Matching Items (15)

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Wireless Sensors and Actuators to Enhance Golf Putting Practice

Description

The team has designed and built a golf swing analyzer that informs the user of his mistakes while putting with a golf club. The team also interfaced a Linux program

The team has designed and built a golf swing analyzer that informs the user of his mistakes while putting with a golf club. The team also interfaced a Linux program with the analyzer that allows the user to review the flaws in his golf swing. In addition, the application is more personalized than existing devices and tailored to the individual based on his level of experience. The analyzer consists of an accelerometer, gyroscope, magnetometer, vibration motor, and microcontroller that are connected on a board that attaches to the top of the shaft of a golf club, fitting inside a 3D printed case. The team has assembled all of the necessary hardware, and is able to successfully display critical parameters of a golf putt, as well as send instant feedback to the user. The final budget for this project was $378.24

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Date Created
  • 2015-12

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Wireless Charging Technologies

Description

In the world we live in today, nothing is impossible. Due to the advancements of technology, humans around the globe are able to hold computers that fit within the size

In the world we live in today, nothing is impossible. Due to the advancements of technology, humans around the globe are able to hold computers that fit within the size of their pocket. These computers can do marvelous things, however run off batteries. These batteries need to be charged and up until a little while ago there was only one option available: wired chargers; however, because of the advancement of technology society has created a way to transfer power via magnetic fields. Now this concept has been around for a long time since the days of Nikola Tesla but just recently society has been able to apply his discoveries to charging these computers in our pockets. Unfortunately, the current models of these chargers come with a drawback as they are less efficient than wired chargers. However, this is the question our group has set out to answer. Is there any way possible to improve the efficiency of these wireless chargers so they are equal or even more efficient than wired chargers. This paper explores how to improve the efficiency in wireless chargers. Through research, simulations and testing the group has discovered areas that efficiency can be improved as well as makes recommendations to change the current wireless chargers on the market today. This paper also explores future applications of wireless chargers that can not only make life much easier but could also save lives in some cases. These applications can have many effects on hospitality, the medical field, as well as the supply chain and logistics of America.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Design and Development of Injectable, Wireless, Sub-Millimeter Neurostimulators

Description

An improved system for wireless neurostimulation was investigated through the design and development of sub-millimeter piezoelectric devices. The devices build on prior work in the lab, which was limited by

An improved system for wireless neurostimulation was investigated through the design and development of sub-millimeter piezoelectric devices. The devices build on prior work in the lab, which was limited by device size and required surgical implantation. A method of manufacturing sub-mm devices was developed, and utilized to construct this new design. The device frequency response was characterized and its resonant modes and output voltages determined through a Fast Fourier Transform. The fundamental thickness mode frequency was found to be 15.4MHz with a corresponding 10.25mV amplitude, and a longitudinal resonant frequency of 3.1Mhz with a corresponding 2.2mV amplitude across a 50Ω resistor. The high miniaturization of the device holds promise for future work for creating an injectable, wireless system for the treatment of neurological disorders.

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Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Computer Vision in Milli-Meter Wave Communication

Description

Every communication system has a receiver and a transmitter. Irrespective if it is wired or wireless.The future of wireless communication consists of a massive number of transmitters and receivers. The

Every communication system has a receiver and a transmitter. Irrespective if it is wired or wireless.The future of wireless communication consists of a massive number of transmitters and receivers. The question arises, can we use computer vision to help wireless communication? To satisfy the high data requirement, a large number of antennas are required. The devices that employ large-antenna arrays have other sensors such as RGB camera, depth camera, or LiDAR sensors.These vision sensors help us overcome the non-trivial wireless communication challenges, such as beam blockage prediction and hand-over prediction.This is further motivated by the recent advances in deep learning and computer vision that can extract high-level semantics from complex visual scenes, and the increasing interest of leveraging machine/deep learning tools in wireless communication problems.[1] <br/><br/>The research was focused solely based on technology like 3D cameras,object detection and object tracking using Computer vision and compression techniques. The main objective of using computer vision was to make Milli-meter Wave communication more robust, and to collect more data for the machine learning algorithms. Pre-build lossless and lossy compression algorithms, such as FFMPEG, were used in the research. An algorithm was developed that could use 3D cameras and machine learning models such as YOLOV3, to track moving objects using servo motors and low powered computers like the raspberry pi or the Jetson Nano. In other words, the receiver could track the highly mobile transmitter in 1 dimension using a 3D camera. Not only that, during the research, the transmitter was loaded on a DJI M600 pro drone, and then machine learning and object tracking was used to track the highly mobile drone. In order to build this machine learning model and object tracker, collecting data like depth, RGB images and position coordinates were the first yet the most important step. GPS coordinates from the DJI M600 were also pulled and were successfully plotted on google earth. This proved to be very useful during data collection using a drone and for the future applications of position estimation for a drone using machine learning. <br/><br/>Initially, images were taken from transmitter camera every second,and those frames were then converted to a text file containing hex-decimal values. Each text file was then transmitted from the transmitter to receiver, and on the receiver side, a python code converted the hex-decimal to JPG. This would give an efect of real time video transmission. However, towards the end of the research, an industry standard, real time video was streamed using pre-built FFMPEG modules, GNU radio and Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP). The transmitter camera was a PI-camera. More details will be discussed as we further dive deep into this research report.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Design of a RF Transmitting Belt as Part of a Wireless SCS System

