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Investigation of User Interface Theory

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The quality of user interface designs largely depends on the aptitude of the designer. The ability to generate mental abstract models and characterize a target user audience helps greatly when conceiving a design. The dry cleaning point-of-sale industry lacks quality

The quality of user interface designs largely depends on the aptitude of the designer. The ability to generate mental abstract models and characterize a target user audience helps greatly when conceiving a design. The dry cleaning point-of-sale industry lacks quality user interface designs. These impaired interfaces were compared with textbook design techniques to discover how applicable published interface design concepts are in practice. Four variations of a software package were deployed to end users. Each variation contained different design techniques. Surveyed users responded positively to interface design practices that were consistent and easy to learn. This followed textbook expectations. Users however responded poorly to customization options, an important feature according to textbook material. The study made conservative changes to the four interface variations provided to end-users. A more liberal approach may have yielded additional results.

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2014-05

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Sensor placement and graphical user interface for photovoltaic array monitoring system

Description

With increased usage of green energy, the number of photovoltaic arrays used in power generation is increasing rapidly. Many of the arrays are located at remote locations where faults that occur within the array often go unnoticed and unattended for

With increased usage of green energy, the number of photovoltaic arrays used in power generation is increasing rapidly. Many of the arrays are located at remote locations where faults that occur within the array often go unnoticed and unattended for large periods of time. Technicians sent to rectify the faults have to spend a large amount of time determining the location of the fault manually. Automated monitoring systems are needed to obtain the information about the performance of the array and detect faults. Such systems must monitor the DC side of the array in addition to the AC side to identify non catastrophic faults. This thesis focuses on two of the requirements for DC side monitoring of an automated PV array monitoring system. The first part of the thesis quantifies the advantages of obtaining higher resolution data from a PV array on detection of faults. Data for the monitoring system can be gathered for the array as a whole or from additional places within the array such as individual modules and end of strings. The fault detection rate and the false positive rates are compared for array level, string level and module level PV data. Monte Carlo simulations are performed using PV array models developed in Simulink and MATLAB for fault and no fault cases. The second part describes a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be used to visualize the PV array for module level monitoring system information. A demonstration GUI is built in MATLAB using data obtained from a PV array test facility in Tempe, AZ. Visualizations are implemented to display information about the array as a whole or individual modules and locate faults in the array.

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2012