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Study to find out the optimum number of transparent covers and refractive index for the best performance of sunearth solar water heater using Matlab software

Description

Research was conducted to observe the effect of Number of Transparent Covers and Refractive Index on performance of a domestic Solar Water heating system. The enhancement of efficiency for solar

Research was conducted to observe the effect of Number of Transparent Covers and Refractive Index on performance of a domestic Solar Water heating system. The enhancement of efficiency for solar thermal system is an emerging challenge. The knowledge gained from this research will enable to optimize the number of transparent covers and refractive index prior to develop a solar water heater with improved optical efficiency and thermal efficiency for the collector. Numerical simulation is conducted on the performance of the liquid flat plate collector for July 21st and October 21st from 8 am to 4 pm with different refractive index values 1.1, 1.4, 1.7 and different numbers of transparent covers (0-3). In order to accomplish the proposed method the formulation and solutions are executed using simple software MATLAB. The result demonstrates efficiency of flat plate collector increases with the increase of number of covers. The performance of collector decreases when refractive index is higher. The improved useful heat gain is obtained when number of cover used is 3 and refractive index is 1.1.

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  • 2015

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Performance analysis of solar assisted domestic hot water system

Description

Testing was conducted for a solar assisted water heater and conventional all electric water heater for the purpose of investigating the advantages of utilizing solar energy to heat up water.

Testing was conducted for a solar assisted water heater and conventional all electric water heater for the purpose of investigating the advantages of utilizing solar energy to heat up water. The testing conducted simulated a four person household living in the Phoenix, Arizona region. With sensors and a weather station, data was gathered and analyzed for the water heaters. Performance patterns were observed that correlated to ambient conditions and functionality of the solar assisted water heater. This helped better understand how the solar water heater functioned and how it may continue to function. The testing for the solar assisted water heater was replicated with the all-electric water heater. One to one analyzes was conducted for comparison. The efficiency and advantages were displayed by the solar assisted water heater having a 61% efficiency. Performance parameters were calculated for the solar assisted water heater and it showed how accurate certified standards are. The results showed 8% difference in performance, but differed in energy savings. This further displayed the effects of uncontrollable ambient conditions and the effects of different testing conditions.

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  • 2016

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Development of automated solar tracker for a solar concentrating water heater with phase change energy storage

Description

With the need to address the world's growing energy demand, many new

alternative and renewable energy sources are being researched and developed. Many

of these technologies are in their infancy, still being

With the need to address the world's growing energy demand, many new

alternative and renewable energy sources are being researched and developed. Many

of these technologies are in their infancy, still being too inefficient or too costly to

implement on a large scale. This list of alternative energies include biofuels,

geothermal power, solar energy, wind energy and hydroelectric power. This thesis

focuses on developing a concentrating solar thermal energy unit for the application

of an on-demand hot water system with phase change material. This system already

has a prototype constructed and needs refinement in several areas in order to

increase its efficiency to determine if the system could ever reach a point of

feasibility in a residential application. Having put additional control refining

systems on the solar water heat collector, it can be deduced that the efficiency has

increased. However, due to limited testing and analysis it is undetermined just how

much the efficiency of the system has increased. At minimum, the capabilities of the

research platform have dramatically increased, allowing future research to more

accurately study the dynamics of the system as well as conduct studies in more

targeted areas of engineering. In this aspect, the thesis was successful.

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  • 2016