Description

The belt component of a unique and novel wireless spinal cord stimulator (SCS) system was conceived, designed, made, and verified. This thesis details and documents all work from inception through

The belt component of a unique and novel wireless spinal cord stimulator (SCS) system was conceived, designed, made, and verified. This thesis details and documents all work from inception through preliminary verification and includes recommendations for future work. The purpose, scope, and objectives of the design and the thesis are introduced. Background literature is presented to provide context for the wireless SCS system as well as the belt component of the system. The product development process used to design the product is outlined. Requirements and constraints are determined from customer needs. Design options are considered and the best concept is selected. The design is made, optimized, and verified to meet the requirements. Future work for this design, outside the scope of this thesis, is discussed. Recommendations and conclusions following completion of the design are included as well.

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Date Created
  • 2014-05

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Extending ns-3 for Three-Dimensional Wireless Networks

Description

As technologies advance, so does the curiosity and exploration of humankind. There are many domains across this planet that are unexplored \u2014 the depths of Earth's ocean being one of

As technologies advance, so does the curiosity and exploration of humankind. There are many domains across this planet that are unexplored \u2014 the depths of Earth's ocean being one of the most predominant. While the ocean covers seventy percent of Earth's surface, a vast ninety-five percent of this realm remains untouched and unseen by the human eye. The biggest causality of this can be identified in the limitations of current technologies and the large expense associated with delving into these dangerous and uncharted areas. Underwater communication between unmanned devices is the solution to this problem. With the oceanic deployment of wirelessly connected unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs), researchers can limit risk to human safely and retrieve invaluable oceanographic data from unimaginable depths. However, before this system can be physically deployed, the network topology and environmental interactions must be simulated. More specific to the application, how does attenuation of optical propagation degrade between transmissions? A widely used open source network simulator is the ns series: ns-1, ns-2, and ns-3. Ns-3 is the most recent version, and is a valuable tool for modeling network interactions. However, underwater simulation proposes a limitation \u2014 a three-dimensional consideration for pressure. To properly model this interaction, it is vital that an extension to ns-3 be provided in order to account for the affects pressure has on the propagation of a signal at varying depths.

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Date Created
  • 2013-05

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A SURVEY OF SPOOFING ATTACKS AND CURRENT WELL KNOWN DEFENSES

Description

Defending against spoofing is an important part of security throughout the internet. With- out the ability to authenticate, within a certain confidence, that a person is in fact who they

Defending against spoofing is an important part of security throughout the internet. With- out the ability to authenticate, within a certain confidence, that a person is in fact who they say are, can allow attackers to go unrecognized after performing an attack. It is much too easy for attackers today to hide their identity or pretend to be someone else through the means of spoof- ing. Researchers must focus their efforts on defenses that are scalable and effective in counter- ing spoofing. This thesis focuses on surveying different types of spoofing as well as attacks that lever- age spoofing with the hopes to hide the attacker's identity or leverage identity theft to perform an attack. It also looks at current defenses that hope to counter attacks that leverage spoofing and evaluates how realistic is to implement the defenses in terms of scalability and effective- ness. By surveying different attacks and defenses, researchers will be able to better focus their efforts on more effective and scalable defenses to spoofing and attacks that leverage spoofing.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2015-05

