Matching Items (2)
- All Subjects: Electronic mail systems--Security measures.
- Genre: Masters Thesis
- Creators: Ahn, Gail-Joon
- Creators: Wright, Jeremy
- Member of: ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
- Member of: Theses and Dissertations
- Status: Published
E-Mail header injection vulnerability is a class of vulnerability that can occur in web applications that use user input to construct e-mail messages. E-Mail injection is possible when the mailing script fails to check for the presence of e-mail headers in user input (either form fields or URL parameters). The vulnerability exists in the reference implementation of the built-in “mail” functionality in popular languages like PHP, Java, Python, and Ruby. With the proper injection string, this vulnerability can be exploited to inject additional headers and/or modify existing headers in an e-mail message, allowing an attacker to completely alter the content of the e-mail.
This thesis develops a scalable mechanism to automatically detect E-Mail Header Injection vulnerability and uses this mechanism to quantify the prevalence of E- Mail Header Injection vulnerabilities on the Internet. Using a black-box testing approach, the system crawled 21,675,680 URLs to find URLs which contained form fields. 6,794,917 such forms were found by the system, of which 1,132,157 forms contained e-mail fields. The system used this data feed to discern the forms that could be fuzzed with malicious payloads. Amongst the 934,016 forms tested, 52,724 forms were found to be injectable with more malicious payloads. The system tested 46,156 of these and was able to find 496 vulnerable URLs across 222 domains, which proves that the threat is widespread and deserves future research attention.
Corporations invest considerable resources to create, preserve and analyze
their data; yet while organizations are interested in protecting against
unauthorized data transfer, there lacks a comprehensive metric to discriminate
what data are at risk of leaking.
This thesis motivates the need for a quantitative leakage risk metric, and
provides a risk assessment system, called Whispers, for computing it. Using
unsupervised machine learning techniques, Whispers uncovers themes in an
organization's document corpus, including previously unknown or unclassified
data. Then, by correlating the document with its authors, Whispers can
identify which data are easier to contain, and conversely which are at risk.
Using the Enron email database, Whispers constructs a social network segmented
by topic themes. This graph uncovers communication channels within the
organization. Using this social network, Whispers determines the risk of each
topic by measuring the rate at which simulated leaks are not detected. For the
Enron set, Whispers identified 18 separate topic themes between January 1999
and December 2000. The highest risk data emanated from the legal department
with a leakage risk as high as 60%.