Matching Items (13)

136446-Thumbnail Image.png

The Comprehensive Analysis of Concussions and Their Ramifications on Society

Description

Over the past several years, there has been growing concern regarding concussions and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in all levels of sports. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that

Over the past several years, there has been growing concern regarding concussions and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in all levels of sports. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that occurs from a blow to the head. When a concussion occurs, the brain knocks against the walls of the skull. A concussion causes temporary loss of brain function leading to cognitive, physical, and emotional symptoms, such as confusion, vomiting,headache, nausea,depression, disturbed sleep, moodiness, and amnesia. Although the short-term effects of concussions are limited, the long-term effects of concussions, if untreated, can be devastating and even life-threatening. Concussions are having detrimental ramifications on society and it is important to know what these ramifications are. Concussions are a common occurrence in traditional physical sports such as soccer, basketball, and football. However, due to the violent nature of football (American football), concussions are more prevalent and the effects are more severe. Changes to rules and equipment, specifically helmets, have been made to reduce head impacts in football but there is not currently enough evidence to conclude that they significantly lessen the frequency and severity of concussions.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015-05

134410-Thumbnail Image.png

100-Year Love Story: The National Football League and Its Fandom

Description

The sport of football has become one of the most widely loved and watched sports in the United States. Fans of football are extremely dedicated to the sport and form

The sport of football has become one of the most widely loved and watched sports in the United States. Fans of football are extremely dedicated to the sport and form very personal, emotional attachments to teams within the National Football League. Through studying these fans, three main analysis topics will be addressed in this thesis: the established fan knowledge that creates rules within the fandom on how a fan participates and the exceptions to those rules, the need that fan's who do not fit into the normative patterns of the fandom feel to explain their motivations, and the degree of fanship that can be measured through a fan's explanation for their deviant behavior. For this fandom analysis, two sets of data will be referenced throughout the discussion. The first is anecdotal data pulled from various reddit threads on the personal experiences of each fan as well as some opinion sharing about the National Football League fandom. The second set of data is primary data that I have compiled via a survey. The established fan knowledge within this fandom is two fold: First, fans choose their team for a specific reason (usually based off of the team their parent's are a fan of or the state they grew up in), which typically takes place by age twelve. Secondly, once a fan chooses a team, they should stick with that team through their entire fanship. This second piece of fan knowledge is the most important rule within the fandom. This idea of loyalty is what guides fan participation. Identifying this rule led me to my main question about this fandom \u2014 if fans are so dedicated to their chosen team, what does it mean when someone switches to a new team. I feel that this breaking of a bond that seems so personal to fans is important and should be researched. This brought me to researching these fans that have switched teams, learning why, as well as what this group of fans can say about the National Football League fandom as a whole.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

134815-Thumbnail Image.png

From on the Field to Off: The Role of Collegiate Football Apparel in Building University Brand Equity

Description

A multimethod research design was used to conduct research on Arizona State University's (ASU) branding strategies with regards to the role the athletics department brand plays within the scope of

A multimethod research design was used to conduct research on Arizona State University's (ASU) branding strategies with regards to the role the athletics department brand plays within the scope of the entire university brand, and whether or not the football uniforms themselves are effective in communicating the desired brand messages to ASU's key stakeholders. The research is in the form of a case study, and is comprised primarily of information gathered in several personal interviews with important stakeholders and experts in particular areas (n = 9), as well as a survey distributed to key stakeholders (n = 429). It was concluded through the culmination of this research that, consistent with existing research, ASU models its branding strategies using a branded house approach, which means Sun Devil Athletics (SDA) is branded consistently with the university's missions, charter, and brand standards. However, SDA's unique role as a major prestige generator for the university as well as its non-academic focus means specific brand marks, such as SDA's "Sun Devil Bold" font and athletic pitchfork, are used solely within the athletics department. In order to communicate the university's messages, the football program, and football uniforms specifically, are regarded as some of the most important channels of communication because of the wide audience that is reached through the uniforms' visual representation of ASU's brand. Thus, it was found that a major emphasis is placed on football uniform design, and adidas, ASU's exclusive athletic apparel sponsor, is charged with designing the uniforms in such a way to meet not just the needs of the players themselves, but also the brand standards set forth by both SDA and ASU. The survey results established that the deliberate branding efforts put forth by SDA's partnership with adidas, as well as ASU's communication of the athletics department's role within the university, are effective in reaching key stakeholders and have been overall successful in communicating the desired brand messages to constituents.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2016-12

133818-Thumbnail Image.png

Punch Drunk, a Promise of Concussion: A Look at African American Collegiate Athletes' Vested Interest in Football

Description

The present text identifies issues within the African American collegiate football player's experience on the field after sustaining a head impact. Historically, African American athletes have had a vested interest

