Optimization of surgical operations is a challenging managerial problem for surgical suite directors. This dissertation presents modeling and solution techniques for operating room (OR) planning and scheduling problems. First, several sequencing and patient appointment time setting heuristics are proposed for scheduling an Outpatient Procedure Center. A discrete event simulation model is used to evaluate how scheduling heuristics perform with respect to the competing criteria of expected patient waiting time and expected surgical suite overtime for a single day compared to current practice. Next, a bi-criteria Genetic Algorithm is used to determine if better solutions can be obtained for this single day scheduling problem. The efficacy of the bi-criteria Genetic Algorithm, when surgeries are allowed to be moved to other days, is investigated. Numerical experiments based on real data from a large health care provider are presented. The analysis provides insight into the best scheduling heuristics, and the tradeoff between patient and health care provider based criteria. Second, a multi-stage stochastic mixed integer programming formulation for the allocation of surgeries to ORs over a finite planning horizon is studied. The demand for surgery and surgical duration are random variables. The objective is to minimize two competing criteria: expected surgery cancellations and OR overtime. A decomposition method, Progressive Hedging, is implemented to find near optimal surgery plans. Finally, properties of the model are discussed and methods are proposed to improve the performance of the algorithm based on the special structure of the model. It is found simple rules can improve schedules used in practice. Sequencing surgeries from the longest to shortest mean duration causes high expected overtime, and should be avoided, while sequencing from the shortest to longest mean duration performed quite well in our experiments. Expending greater computational effort with more sophisticated optimization methods does not lead to substantial improvements. However, controlling daily procedure mix may achieve substantial improvements in performance. A novel stochastic programming model for a dynamic surgery planning problem is proposed in the dissertation. The efficacy of the progressive hedging algorithm is investigated. It is found there is a significant correlation between the performance of the algorithm and type and number of scenario bundles in a problem instance. The computational time spent to solve scenario subproblems is among the most significant factors that impact the performance of the algorithm. The quality of the solutions can be improved by detecting and preventing cyclical behaviors.