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Display of Domain III from Dengue 2 Envelope Protein on HBsAg Virus-like Particles Vectored by Measles Virus

Description

Dengue virus infects millions of people every year. Yet there is still no vaccine available to prevent it. Here we use a neutralizing epitope determinant on the dengue envelope (E) protein as an immunogen to be vectored by a measles

Dengue virus infects millions of people every year. Yet there is still no vaccine available to prevent it. Here we use a neutralizing epitope determinant on the dengue envelope (E) protein as an immunogen to be vectored by a measles virus (MV) vaccine. However the domain III (DIII) of the dengue 2 E protein is too small to be immunogenic by itself. In order for it to be displayed on a larger particle, it was inserted into the amino terminus of small hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, S) coding sequence. To generate the recombinant MV vector and verify the efficiency of this concept, a reverse genetics system was used where the MV vectors express one or two additional transcription units to direct the assembly of hybrid HBsAg particles. Two types of recombinant measles virus were produced: pB(+)MVvac2(DIII-S,S)P and pB(+)MVvac2(DIII-S)N. Virus recovered from pB(+)MVvac2(DIII-S,S)P was viable. An ELISA assay was performed to demonstrate the expression and secretion of HBsAg. Supernatant from MVvac2(DIII-S,S)P infected cells confirmed that hybrid HBsAg-domain III particles with a density similar to traditional HBsAg particles were released. Characteristics of the subviral particle have been analyzed for the successful incorporation of domain III. The replication fitness of the recombinant MV was evaluated using multi-step growth kinetics and showed reduced replication fitness when compared to the parental strain MVvac2. This demonstrates that viral replication is hindered by the addition of the two inserts into MV genome. Further analysis of MVvac2(DIII-S)N is needed to justify immune response studies in a small animal model using both of the generated recombinant vectors.

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Created

Date Created
2014-05

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Van Dijk Thesis

Description

Memory CD8+ T cells protect against secondary viral infections. They develop and maintain exclusively in circulation (e.g. central memory - Tcm) or are excluded from re-circulation (resident memory - Trm). The extracellular ATP receptor P2RX7 promotes both Tcm and Trm

Memory CD8+ T cells protect against secondary viral infections. They develop and maintain exclusively in circulation (e.g. central memory - Tcm) or are excluded from re-circulation (resident memory - Trm). The extracellular ATP receptor P2RX7 promotes both Tcm and Trm generation. High (P2RX7hi) P2RX7-expressing early effector cells show survival, memory and pluripotency genes. Conversely, many terminal effector (TE) and apoptosis genes are upregulated in low (P2RX7lo) P2RX7-expressing cells. Among these genes is the zinc-finger transcriptional repressor Zeb2, which promotes TE differentiation at the expense of the memory cell pool. Given that Zeb2 was higher in P2RX7lo early effector cells, we postulated that Zeb2 ablation would allow P2RX7-deficient CD8+ T cells to skew towards memory subsets. To test this, we used RNP-based CRISPR-Cas9 to knockout Zeb2 in wild type or P2RX7-deficient P14 cells. At the memory timepoint, Zeb2 ablation led to a rescue of the ability of P2RX7-deficient cells to differentiate into the CD62L+ Tcm and CD69hiCD103hi Trm subsets, as well as increase the population of each. Our data suggest that P2RX7 imprints a pro-memory signature that is, to some extent, dependent on the negative regulation of Zeb2.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-12

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Van Dijk Thesis Presentation

Description

Memory CD8+ T cells protect against secondary viral infections. They develop and maintain exclusively in circulation (e.g. central memory - Tcm) or are excluded from re-circulation (resident memory - Trm). The extracellular ATP receptor P2RX7 promotes both Tcm and Trm

Memory CD8+ T cells protect against secondary viral infections. They develop and maintain exclusively in circulation (e.g. central memory - Tcm) or are excluded from re-circulation (resident memory - Trm). The extracellular ATP receptor P2RX7 promotes both Tcm and Trm generation. High (P2RX7hi) P2RX7-expressing early effector cells show survival, memory and pluripotency genes. Conversely, many terminal effector (TE) and apoptosis genes are upregulated in low (P2RX7lo) P2RX7-expressing cells. Among these genes is the zinc-finger transcriptional repressor Zeb2, which promotes TE differentiation at the expense of the memory cell pool. Given that Zeb2 was higher in P2RX7lo early effector cells, we postulated that Zeb2 ablation would allow P2RX7-deficient CD8+ T cells to skew towards memory subsets. To test this, we used RNP-based CRISPR-Cas9 to knockout Zeb2 in wild type or P2RX7-deficient P14 cells. At the memory timepoint, Zeb2 ablation led to a rescue of the ability of P2RX7-deficient cells to differentiate into the CD62L+ Tcm and CD69hiCD103hi Trm subsets, as well as increase the population of each. Our data suggest that P2RX7 imprints a pro-memory signature that is, to some extent, dependent on the negative regulation of Zeb2.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-12

P2RX7 promotes a pro-memory signature in effector CD8+ T cells dependent on Zeb2 negative regulation

Description

Memory CD8+ T cells protect against secondary viral infections. They develop and maintain exclusively in circulation (e.g. central memory - Tcm) or are excluded from re-circulation (resident memory - Trm). The extracellular ATP receptor P2RX7 promotes both Tcm and Trm

Memory CD8+ T cells protect against secondary viral infections. They develop and maintain exclusively in circulation (e.g. central memory - Tcm) or are excluded from re-circulation (resident memory - Trm). The extracellular ATP receptor P2RX7 promotes both Tcm and Trm generation. High (P2RX7hi) P2RX7-expressing early effector cells show survival, memory and pluripotency genes. Conversely, many terminal effector (TE) and apoptosis genes are upregulated in low (P2RX7lo) P2RX7-expressing cells. Among these genes is the zinc-finger transcriptional repressor Zeb2, which promotes TE differentiation at the expense of the memory cell pool. Given that Zeb2 was higher in P2RX7lo early effector cells, we postulated that Zeb2 ablation would allow P2RX7-deficient CD8+ T cells to skew towards memory subsets. To test this, we used RNP-based CRISPR-Cas9 to knockout Zeb2 in wild type or P2RX7-deficient P14 cells. At the memory timepoint, Zeb2 ablation led to a rescue of the ability of P2RX7-deficient cells to differentiate into the CD62L+ Tcm and CD69hiCD103hi Trm subsets, as well as increase the population of each. Our data suggest that P2RX7 imprints a pro-memory signature that is, to some extent, dependent on the negative regulation of Zeb2.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-12