Matching Items (3)

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Synthesis, characterizations and applications of mesoporous carbon composites

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This dissertation provides a fundamental understanding of the properties of mesoporous carbon based materials and the utilization of those properties into different applications such as electrodes materials for super capacitors,

This dissertation provides a fundamental understanding of the properties of mesoporous carbon based materials and the utilization of those properties into different applications such as electrodes materials for super capacitors, adsorbents for water treatments and biosensors. The thickness of mesoporous carbon films on Si substrates are measured by Ellipsometry method and pore size distribution has been calculated by Kelvin equation based on toluene adsorption and desorption isotherms monitored by Ellipsometer. The addition of organometallics cobalt and vanalyl acetylacetonate in the synthesis precursor leads to the metal oxides in the carbon framework, which largely decreased the shrink of the framework during carbonization, resulting in an increase in the average pore size. In addition to the structural changes, the introduction of metal oxides into mesoporous carbon framework greatly enhances the electrochemical performance as a result of their pseudocapacitance. Also, after the addition of Co into the framework, the contraction of mesoporous powders decreased significantly and the capacitance increased prominently because of the solidification function of CoO nanoparticles. When carbon-cobalt composites are used as adsorbent, the adsorption capacity of dye pollutant in water is remarkably higher (90 mg/g) after adding Co than the mesoporous carbon powder (2 mg/g). Furthermore, the surface area and pore size of mesoporous composites can be greatly increased by addition of tetraethyl orthosilicate into the precursor with subsequent etching, which leads to a dramatic increase in the adsorption capacity from 90 mg/g up to 1151 mg/g. When used as electrode materials for amperometric biosensors, mesoporous carbons showed good sensitivity, selectivity and stability. And fluorine-free and low-cost poly (methacrylate)s have been developed as binders for screen printed biosensors. With using only 5wt% of poly (hydroxybutyl methacrylate), the glucose sensor maintained mechanical integrity and exhibited excellent sensitivity on detecting glucose level in whole rabbit blood. Furthermore, extremely high surface area mesoporous carbons have been synthesized by introducing inorganic Si precursor during self-assembly, which effectively determined norepinephrine at very low concentrations.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2012

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Feasibility Design of a Continuous Insulin Sensor from Lessons Learned using Glucose Sensors, and Point of Care Insulin Sensors

Description

Glucose sensors have had many paradigm shifts, beginning with using urine, to point of care blood, now being approved for implant. This review covers various aspects of the sensors, ranging

Glucose sensors have had many paradigm shifts, beginning with using urine, to point of care blood, now being approved for implant. This review covers various aspects of the sensors, ranging from the types of surface chemistry, and electron transduction. All the way to the algorithms, and filters used to alter and understand the signal being transduced. Focus is given to Dr. Hellerâ’s work using redox mediators, as well as Dr. Sode in his advances for direct electron transfer. Simple process of designing sensors are described, as well as the possible errors that may come with glucose sensor use. Finally, a small window into the future trends of glucose sensors is described both from a device view point, as well as organic viewpoint. Using this history the initial point of care sensor for insulin published through LaBelle’s lab is reevaluated critically. In addition, the modeling of the possibility of continuously measuring insulin is researched. To better understand the design for a continuous glucose sensor, the basic kinetic model is set up, and ran through a design of experiments to then optimized what the binding kinetics for an ideal insulin molecular recognition element would be. In addition, the phenomena of two electrochemical impedance spectroscopy peaks is analyzed, and two theories are suggests, and demonstrated to a modest level.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018

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Non-invasive method to detect the changes of glucose concentration in whole blood using photometric technique

Description

A noninvasive optical method is developed to monitor rapid changes in blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. The system depends on an optical cell built with a LED that emits

A noninvasive optical method is developed to monitor rapid changes in blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. The system depends on an optical cell built with a LED that emits light of wavelength 535nm that is a peak absorbance of hemoglobin. As the glucose concentration in the blood decreases, its osmolarity also decreases and the RBCs swell and decrease the path length absorption coefficient. Decreasing absorption coefficient increases the transmission of light through the whole blood. The system was tested with a constructed optical cell that held whole blood in a capillary tube. As expected the light transmitted to the photodiode increases with decreasing glucose concentration. The average response time of the system was between 30-40 seconds. The changes in size of the RBC cells in response to glucose concentration changes were confirmed using a cell counter and also visually under microscope. This method does not allow measuring the glucose concentration with an absolute concentration calibration. It is directed towards development of a device to monitor the changes in glucose concentration as an aid to diabetic management. This method might be improvised for precision and resolution and be developed as a ring or an earring that patients can wear.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2013