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MEASURING AIR QUALITY USING WIRELESS SELF-POWERED DEVICES

Description

High concentrations of carbon monoxide and particulate matter can cause respiratory disease, illness, and death in high doses. Air pollution is a concern in many urban areas of emerging markets

High concentrations of carbon monoxide and particulate matter can cause respiratory disease, illness, and death in high doses. Air pollution is a concern in many urban areas of emerging markets that rely on outdated technologies for transportation and electricity generation; rural air quality is also a concern when noting the high prevalence of products of incomplete combustion resulting from open fires for cooking and heating. Monitoring air quality is an essential step to identifying these and other factors that affect air quality, and thereafter informing engineering and policy decisions to improve the quality of air. This study seeks to measure changes in air quality across spatial and temporal domains, with a specific focus on microclimates within an urban area. A prototype, low-cost air quality monitoring device has been developed to measure the concentrations of particulate matter, ozone, and carbon monoxide multiple times per minute. The device communicates data wirelessly via cell towers, and can run off-grid using a solar PV-battery system. The device can be replicated and deployed across urban regions for high-fidelity emissions monitoring to explore the effect of anthropogenic and environmental factors on intra-hour air quality. Hardware and software used in the device is described, and the wireless data communication protocols and capabilities are discussed.

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Date Created
  • 2015-05

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Improving on 802.11: Streaming Audio and Quality of Service

Description

Ad hoc wireless networks present several interesting problems, one of which is Medium Access Control (MAC). Medium Access Control is a fundamental problem deciding who get to transmit next. MAC

Ad hoc wireless networks present several interesting problems, one of which is Medium Access Control (MAC). Medium Access Control is a fundamental problem deciding who get to transmit next. MAC protocols for ad hoc wireless networks must also be distributed, because the network is multi-hop. The 802.11 Wi-Fi protocol is often used in ad hoc networking. An alternative protocol, REACT, uses the metaphor of an auction to compute airtime allocations for each node, then realizes those allocations by tuning the contention window parameter using a tuning protocol called SALT. 802.11 is inherently unfair due to how it returns the contention window to its minimum size after successfully transmitting, while REACT’s distributed auction nature allows nodes to negotiate an allocation where all nodes get a fair portion of the airtime. A common application in the network is audio streaming. Audio streams are dependent on having good Quality of Service (QoS) metrics, such as delay or jitter, due to their real-time nature.

Experiments were conducted to determine the performance of REACT/SALT compared to 802.11 in a streaming audio application on a physical wireless testbed, w-iLab.t. Four experiments were designed, using four different wireless node topologies, and QoS metrics were collected using Qosium. REACT performs better in these these topologies, when the mean value is calculated across each run. For the butterfly and star topology, the variance was higher for REACT even though the mean was lower. In the hidden terminal and exposed node topology, the performance of REACT was much better than 802.11 and converged more tightly, but had drops in quality occasionally.

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  • 2019-12

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Software Defined Applications in Cellular and Optical Networks

Description

Small wireless cells have the potential to overcome bottlenecks in wireless access through the sharing of spectrum resources. A novel access backhaul network architecture based on a Smart Gateway (Sm-GW)

Small wireless cells have the potential to overcome bottlenecks in wireless access through the sharing of spectrum resources. A novel access backhaul network architecture based on a Smart Gateway (Sm-GW) between the small cell base stations, e.g., LTE eNBs, and the conventional backhaul gateways, e.g., LTE Servicing/Packet Gateways (S/P-GWs) has been introduced to address the bottleneck. The Sm-GW flexibly schedules uplink transmissions for the eNBs. Based on software defined networking (SDN) a management mechanism that allows multiple operator to flexibly inter-operate via multiple Sm-GWs with a multitude of small cells has been proposed. This dissertation also comprehensively survey the studies that examine the SDN paradigm in optical networks. Along with the PHY functional split improvements, the performance of Distributed Converged Cable Access Platform (DCCAP) in the cable architectures especially for the Remote-PHY and Remote-MACPHY nodes has been evaluated. In the PHY functional split, in addition to the re-use of infrastructure with a common FFT module for multiple technologies, a novel cross functional split interaction to cache the repetitive QAM symbols across time at the remote node to reduce the transmission rate requirement of the fronthaul link has been proposed.

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Date Created
  • 2017