Matching Items (5)

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Context-aware adaptive hybrid semantic relatedness in biomedical science

Description

Text mining of biomedical literature and clinical notes is a very active field of research in biomedical science. Semantic analysis is one of the core modules for different Natural Language

Text mining of biomedical literature and clinical notes is a very active field of research in biomedical science. Semantic analysis is one of the core modules for different Natural Language Processing (NLP) solutions. Methods for calculating semantic relatedness of two concepts can be very useful in solutions solving different problems such as relationship extraction, ontology creation and question / answering [1–6]. Several techniques exist in calculating semantic relatedness of two concepts. These techniques utilize different knowledge sources and corpora. So far, researchers attempted to find the best hybrid method for each domain by combining semantic relatedness techniques and data sources manually. In this work, attempts were made to eliminate the needs for manually combining semantic relatedness methods targeting any new contexts or resources through proposing an automated method, which attempted to find the best combination of semantic relatedness techniques and resources to achieve the best semantic relatedness score in every context. This may help the research community find the best hybrid method for each context considering the available algorithms and resources.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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Semantic feature extraction for narrative analysis

Description

A story is defined as "an actor(s) taking action(s) that culminates in a resolution(s)''. I present novel sets of features to facilitate story detection among text via supervised classification and

A story is defined as "an actor(s) taking action(s) that culminates in a resolution(s)''. I present novel sets of features to facilitate story detection among text via supervised classification and further reveal different forms within stories via unsupervised clustering. First, I investigate the utility of a new set of semantic features compared to standard keyword features combined with statistical features, such as density of part-of-speech (POS) tags and named entities, to develop a story classifier. The proposed semantic features are based on triplets that can be extracted using a shallow parser. Experimental results show that a model of memory-based semantic linguistic features alongside statistical features achieves better accuracy. Next, I further improve the performance of story detection with a novel algorithm which aggregates the triplets producing generalized concepts and relations. A major challenge in automated text analysis is that different words are used for related concepts. Analyzing text at the surface level would treat related concepts (i.e. actors, actions, targets, and victims) as different objects, potentially missing common narrative patterns. The algorithm clusters triplets into generalized concepts by utilizing syntactic criteria based on common contexts and semantic corpus-based statistical criteria based on "contextual synonyms''. Generalized concepts representation of text (1) overcomes surface level differences (which arise when different keywords are used for related concepts) without drift, (2) leads to a higher-level semantic network representation of related stories, and (3) when used as features, they yield a significant (36%) boost in performance for the story detection task. Finally, I implement co-clustering based on generalized concepts/relations to automatically detect story forms. Overlapping generalized concepts and relationships correspond to archetypes/targets and actions that characterize story forms. I perform co-clustering of stories using standard unigrams/bigrams and generalized concepts. I show that the residual error of factorization with concept-based features is significantly lower than the error with standard keyword-based features. I also present qualitative evaluations by a subject matter expert, which suggest that concept-based features yield more coherent, distinctive and interesting story forms compared to those produced by using standard keyword-based features.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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Story detection using generalized concepts

Description

A major challenge in automated text analysis is that different words are used for related concepts. Analyzing text at the surface level would treat related concepts (i.e. actors, actions, targets,

A major challenge in automated text analysis is that different words are used for related concepts. Analyzing text at the surface level would treat related concepts (i.e. actors, actions, targets, and victims) as different objects, potentially missing common narrative patterns. Generalized concepts are used to overcome this problem. Generalization may result into word sense disambiguation failing to find similarity. This is addressed by taking into account contextual synonyms. Concept discovery based on contextual synonyms reveal information about the semantic roles of the words leading to concepts. Merger engine generalize the concepts so that it can be used as features in learning algorithms.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015

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A study of text mining framework for automated classification of software requirements in enterprise systems

Description

Text Classification is a rapidly evolving area of Data Mining while Requirements Engineering is a less-explored area of Software Engineering which deals the process of defining, documenting and maintaining a

Text Classification is a rapidly evolving area of Data Mining while Requirements Engineering is a less-explored area of Software Engineering which deals the process of defining, documenting and maintaining a software system's requirements. When researchers decided to blend these two streams in, there was research on automating the process of classification of software requirements statements into categories easily comprehensible for developers for faster development and delivery, which till now was mostly done manually by software engineers - indeed a tedious job. However, most of the research was focused on classification of Non-functional requirements pertaining to intangible features such as security, reliability, quality and so on. It is indeed a challenging task to automatically classify functional requirements, those pertaining to how the system will function, especially those belonging to different and large enterprise systems. This requires exploitation of text mining capabilities. This thesis aims to investigate results of text classification applied on functional software requirements by creating a framework in R and making use of algorithms and techniques like k-nearest neighbors, support vector machine, and many others like boosting, bagging, maximum entropy, neural networks and random forests in an ensemble approach. The study was conducted by collecting and visualizing relevant enterprise data manually classified previously and subsequently used for training the model. Key components for training included frequency of terms in the documents and the level of cleanliness of data. The model was applied on test data and validated for analysis, by studying and comparing parameters like precision, recall and accuracy.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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A tool for threading, organizing and presenting emails using a web interface

Description

The overall contribution of the Minerva Initiative at ASU is to map social organizations in a multidimensional space that provides a measure of their radical or counter radical influence over

The overall contribution of the Minerva Initiative at ASU is to map social organizations in a multidimensional space that provides a measure of their radical or counter radical influence over the demographics of a nation. This tool serves as a simple content management system to store and track project resources like documents, images, videos and web links. It provides centralized and secure access to email conversations among project team members. Conversations are categorized into one of the seven pre-defined categories. Each category is associated with a certain set of keywords and we follow a frequency based approach for matching email conversations with the categories. The interface is hosted as a web application which can be accessed by the project team.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2012