The present text identifies issues within the African American collegiate football player's experience on the field after sustaining a head impact. Historically, African American athletes have had a vested interest in performing well on the football field as a means of climbing up the socio- economic ladder. The nature of the athletes' sport makes them vulnerable to low-grade and high- grade head injuries. These individuals then become quick to weigh the options and accept the risks that come with the injuries. Some African American footballers come from lower income backgrounds; and, as such, they have been socialized to utilize sport as a means to gain higher socioeconomic and social status. Only, some head injuries cause greater underlying damage, which makes it more difficult for the individuals to overcome the challenges of gaining a higher status. These physiological damages incurred by the brain may later manifest themselves as psychological disorders or neurodegenerative disorders, including Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease. Such incidences correlate with the drift hypothesis, where the athletes' injuries prevent them from gaining ground from the socioeconomic standpoint. It is recommended that education on head impacts be implemented at a younger age in schools. Clinicians should focus their treatment plans on objective measures and implement the guidelines and protocols that have already been instated within the leagues. Athletes must advocate for their own health and well-being, just as they do for their advancement on the field. Furthermore, there should be separation between clinician, team, and business; and, all teams should enforce all regulations for safety.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

The Battered Shield: An Examination of Domestic Violence in the NFL

Description

This thesis project was a response to the NFL's struggles with domestic violence in the recent past. To contextualize the issue, this paper examines key domestic violence statistics and rates

This thesis project was a response to the NFL's struggles with domestic violence in the recent past. To contextualize the issue, this paper examines key domestic violence statistics and rates in the United States. Also discussed are the issues that United States law enforcement has with domestic violence cases, namely a problem with under-reporting and inconsistent arrest policies from state to state. Controversy surrounding NFL players and domestic violence was sparked by Ray Rice's arrest in 2014 and exacerbated by the league's light discipline of Rice. This paper attempts to uncover the root causes of the NFL's domestic violence problem and identifies issues the league has in terms of its inconsistent punishment history for domestic violence offenses, recent arrest trends for NFL players and the efforts the league and its members have made to combat the issue. Also considered are the ways the NFL has attempted to resolve the issue of domestic violence. The paper examines the policies set forth in the NFL's personal conduct policy as well as partnerships the league has made with nationwide organizations dedicated to education and prevention of domestic violence, including NO MORE and the National Domestic Violence Hotline. This thesis also compares the NFL's policies regarding domestic violence to that of its peers, Major League Baseball and the National Basketball Association. Lastly, the thesis offers several recommendations to the NFL for how it can rectify its prior shortcomings. These recommendations include revamped education programs for players, heightened disciplinary standards and more open communication with fans and outsiders.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

Dazed & Confused: Using Science to Diagnose concussions

Description

Abstract My documentary is about the concussion detection study with Arizona State Football, Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Riddell and the Barrow Neurological Institute. Football players voluntarily participate in the

Abstract My documentary is about the concussion detection study with Arizona State Football, Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Riddell and the Barrow Neurological Institute. Football players voluntarily participate in the study that aims to identify a biomarker released from the brain to identify if a player has suffered from a concussion. The study uses blood, urine and saliva samples, along with head impact data from Riddell's Sideline Response System. The study is also focusing on the impact of sub-concussive hits and the effects. According to the Barrow Neurological Institute, 84% of respondents believe concussions are "a serious medical condition," and a third of Valley parents will not let their children play football. I interviewed an ASU football player who participated in the study and found out about his experiences with concussions. The severity of concussions has received a lot of attention in recent years, and this study hopes to mitigate concussions symptoms and the fear of concussions. According to the 2015 NFL Health and Safety Report, since 2012 the NFL reported concussions were down by 35%. I interviewed the TGen leaders of the study and the neurologist at the Barrow Concussion and Brain Injury center involved in the study to find out how they plan to find a biomarker and use it to develop an objective way to diagnose concussions. An example of a possible objective test is a mouthguard that changes from clear to blue after a player sustained a hit that resulted in a concussion. The 2015-2016 ASU football season marked the study's third year of research. At the time of my documentary, the study had no timeline to release data.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

133742-Thumbnail Image.png

An Economics Analysis of Sports Stadiums in the National Football League

Description

This paper intends to analyze the National Football League (NFL) and the role stadiums play within it. The NFL, being the nation's largest professional sports league, has experienced a large

This paper intends to analyze the National Football League (NFL) and the role stadiums play within it. The NFL, being the nation's largest professional sports league, has experienced a large amount of volatility over the past couple of decades. Teams have relocated a significant number of times and stadium projects have grown in size, cost, and frequency. Because of these observations, we chose to focus in on this particular sports league in order to answer our many questions surrounding the role of a professional sports stadium in the economics of a city. We seek to understand the economics these sports stadiums impact on the league and the cities they reside in. To do this, we compiled data of NFL franchise wins, average ticket prices, stadiums, and franchise values, while researching the stadium building process and referencing the opinions of leading sports economists across the nation. Next, we discussed the process of building a stadium, which entails the core steps of design, construction, cost, and funding. We discuss tax-exempt municipal bonds, and explain what an impact economic analysis is and how teams use them to get cities to support their projects. Moreover, we discuss the threats of relocation and how the NFL can exert pressure on stadium project decisions. Finally, we talk about the future of the NFL, with a new trend of empty stadiums and make predictions for upcoming relocation destinations. Based on these findings, we draw conclusions on the economics of sports stadiums and offer our opinion on the current state of the NFL.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

