Inflammation is part of the body’s response to invading pathogens, injury, and a wide range of diseases. Although inflammation is paramount to maintain a healthy immune system, unregulated inflammation can aggravate chronic conditions or cause severe, acute pathologies. Pyroptosis, a caspase-1-dependent, pro-inflammatory cell death that results in the release of IL-1β and IL-18, has been implicated in propagating an inflammatory response in the body. Pyroptosis has been shown to result from the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Furthermore, multiple reports have demonstrated that intracellular potassium efflux and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) activity are both essential for facilitating the assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome and proper processing and release of IL-1β and IL-18. The focus of this thesis was to determine the relationship between intracellular potassium efflux and Syk during key regulatory events in the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome by identifying their effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine release, inflammasome assembly, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mROS) generation, and cell death. Both inhibiting potassium efflux from occurring and deactivating Syk significantly reduced the amount of pro-inflammatory cytokine released (70-100% reduction), the number of inflammasomes assembled (60-80% reduction), the amount of mROS generation, and the quantity of cell death (50-90% reduction). Moreover, it was discovered that potassium efflux was required for Syk activation, but Syk activation had no effect on potassium efflux. Their relationship proved to be unidirectional. This study provides the first demonstration of ion flux-dependent regulation of kinase activation in the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and provides support for targeting ion regulation mechanisms and Syk kinase activity to manipulate macrophage-mediate inflammatory processes.