Matching Items (9)

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Improving the American Juror

Description

The jury is a perfect example of American democracy in action. People convicted of crimes are put before a randomly-selected jury of their peers. This jury consists of people with a variety of backgrounds and experiences without any sort of

The jury is a perfect example of American democracy in action. People convicted of crimes are put before a randomly-selected jury of their peers. This jury consists of people with a variety of backgrounds and experiences without any sort of specialized training. Ideally, this jury is representative of the population and does not have any biases towards the victim or the defendant. They view all evidence, hear all facts, and ultimately decide on a verdict. However, this system does not always create accurate outcomes. Often times and for a number of reasons, jurors are distracted in the courtroom. This can lead to incorrect verdicts, meaning that either guilty people walk free or innocent people are incarcerated. This paper will explore the idea of the distracted juror and ways to minimize these distractions so that the most accurate decision can be made during a trial. It will first examine the statistics behind jury inaccuracies as well as how other countries conduct their jury trials. It will then briefly explore grand juries and their differences between trial juries. This paper will analyze data from a survey conducted at the beginning of the project. It will then provide analyses of some possible reforms. This paper will conclude with how this research could be pursued further, why it should be pursued further, and how jury trials could look in the future.

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Date Created
2018-12

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The Arizona Legal Center and Student Health Outreach for Wellness Clinic Medical Legal Partnership: An Interprofessional Model of Health Care

Description

This project discusses a Medical-Legal Partnership (MLP) between the Arizona Legal Center (ALC) and the Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) clinic. The ALC is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) legal aid clinic located in at the Beus Center for Law and

This project discusses a Medical-Legal Partnership (MLP) between the Arizona Legal Center (ALC) and the Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) clinic. The ALC is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) legal aid clinic located in at the Beus Center for Law and Society alongside the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law at Arizona State University. They are a community- based legal aid service that helps low income and underserved populations find answers and solutions to their legal questions through free of charge consultations. The ALC is primarily operated by student volunteers and volunteer attorneys. The SHOW clinic is a tri-university, student-led community-based project that works to provide whole person health care for poor, low income, or underserved individuals in Phoenix, Arizona. I was given the opportunity to join in this effort through my role as an undergraduate student volunteer at the ALC during the summer of 2017. Planning and coordination between these two entities has been ongoing, and after several months of work, the partnership has reached a more formative state. Our team estimates our partnership will be implemented into clinical facilities and operational by the Fall of 2018. By the summer of 2018, the SHOW clinic will be providing medical services at three locations: the Human Services Campus clinic, Crossroads Flower clinic, and Crossroads Mesa clinic. These clinical sites are where the MLP between the ALC and SHOW will operate. The ALC will provide legal consultations at each facility once a month, every month during the fall semester of 2018. They will also conduct educational workshops for facility patients once a month, every month. The following paper discusses: 1) a brief history of healthcare delivery and healthcare trends in the United States, 2) discusses what Medical-Legal Partnerships are and why they should be used, 3) specific health needs in the state of Arizona, 4) the developmental process of this specific partnership, 4) the challenge of medical and legal confidentiality, 5) and a proposed timeline of how we intend to successfully implement our partnership at clinical sites.

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Date Created
2018-05

ERA in AZ

Description

This short documentary on the Equal Rights Amendment features attorney Dianne Post and State Representative Jennifer Jermaine, and it examines the fight for passage at the federal and state level. This film attempts to answer the following questions: What is

This short documentary on the Equal Rights Amendment features attorney Dianne Post and State Representative Jennifer Jermaine, and it examines the fight for passage at the federal and state level. This film attempts to answer the following questions: What is the ERA? What is its history? Why do we need it? How do we get it into the Constitution of the United States of America?

The text of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) states that “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” The amendment was authored by Alice Paul and was first introduced into Congress in 1923. The ERA did not make much progress until 1970, when Representative Martha Griffiths from Michigan filed a discharge petition demanding that the ERA move out of the judiciary committee to be heard by the full United States House of Representatives. The House passed it and it went on to the Senate, where it was approved and sent to the states for ratification. By 1977, 35 states had voted to ratify the ERA, but it did not reach the 38 states-threshold required for ratification before the 1982 deadline set by Congress. More recently, Nevada ratified the ERA in March 2017, and Illinois followed suit in May 2018. On January 27th, 2020, Virginia finalized its ratification, making it the 38th state to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.

