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Effects of Environmental Conditions on Pyocyanin Production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Description

Pyocyanin is a pigment produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa that acts as a virulence factor in helping this pathogen to establish chronic infection in the lungs of persons with cystic fibrosis

Pyocyanin is a pigment produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa that acts as a virulence factor in helping this pathogen to establish chronic infection in the lungs of persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). Then, as lung infections become chronic, P. aeruginosa tends to down-regulate pyocyanin production. The effects of environmental conditions, particularly temperature change, on pyocyanin production in P. aeruginosa has not been widely studied in the past. The goals of this project were twofold: First, we aim to identify how environmental conditions potentially present in the CF lungs affect pyocyanin pigment production in P. aeruginosa. Second, through the examination of effects of environmental changes, we aim to identify methods to modulate phenotypes of P. aeruginosa in order to identify putative biomarkers through metabolic analysis. This paper also identifies a newly derived pyocyanin culturing and extraction procedure that yields increased sensitivity for pyocyanin detection.
Through a liquid-liquid extraction procedure, pyocyanin was quantified in cultures that were incubated at 30°C, 37°C, and 40°C and in the presence of Staphylococcus aureus spent media. In addition, culturing methods for the measurement of pyocyanin under hypoxic conditions were analyzed. I hypothesized that environmental conditions such as temperature, co-infection with S. aureus, and oxygen depletion would influence pyocyanin production. It was found that overall, 30°C incubation produced statistically significant decrease in pyocyanin production compared with incubation at 37°C. These findings will help to determine how phenotypes are affected by conditions in the CF lung. In addition, these conclusions will help direct metabolic analysis and to identify volatile biomarkers of pyocyanin production for future use in breath-based diagnostics of CF lung infections.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-12

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P. aeruginosa Biofilm Inhibition and Dispersion by Peptide and Synbody Treatment

Description

Bacteria with antibiotic resistance are becoming a growing concern as the number of infections they are causing continue to increase. Many potential solutions are being researched in order to combat

Bacteria with antibiotic resistance are becoming a growing concern as the number of infections they are causing continue to increase. Many potential solutions are being researched in order to combat these pathogens. One such microbe is Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which causes acute and chronic human infections. It frequently colonizes the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients and is deadly. For these reasons, P. aeruginosa has been heavily studied in order to determine a solution to antibiotic resistance. One possible solution is the development of synbodies, which have been developed at the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University. Synbodies are constructed from peptides that have antibacterial activity and were determined to have specificity for a target bacterium. These synbodies were tested in this study to determine whether or not some of them are able to inhibit P. aeruginosa growth. P. aeruginosa can also form multicellular communities called biofilms and these are known to cause approximately 65% of all human infections. After conducting minimum inhibitory assays, the efficacy of certain peptides and synbodies against biofilm inhibition was assessed. A recent study has shown that low concentrations of a specific peptide can cause biofilm disruption, where the biofilm structure breaks apart and the cells within it disperse into the supernatant. Taking into account this study and peptide data regarding biofilm inhibition from Dr. Aurélie Crabbé’s lab, screened peptides were tested against biofilm to see if dispersion would occur.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2015-05