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On Enhancing Microgrid Control and the Optimal Design of a Modular Solid-State Transformer with Grid-Forming Inverter

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This dissertation covers three primary topics and relates them in context. High frequency transformer design, microgrid modeling and control, and converter design as it pertains to the other topics are

This dissertation covers three primary topics and relates them in context. High frequency transformer design, microgrid modeling and control, and converter design as it pertains to the other topics are each investigated, establishing a summary of the state-of-the-art at the intersection of the three as a baseline. The culminating work produced by the confluence of these topics is a novel modular solid-state transformer (SST) design, featuring an array of dual active bridge (DAB) converters, each of which contains an optimized high-frequency transformer, and an array of grid-forming inverters (GFI) suitable for centralized control in a microgrid environment. While no hardware was produced for this design, detailed modeling and simulation has been completed, and results are contextualized by rigorous analysis and comparison with results from published literature. The main contributions to each topic are best presented by topic area. For transformers, contributions include collation and presentation of the best-known methods of minimum loss high-frequency transformer design and analysis, descriptions of the implementation of these methods into a unified design script as well as access to an example of such a script, and the derivation and presentation of novel tools for analysis of multi-winding and multi-frequency transformers. For microgrid modeling and control, contributions include the modeling and simulation validation of the GFI and SST designs via state space modeling in a multi-scale simulation framework, as well as demonstration of stable and effective participation of these models in a centralized control scheme under phase imbalance. For converters, the SST design, analysis, and simulation are the primary contributions, though several novel derivations and analysis tools are also presented for the asymmetric half bridge and DAB.

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  • 2019

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Optimal Scheduling of Home Energy Management System with Plug-in Electric Vehicles Using Model Predictive Control

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With the growing penetration of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), the impact of the PEV charging brought to the utility grid draws more and more attention. This thesis focused on the

With the growing penetration of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), the impact of the PEV charging brought to the utility grid draws more and more attention. This thesis focused on the optimization of a home energy management system (HEMS) with the presence of PEVs. For a household microgrid with photovoltaic (PV) panels and PEVs, a HEMS using model predictive control (MPC) is designed to achieve the optimal PEV charging. Soft electric loads and an energy storage system (ESS) are also considered in the optimization of PEV charging in the MPC framework. The MPC is solved through mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) by considering the relationship of energy flows in the optimization problem. Through the simulation results, the performance of optimization results under various electricity price plans is evaluated. The influences of PV capacities on the optimization results of electricity cost are also discussed. Furthermore, the hardware development of a microgrid prototype is also described in this thesis.

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  • 2018