Supporters of the ERA argue that we have reached the required goal of approval by 38 states. However, opponents may have at least two legal arguments to challenge this claim by ERA advocates. First, the deadline to ratify was 1982. Second, five states have voted to rescind their ratification since their initial approval. These political and legal challenges must be addressed and resolved before the ERA can be considered part of the United States Constitution. Nevertheless, ERA advocates continue to pursue certification. There are complicated questions to untangle here, to be sure, but by listening to a variety of perspectives and critically examining the historical and legal context, it may be possible to find some answers. Indeed, Arizona, which has yet to ratify the ERA, could play a vital role in the on-going fight for the ERA.

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2020-05

PACS AmeriCorps Training Manual

Description

PACS AmeriCorps is a partnership program between AmeriCorps and the Maricopa County Superior Court. The program provides grant funding to staff the Court's Law Library Resource Centers with AmeriCorps members. These members provide self-represented litigants with assistance in a variety

PACS AmeriCorps is a partnership program between AmeriCorps and the Maricopa County Superior Court. The program provides grant funding to staff the Court's Law Library Resource Centers with AmeriCorps members. These members provide self-represented litigants with assistance in a variety of areas, including with court forms, protective orders, and general court information and navigation. Their work is critical in providing access to justice for some of Maricopa County's most vulnerable residents who are navigating both a complex judicial system and, often, a difficult and emotional time in their personal lives. Now in its third grant year, the program has grown significantly in size and scope, and this growth underscored the need for a physical training and reference manual for the incoming class of members. The main undertaking of this project was to create such a manual. For this project, members of the 2016-2017 PACS AmeriCorps program were surveyed about their experiences with both their training and learning on the job. Members identified the strengths and weaknesses of past training sessions and provided ideas for future ones. The results of this survey were then incorporated into the development of a comprehensive training and reference manual that was utilized during training sessions for the 2017-2018 class of members on September 25th and 26th, 2017. After several weeks, a post-survey similar to the pre-survey was administered to the new class of members, and their answers were analyzed and compared to the feedback from 2016-2017. The results of the survey showed an increase in on-the-job confidence and overall satisfaction with training after the addition of the training manual, although some members noted aspects in need of development. Based on the results of the survey, ideas for further improvement in subsequent years were identified.

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Created

Date Created
2017-12

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Job Satisfaction in the Field of Law

Description

This paper discusses the levels of job satisfaction amongst practicing lawyers, with a distinction between government-employed lawyers (public) and those in the private sector. The purpose of this report is to provide insight into the joys and sorrows of practicing

This paper discusses the levels of job satisfaction amongst practicing lawyers, with a distinction between government-employed lawyers (public) and those in the private sector. The purpose of this report is to provide insight into the joys and sorrows of practicing law and provide those who are curious about becoming a lawyer with the tools to be the happiest lawyer that they can be throughout their career. The paper includes analysis of a primary research survey, comparisons with existing research, and a brief overview of happiness based research. It concludes with personal applications of the knowledge gained. Findings of the project conclude that publicly employed lawyers are, on average, slightly happier than lawyers in the private sector. On a scale from 1-7 public lawyers held an average happiness rating of 6.8, while private lawyers came in at a 6.06. Both factions were found to be satisfied in their work, which can dispel the myth that lawyers in general are unhappy with their job or field. Research into happiness shows that only 40% of an individual's overall happiness can be directly affected by their mindset and actins. The other 60% is comprised of genetic and circumstantial factors. Steps and advice to increase happiness derived from a profession or life are offered. The key to finding satisfaction in the workplace lies in aligning one's strengths with one's values. This paper concludes by imploring those who seek a job in the legal field to spend time understanding what their values are, and pursuing satisfaction in the workplace instead of prestige or pay.

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Date Created
2017-12

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EMINENT DOMAIN AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN ARIZONA: When is a use truly public?

Description

This focuses on recent changes in Arizona eminent domain law regarding the question of whether a use be "truly public." In light of the landmark decision in Bailey v City of Mesa--often lauded as a great victory for proponents of

This focuses on recent changes in Arizona eminent domain law regarding the question of whether a use be "truly public." In light of the landmark decision in Bailey v City of Mesa--often lauded as a great victory for proponents of private property rights-- a few sources will be reviewed to provide an indication of the extent redevelopment in Arizona has been affected by the decision. While the result in Bailey, precluding the City from taking the subject property may have been the correct outcome, the test to which the case now subjects any similar case involving redevelopment has made it unnecessarily difficult for political subdivisions of the state to carry out legislated redevelopment goals. The Bailey case only served to convolute the question of "public use" in the context of economic development, rather than create a workable body of law. In addition to providing a historical context and analyzing the effect of new interpretations on redevelopment generally, this paper will critique the Bailey decision in order to resolve the conflict that the decision created: that of the redevelopment goals of the state and municipalities and the authorized use of condemnation to achieve these goals with the judiciary's decision to greatly restrict the use of condemnation for the achievement of redevelopment goals. Arguably this conflict arose from a failure to fully understand the complexities of the use of the power of eminent domain for redevelopment purposes. Unaware of the need to use eminent domain in order to speed along and make possible economic redevelopment, overzealous proponents of property rights have reduced the issue to a narrow view of the state vs. the individual. Hopefully this paper can offer a more moderate and unbiased view of the use of eminent domain in light of the charge of the state and municipalities to facilitate economic growth.

