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Developing a Flexible Electric and Magnetic Field Imaging Blanket

Description

Recently, electric and magnetic field sensing has come of interest to the military for a variety of applications, including imaging circuitry and detecting explosive devices. This thesis describes research at the ASU's Flexible Electronics and Display Center (FEDC) towards the

Recently, electric and magnetic field sensing has come of interest to the military for a variety of applications, including imaging circuitry and detecting explosive devices. This thesis describes research at the ASU's Flexible Electronics and Display Center (FEDC) towards the development of a flexible electric and magnetic field imaging blanket. D-dot sensors, which detect changes in electric flux, were chosen for electric field sensing, and a single D-dot sensor in combination with a lock-in amplifier was used to detect individuals passing through an oscillating electric field. This was then developed into a 1 x 16 array of D-dot sensors used to image the field generated by two parallel wires. After the fabrication of a two-dimensional array, it was discovered that commercial field effect transistors did not have a high enough off-resistance to isolate the sensor form the column line. Three alternative solutions were proposed. The first was a one-dimensional array combined with a mechanical stepper to move the array across the E-field pattern. The second was a 1 x 16 strip detector combined with the techniques of computed tomography to reconstruct the image of the field. Such techniques include filtered back projection and algebraic iterative reconstruction (AIR). Lastly, an array of D-dot sensors was fabricated on a flexible substrate, enabled by the high off-resistance of the thin film transistors produced by the FEDC. The research on magnetic field imaging began with a feasibility study of three different types of magnetic field sensors: planar spiral inductors, Hall effect sensors, and giant magnetoresistance (GMR). An experimental array of these sensors was designed and fabricated, and the sensors were used to image the fringe fields of a Helmholtz coil. Furthermore, combining the inductors with the other two types of sensors resulted in three-dimensional sensors. From these measurements, it was determined that planar spiral inductors and Hall effect sensors are best suited for future imaging arrays.

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Date Created
2015-05

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Electric Field Sensing

Description

This project examines the science of electric field sensing and completes experiments, gathering data to support its utility for various applications. The basic system consists of a transmitter, receiver, and lock-in amplifier. The primary goal of the study was to

This project examines the science of electric field sensing and completes experiments, gathering data to support its utility for various applications. The basic system consists of a transmitter, receiver, and lock-in amplifier. The primary goal of the study was to determine if such a system could detect a human disturbance, due to the capacitance of a human body, and such a thesis was supported. Much different results were obtained when a person disturbed the electric field transmitted by the system than when other types of objects, such as chairs and electronic devices, were placed in the field. In fact, there was a distinct difference between persons of varied sizes as well. This thesis goes through the basic design of the system and the process of experimental design for determining the capabilities of such an electric field sensing system.

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Date Created
2013-05