The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 was created as an overhaul of the US Healthcare system with a goal of getting all American citizens and legal residents healthcare that was both affordable and of good quality. Now almost a year removed from it going into effect, this study looks to determine how the ACA has worked in getting individuals who were previously uninsured and required charitable-based healthcare into health insurance programs within a small population in Arizona. This study evaluates the type of insurance program, the quality and ease of access of the care, and the general affordability of the healthcare. This study found that 75% of individuals surveyed had gained health insurance in the last year, with 95% expecting to be insured for 2015. The large majority rated the quality of their care and the accessibility of it as good, with corresponding increased use of primary care providers as a health resource. The affordability of the care was still a major issue for those who were found to be uninsured and for those who were insured. Despite affordability issues, self-reported measures of general health and access to care were reported by the majority of respondents to have improved over the last 12 months.