133218-Thumbnail Image.png

How the Student Body Is Affected by ASU Football

Description

I am a former Arizona State football player and I wanted to do my own research on how the ASU football program affects the student body. I believe that college

I am a former Arizona State football player and I wanted to do my own research on how the ASU football program affects the student body. I believe that college football is one of the great experiences for any student. This is why I wanted to see what the students think about the football program at ASU and if I could find ways to make their experience better. I looked into past studies to find that there are many positive correlations between successful college football programs and student life. Studies indicated that it is beneficial for universities to invest in their football programs. To study this at ASU I created a survey that asked ASU students a few questions about themselves and how they felt ASU football affected their day-to-day lives through a Strongly Disagree, Disagree, Neutral, Agree, Strongly Agree format. I then put in a response portion at the end if they wanted to suggest anything that could be done better for the ASU football program when it came to their students. The results that I received from the survey showed that the students cared about football and that they thought football was an overall positive experience for them. The alarming point that the survey brought up was that not many students were attending the home games during the season. In fact, 25% of the student respondents did not go to a single home game in 2016. This was troubling to me and I looked in the worded responses to get answers as to why this was happening. Fortunately, the student respondents were very descriptive in what they believed the football program could be doing better. The responses discussed how a lack of tradition, lack of community outreach, lack of incentives/emphasis on fan experience and more were the reasons as to why students did not feel like going to the home games. I concluded that in order for ASU to attract more students to the home games that they need to have more student events around game week, reach out to the students more through their players, and built a connect between the football team and the ASU student body.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017-12

Modeling Success through the NFL Salary Cap

Description

In the early years of the National Football League, scouting and roster development resembled the wild west. Drafts were held in hotel ballrooms the day after the last game of

In the early years of the National Football League, scouting and roster development resembled the wild west. Drafts were held in hotel ballrooms the day after the last game of regular season college football was played. There was no combine, limited scouting, and no salary cap. Over time, these aspects have changed dramatically, in part due to key figures from Pete Rozelle to Gil Brandt to Bill Belichick. The development and learning from this time period have laid the foundational infrastructure that modern roster construction is based upon. In this modern day, managing a team and putting together a roster involves numerous people, intense scouting, layers of technology, and, critically, the management of the salary cap. Since it was first put into place in 1994, managing the cap has become an essential element of building and sustaining a successful team. The New England Patriots’ mastery of the cap is a large part of what enabled their dynastic run over the past twenty years. While their model has undoubtedly proven to be successful, an opposing model has become increasingly popular and yielded results of its own. Both models center around different distributions of the salary cap, starting with the portion paid to the starting quarterback. The Patriots dynasty was, in part, made possible due to their use of both models over the course of their dominance. Drafting, organizational culture, and coaching are all among the numerous critical factors in determining a team’s success and it becomes difficult to pinpoint the true source of success for any given team. Ultimately, however, effective management of the cap proves to be a force multiplier; it does not guarantee that a team will be successful, but it helps teams that handle the other variables well sustain their success.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

147888-Thumbnail Image.png

Color and the Beautiful Game: an in depth analysis of the history of racism and its effects on association football

Description

Soccer is bar none, the most popular sport in the entire world. It is played, followed, and loved by virtually every single country on Earth. Despite this massive support for

Soccer is bar none, the most popular sport in the entire world. It is played, followed, and loved by virtually every single country on Earth. Despite this massive support for the sport which houses some of the world’s biggest names in the world, its shortcomings when dealing with issues of racial injustice and incidents of racist behavior have become more pronounced in recent years. Although this open discussion regarding racism within the sport has recently begun to sprout, its roots can be tied back to decades ago while continuing to the present day, with players, referees, coaches, fans, commentators, and more all involved on both sides of the issue. <br/> We found this topic to be most prevalent in today’s society after witnessing multiple shameful racist incidents that have occurred to some of the world’s biggest players throughout European football in 2019, as well as the recent ongoing fight for racial reform and increased awareness regarding racial injustice in the United States. By doing comprehensive research and<br/>analysis on such incidents that have occurred throughout the years we hope to raise more<br/>awareness regarding this subject that has plagued the beautiful game. In addition, we hope to<br/>offer ways to remedy the problem one step at a time, all while answering the tough, but necessary questions regarding what specifically should be done in the sport, that others have been afraid to talk about for far too long. Specifically, we wanted to mainly highlight the experience of black players, with a further discussion on other minority groups, in English and Italian football as these two leagues have been a part of the largest debate between how club traditions, player-fan interactions, league policies, and staff management have all affected the way we view the game as the endemic of racism within the sport is exacerbated.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05