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Poincare Embeddings for Visualizing Eigenvector Centrality

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Hyperbolic geometry, which is a geometry which concerns itself with hyperbolic space, has caught the eye of certain circles in the machine learning community as of late. Lauded for its

Hyperbolic geometry, which is a geometry which concerns itself with hyperbolic space, has caught the eye of certain circles in the machine learning community as of late. Lauded for its ability to encapsulate strong clustering as well as latent hierarchies in complex and social networks, hyperbolic geometry has proven itself to be an enduring presence in the network science community throughout the 2010s, with no signs of fading into obscurity anytime soon. Hyperbolic embeddings, which map a given graph to hyperbolic space, have particularly proven to be a powerful and dynamic tool for studying complex networks. Hyperbolic embeddings are exploited in this thesis to illustrate centrality in a graph. In network science, centrality quantifies the influence of individual nodes in a graph. Eigenvector centrality is one type of such measure, and assigns an influence weight to each node in a graph by solving for an eigenvector equation. A procedure is defined to embed a given network in a model of hyperbolic space, known as the Poincare disk, according to the influence weights computed by three eigenvector centrality measures: the PageRank algorithm, the Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search (HITS) algorithm, and the Pinski-Narin algorithm. The resulting embeddings are shown to accurately and meaningfully reflect each node's influence and proximity to influential nodes.

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  • 2020