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Evaluating the viability of a DNA-based chip targeted for C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, and other pathogens of interest

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Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and chlamydia, standardly treated with antibiotics, produce over 1.2 million cases annually in the emergency department (Jenkins et al., 2013). To determine a need for antibiotics, hospital labs utilize bacterial cultures to isolate and identify

Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and chlamydia, standardly treated with antibiotics, produce over 1.2 million cases annually in the emergency department (Jenkins et al., 2013). To determine a need for antibiotics, hospital labs utilize bacterial cultures to isolate and identify possible pathogens. Unfortunately, this technique can take up to 72 hours, leading to several physicians presumptively treating patients based solely on history and physical presentation. With vague standards for diagnosis and a high percentage of asymptomatic carriers, several patients undergo two scenarios; over- or under-treatment. These two scenarios can lead to consequences like unnecessary exposure to antibiotics and development of secondary conditions (for example: pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, etc.). This presents a need for a laboratory technique that can provide reliable results in an efficient matter. The viability of DNA-based chip targeted for C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, and other pathogens of interest were evaluated. The DNA-based chip presented several advantages as it can be easily integrated as a routine test given the process is already well-known, is customizable and able to target multiple pathogens within a single test and has the potential to return results within a few hours as opposed to days. As such, implementation of a DNA-based chip as a diagnostic tool is a timely and potentially impactful investigation.

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2016-12

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The Application of a Novel Microbial Sensor on Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Growth Monitoring

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Precision agriculture (PA) integrating information technology arouses broad interests and has been extensively studied to increase crop production and quality. Sensor probe technology, as one of the PA technologies, provides people with accurate real-time data, which has become an essential

Precision agriculture (PA) integrating information technology arouses broad interests and has been extensively studied to increase crop production and quality. Sensor probe technology, as one of the PA technologies, provides people with accurate real-time data, which has become an essential part of precision agriculture. Herein a novel microbial sensor probe (MiProbE) is applied to monitor and study the growth of tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in real-time at germination and seedling stages. The result showed the raw Miprobe signals present day/night cycles. Alginate-coated probes effectively avoided signal response failure and were more sensitive to the treatments than uncoated probes. The probe signals from successfully germinated tomato seeds and non-germinated seeds were different, and the signal curve of the probe was closely related to the growth conditions of tomato seedlings. Specifically, the rising period of the probe signals coincided with the normal growth period of tomato seedlings. All probes exhibited sudden increases in signal strength after nutrient treatments; however, subsequent probe signals behaved differently: algae extract-treated probe signals maintained a high strength after the treatments; chemical fertilizer-treated probe signals decreased earlier after the treatments; chemical fertilizers and algae extract-treated probe signals also maintained a higher strength after the treatments. Moreover, the relationship between ash-free dry weight and the signal curve indicated that the signal strength positively correlates with the dry weight, although other biological activities can affect the probe signal at the same time. Further study is still needed to investigate the relationship between plant biomass and Miprobe signal.

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2021