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Integrating Purchasing and Contract Law in Supply Chain Management Education

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Having studied at Arizona State University and the W.P. Carey School of Business through approximately 7 semesters of undergraduate business coursework, I, along with my classmates, have learned an incredible amount of knowledge critical for success in a career in

Having studied at Arizona State University and the W.P. Carey School of Business through approximately 7 semesters of undergraduate business coursework, I, along with my classmates, have learned an incredible amount of knowledge critical for success in a career in business administration. We have been provided the resources and tools necessary to excel in full time business careers, implement new ideas, and innovate and improve preexisting business networks as driven, motivated business intellectuals. Additionally, having worked in four diverse business internships throughout my undergraduate career, I have come to understand the importance of understanding and studying law and contracts as they relate to business. In all of those internships, I worked extensively with a variety of contracts and agreements, all serving critical purposes within each individual line of business. Within supply chain management studies and jobs, I found contracts to be of utmost importance for students to understand prior to entering a full time job or internship. Students study a wide variety of topics during their education within the Supply Chain Management department at Arizona State University. In procurement and purchasing classes specifically, students cover topics from supplier negotiation strategies to sourcing and sustainability. These topics engage students of all backgrounds and offer exceptional knowledge and insight for those seeking a full time job within supply chain management. What is interestingly so often excluded from such lectures is discussion with regards to the contracts and laws pertinent to purchasing and supply management success. As most procurement and sourcing professionals know, contracts are the basis for all agreements that a company and supplier may engage in. A critical component within the careers of supply managers, contract law provides the foundation for any agreement. Thus, the necessity for a discussion on how to best integrate purchasing and contract law into undergraduate supply chain management education, including depicting the material that should be covered, is permitted. In my Honors Thesis, I have decided to create an informative lecture and outline that can be readily understood by undergraduate students in supply chain management courses, at the benefit of professors and lecturers who wish to utilize and incorporate the material in their classroom. The content consists of information recommended by industry professionals, relevant real-life procurement and contract law examples and scenarios, and universal and common law relevant to contracts and purchasing agreements within the workplace. All of these topics are meant to prepare students for careers and internships within supply chain management, and are topics I have found lack current discussion at the university level. Additionally, as a part of my Honors Thesis, I was given the opportunity to provide a cohesive lecture and present the topics herein in SCM 355 Purchasing classes. This was an opportunity to present to students topics that I feel are currently underrepresented in college courses, and that are beneficial for business students to learn and fully understand. Topics discussed in this interactive lecture and slideshow extracted information from the lecture template.

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Date Created
2017-12

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Boilerplate: the Unread Terms and Agreements

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Modern Americans ignorantly live under a blanket of unread terms, conditions, and binding contracts. Often, these contracts (mostly associated with products and services) come and go with little effect. Periodically, the products or services cause the consumer harm, leading them

Modern Americans ignorantly live under a blanket of unread terms, conditions, and binding contracts. Often, these contracts (mostly associated with products and services) come and go with little effect. Periodically, the products or services cause the consumer harm, leading them to seek repair. The consumer then realizes that all the fine print they failed to read makes an impactful legal difference. This paper analyzes the work of Professor Radin through her book, Boilerplate. It goes on to explore many other arguments presented by contract theorists and makes substantial claims regarding the dangers of boilerplate (unread terms and conditions).

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Agent

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Date Created
2015-05

Modeling Success through the NFL Salary Cap

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In the early years of the National Football League, scouting and roster development resembled the wild west. Drafts were held in hotel ballrooms the day after the last game of regular season college football was played. There was no combine,

In the early years of the National Football League, scouting and roster development resembled the wild west. Drafts were held in hotel ballrooms the day after the last game of regular season college football was played. There was no combine, limited scouting, and no salary cap. Over time, these aspects have changed dramatically, in part due to key figures from Pete Rozelle to Gil Brandt to Bill Belichick. The development and learning from this time period have laid the foundational infrastructure that modern roster construction is based upon. In this modern day, managing a team and putting together a roster involves numerous people, intense scouting, layers of technology, and, critically, the management of the salary cap. Since it was first put into place in 1994, managing the cap has become an essential element of building and sustaining a successful team. The New England Patriots’ mastery of the cap is a large part of what enabled their dynastic run over the past twenty years. While their model has undoubtedly proven to be successful, an opposing model has become increasingly popular and yielded results of its own. Both models center around different distributions of the salary cap, starting with the portion paid to the starting quarterback. The Patriots dynasty was, in part, made possible due to their use of both models over the course of their dominance. Drafting, organizational culture, and coaching are all among the numerous critical factors in determining a team’s success and it becomes difficult to pinpoint the true source of success for any given team. Ultimately, however, effective management of the cap proves to be a force multiplier; it does not guarantee that a team will be successful, but it helps teams that handle the other variables well sustain their success.