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Date Created
2015-05

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Summary of Leagle LLC: An Innovative Case Management Software Company

Description

Leagle LLC will be a cloud-based case management software company that helps local governments manage their hectic case loads. Leagle LLC will be wholly owned by another LLC and run by two of its co-owners. One will earn a bachelor’s

Leagle LLC will be a cloud-based case management software company that helps local governments manage their hectic case loads. Leagle LLC will be wholly owned by another LLC and run by two of its co-owners. One will earn a bachelor’s degree in Business Law in May of 2019, while the other holds a degree in Accounting and has over eight years of corporate financial experience.
Leagle LLC will operate in a very niche market with low barriers to entry. The information contained in the full business plan is highly valuable. This is the reason that only the summary of the business plan that was created as the honors thesis will be published. The details regarding sales forecasts, marketing strategies, and trade secrets are highly sensitive and could lead to the compromise of Leagle LLC’s future business and its parent company’s current business. Leagle LLC’s parent company currently works in a market closely related to the market Leagle LLC seeks to penetrate and it wishes to remain anonymous until this plan is realized.

LeagleCMS will be an online based application accessible from Leagle LLC’s website. Users will login to their account and be redirected to their dashboard, where whatever abilities assigned to them by the administrators in the target market are listed. These abilities include creating and editing user info, including administrator profiles and regular profiles. The ability to generate reports based on different data ranging from revenue collected to number of specific violations per month. LeagleCMS will also include an authoring system based off of its parent company’s current technology that allows users to generate a document from a pre-made template. One of LeagleCMS’s key values is operating in the cloud. All data will be stored on an encrypted cloud-based server hosted by Amazon Web Services. Users will access their data through LeagleCMS. This way, users can work from whatever operating system or device they choose.

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Date Created
2019-05

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Education and the Costs Associated with Death

Description

Cancer has a financial impact worldwide. According to a study published by the American Cancer Society, “cancer accounts for 1.5% of global gross domestic product loss per year” (John & Ross, 2010). The legal and economic costs of death are

Cancer has a financial impact worldwide. According to a study published by the American Cancer Society, “cancer accounts for 1.5% of global gross domestic product loss per year” (John & Ross, 2010). The legal and economic costs of death are not something normally addressed with patients prior to the occurrence of death. With an integrative approach, education may help reduce financial stressors for both the patient and family, while offering cost saving benefits to the facilities involved. Studies have shown that education pertaining to advanced care planning help to reduce hospital visits and the costs associated with the last six months of life. Integrating additional education in the form of legal and financial planning prior to death will benefit patients. This may benefit hospitals concurrently, by reducing hospital visits or length of stays, saving millions in Medicare costs to the hospital. Hospitals currently focus on the emotional, spiritual and intellectual needs of the patient post diagnosis of a terminal illness. Education related to funeral planning, preparing a will, and financial preparedness need to be included in the structured patient education offered at facilities. Individuals that have a higher socioeconomic status are typically more prepared for the costs associated with death. Offering financial education will allow more individuals experiencing the terminal diagnosis to prepare for their impending death.

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Date Created
2020

A Systematic Guide to Small Business Formation For The Enterprising Entrepreneur

Description

This thesis serves to research and catalog the process of small business formation and many of the important resources and factors that may be involved when an entrepreneur seeks to start a business. The overall goal here is that any

This thesis serves to research and catalog the process of small business formation and many of the important resources and factors that may be involved when an entrepreneur seeks to start a business. The overall goal here is that any individual who desires to form their own business can do so entirely with the information in this thesis, or sources included in this thesis. The paper breaks down this information into chapters of finance, registration, tax, legal, and marketing to best assist the early aspects of the business. Additionally, this paper tracks the costs associated with starting a small business to give the reader the necessary financial information of small business formation. This thesis estimates the required costs to be approximately fourteen hundred dollars, with an expected amount to be higher for all other costs associated with the business.

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Date Created
2022-05