and its impacts on figures-of-merit of the antenna is of interest as well. Two common cavity backed-slot antennas (rectangular and circular cross-section) were designed, and corresponding simulations and measurements were performed and compared. The cavities were mounted on 30 cm $\times$ 30 cm perfect electric conductor (PEC) ground planes and partially loaded with ferrite material. The ferrites were biased with an external magnetic field produced by either an electromagnet or permanent magnets. Simulations were performed using FEM-based commercial software, Ansys' Maxwell 3D and HFSS. Maxwell 3D is utilized to model the non-uniform DC applied magnetic field and non-uniform magnetic field internal to the ferrite specimen; HFSS however, is used to simulate and obtain the RF characteristics of the antenna. To validate the simulations they were compared with measurements performed in ASU's EM Anechoic Chamber. After many examinations using simulations and measurements, some optimal designs guidelines with respect to the gain, return loss and tunable impedance bandwidth, were obtained and recommended for ferrite-loaded CBS antennas.

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  • 2013

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Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline nickel-zinc spinel ferrite thin films using the spin-spray deposition method

Description

The overall objective of this project is to optimize the development of magnetic ferrite thin films targeted for enabling low-loss broadband communication devices, miniaturized low-microwave inductors and electromagnetic noise suppressors.

The overall objective of this project is to optimize the development of magnetic ferrite thin films targeted for enabling low-loss broadband communication devices, miniaturized low-microwave inductors and electromagnetic noise suppressors. The focus of this objective is to design and build a reactor and improve the spin-spray process. Each film is then characterized and optimized to have a high permeability and high frequency in the range of 500 MHz - 3 GHz. Films produced by the µ-droplet deposition regime yields a higher Snoek's product than the continuous liquid layer regime. The highest Snoek's product occurs when it is deposited at an oxidant pH of 8.28. The Ni-Zn-Co ferrite magnetic domains were imaged using the Lorentz TEM in which multi-grain domains are experimentally observed for the first time.

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  • 2013