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2021-05

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Essays on medical quality measurement and contract theory

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This dissertation consists of three essays. The first essay studies quality increases in the medical sector. A large and growing share of income is spent on medical goods and services each year. Existing measures of the price and quantity of

This dissertation consists of three essays. The first essay studies quality increases in the medical sector. A large and growing share of income is spent on medical goods and services each year. Existing measures of the price and quantity of medical goods and services do not take changes in quality into account. Ample micro evidence suggests the quality of medical goods and services has, in fact, improved over time. This essay estimates changes in medical quality at the aggregate level. To do so, this essay develops and estimates a dynamic structural model of the demand for medical purchases. The main result of this essay is that the quality of medical goods and services has increased by 2.2 percent per year between 1996 and 2007. One implication is that, after adjusting for changes in medical quality, the relative price of medical goods and services fell by 0.5 percent per year over this period, whereas Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates suggest it rose by 1.6 percent per year. The second essay develops a method to infer the life cycle profile of the quality of medical care in accumulating of health capital and the depreciation rate of health capital. To do so, this essay develops a life cycle model of the demand for medical purchases in which individuals invest in health capital. The use of these methods is illustrated by inferring the life cycle profile of the quality of medical care and the depreciation rate of health capital for 25-84 year old males between 1996 and 2007. The third essay studies implementable outcomes in partnership games. In this setting, it is well known that contracts which satisfy budget balance cannot implement efficient outcomes. Then, it is natural to ask which outcomes can be implemented. This essay characterizes the outcomes of all budget balancing contracts. With standard regularity conditions on production and utility functions, all outcomes which can be implemented by a budget balancing contract can be implemented by a linear contract. This implies that, with respect to welfare, we can consider a compact set of implementable outcomes without loss of generality. The budget-balancing contract whose outcome maximizes welfare, therefore, exists.

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Date Created
2011

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Essay in Family Economics and Media Economics in China

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Family economics uses economic concepts such as productions and decision making to understand family behavior. Economists place emphasis on the rule of families on labor supply, human capital investment, and consumption. In a household, the members choose the optimal time

Family economics uses economic concepts such as productions and decision making to understand family behavior. Economists place emphasis on the rule of families on labor supply, human capital investment, and consumption. In a household, the members choose the optimal time allocations between working, housework and leisure, and money between consumption of different members and savings. One-Child policy and strong inter-generational connections cause unique family structure in China. Households of different generations provide income transfer and labor support to each other. Households consider these connections in their savings, labor supply, human capital investment, fertility and marriage decisions. Especially, strong intergenerational relationships in China are one cause of the high level of young female labor supply and high saving rate. I will investigate the rules of intergenerational relationships on household economic behavior.

Affirmative Action allocates college seats to a separate group. To evaluate the distribution effects of AA on discrete groups, we need to study household's strategic reactions on the rule of college seats allocation. The admission system of National College Entrance Examination in China is a type of AA. That distributes college seats by regions. I will use the rapid expansion of Chinese college enrollment as a natural experiment to check the households' reaction on AA and college expansion.

Media economics utilizes economic empirical and theoretical tools to figure out the social, cultural, and economic issues in media industries. The impact of online piracy on genuine products sales is under debate, because people cannot find representing proxies to evaluate piracy levels. I will use Chinese data to study the effects of online piracy on theater revenue.

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Agent

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Date Created
2017

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Intercultural Negotiation and Risk Mitigation

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In an increasingly global economy, companies face challenges with implementing successful business and marketing strategies in cultures different from their own. This paper calls upon previous research to compile a per-country outline of general behaviors and expectations when doing business

In an increasingly global economy, companies face challenges with implementing successful business and marketing strategies in cultures different from their own. This paper calls upon previous research to compile a per-country outline of general behaviors and expectations when doing business overseas. Using categorical definitions from Hofstede's 1984 study and those found in the Handbook of Global and Multicultural Negotiation, a table has been prepared to group similar countries based on their cultural biases.

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Date Created
2013-05

Optimizing Player Contracts for Major League Baseball Teams

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This thesis aims to develop a new way to value players for all teams in the MLB, despite the financial disparity. Displayed in the rest of this paper, is a player valuation model created around each team's salary level, focusing

This thesis aims to develop a new way to value players for all teams in the MLB, despite the financial disparity. Displayed in the rest of this paper, is a player valuation model created around each team's salary level, focusing on player’s offensive output. The model functions in a way that values players by their ability to help their team score runs and win games by setting parameters for salary expectations based on player performance. This allows for small market MLB teams, like the Cleveland Guardians, to build a roster of players around their specific salary limit, specifically to score the maximum runs and win games. On the contrary, the model also works for big market teams, like the Los Angeles Dodger, allowing them to project their larger salary limit to players and build their ideal roster as well.

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Date Created
2022-05