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Comparative Analysis in Acquisition of Coding Skills

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Students learn in various ways \u2014 visualization, auditory, memorizing, or making analogies. Traditional lecturing in engineering courses and the learning styles of engineering students are inharmonious causing students to be at a disadvantage based on their learning style (Felder &

Students learn in various ways \u2014 visualization, auditory, memorizing, or making analogies. Traditional lecturing in engineering courses and the learning styles of engineering students are inharmonious causing students to be at a disadvantage based on their learning style (Felder & Silverman, 1988). My study analyzes the traditional approach to learning coding skills which is unnatural to engineering students with no previous exposure and examining if visual learning enhances introductory computer science education. Visual and text-based learning are evaluated to determine how students learn introductory coding skills and associated problem solving skills. My study was conducted to observe how the two types of learning aid the students in learning how to problem solve as well as how much knowledge can be obtained in a short period of time. The application used for visual learning was Scratch and Repl.it was used for text-based learning. Two exams were made to measure the progress made by each student. The topics covered by the exam were initialization, variable reassignment, output, if statements, if else statements, nested if statements, logical operators, arrays/lists, while loop, type casting, functions, object orientation, and sorting. Analysis of the data collected in the study allow us to observe whether the traditional method of teaching programming or block-based programming is more beneficial and in what topics of introductory computer science concepts.

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2018-05

Language Conditioned Self-Driving Cars Using Environmental Object Descriptions For Controlling Cars

Description

Self-Driving cars are a long-lasting ambition for many AI scientists and engineers. In the last decade alone, many self-driving cars like Google Waymo, Tesla Autopilot, Uber, etc. have been roaming the streets of many cities. As a rapidly expanding field,

Self-Driving cars are a long-lasting ambition for many AI scientists and engineers. In the last decade alone, many self-driving cars like Google Waymo, Tesla Autopilot, Uber, etc. have been roaming the streets of many cities. As a rapidly expanding field, researchers all over the world are attempting to develop more safe and efficient AI agents that can navigate through our cities. However, driving is a very complex task to master even for a human, let alone the challenges in developing robots to do the same. It requires attention and inputs from the surroundings of the car, and it is nearly impossible for us to program all the possible factors affecting this complex task. As a solution, imitation learning was introduced, wherein the agents learn a policy, mapping the observations to the actions through demonstrations given by humans. Through imitation learning, one could easily teach self-driving cars the expected behavior in many scenarios. Despite their autonomous nature, it is undeniable that humans play a vital role in the development and execution of safe and trustworthy self-driving cars and hence form the strongest link in this application of Human-Robot Interaction. Several approaches were taken to incorporate this link between humans and self-driving cars, one of which involves the communication of human's navigational instruction to self-driving cars. The communicative channel provides humans with control over the agent’s decisions as well as the ability to guide them in real-time. In this work, the abilities of imitation learning in creating a self-driving agent that can follow natural language instructions given by humans based on environmental objects’ descriptions were explored. The proposed model architecture is capable of handling latent temporal context in these instructions thus making the agent capable of taking multiple decisions along its course. The work shows promising results that push the boundaries of natural language instructions and their complexities in navigating self-driving cars through towns.

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2021

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Mixture of interaction primitives for multiple agents: a Python framework

Description

In a collaborative environment where multiple robots and human beings are expected

to collaborate to perform a task, it becomes essential for a robot to be aware of multiple

agents working in its work environment. A robot must also learn to adapt

In a collaborative environment where multiple robots and human beings are expected

to collaborate to perform a task, it becomes essential for a robot to be aware of multiple

agents working in its work environment. A robot must also learn to adapt to

different agents in the workspace and conduct its interaction based on the presence

of these agents. A theoretical framework was introduced which performs interaction

learning from demonstrations in a two-agent work environment, and it is called

Interaction Primitives.

This document is an in-depth description of the new state of the art Python

Framework for Interaction Primitives between two agents in a single as well as multiple

task work environment and extension of the original framework in a work environment

with multiple agents doing a single task. The original theory of Interaction

Primitives has been extended to create a framework which will capture correlation

between more than two agents while performing a single task. The new state of the

art Python framework is an intuitive, generic, easy to install and easy to use python

library which can be applied to use the Interaction Primitives framework in a work

environment. This library was tested in simulated environments and controlled laboratory

environment. The results and benchmarks of this library are available in the

related sections of this document.

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2017

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Robots that anticipate pain: anticipating physical perturbations from visual cues through deep predictive models

Description

To ensure system integrity, robots need to proactively avoid any unwanted physical perturbation that may cause damage to the underlying hardware. In this thesis work, we investigate a machine learning approach that allows robots to anticipate impending physical perturbations from

To ensure system integrity, robots need to proactively avoid any unwanted physical perturbation that may cause damage to the underlying hardware. In this thesis work, we investigate a machine learning approach that allows robots to anticipate impending physical perturbations from perceptual cues. In contrast to other approaches that require knowledge about sources of perturbation to be encoded before deployment, our method is based on experiential learning. Robots learn to associate visual cues with subsequent physical perturbations and contacts. In turn, these extracted visual cues are then used to predict potential future perturbations acting on the robot. To this end, we introduce a novel deep network architecture which combines multiple sub- networks for dealing with robot dynamics and perceptual input from the environment. We present a self-supervised approach for training the system that does not require any labeling of training data. Extensive experiments in a human-robot interaction task show that a robot can learn to predict physical contact by a human interaction partner without any prior information or labeling. Furthermore, the network is able to successfully predict physical contact from either depth stream input or traditional video input or using both modalities as input.

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2017