Optimization of the Production of Functional Antibodies to Discover Diagnostics and Therapeutics for Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's disease (AD), which currently affects approximately 5.4 million Americans, is a type of dementia, which causes memory, cognitive, and behavioral problems. AD is among the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States, typically affecting people ages 65 and older. Beta-Amyloid (Aβ) is an Alzheimer's target protein, which starts as a single protein, but can misfold and bind to itself, forming larger chains and eventually fibrils and plaques of Aβ in the brain. Antibodies that bind to different regions and sizes of Aβ may prevent progression into a more toxic stage. The antibody worked with in this thesis, A4 scFv, binds to oligomeric Aβ. The objective of this antibody research is to optimize the production of functional antibodies, specifically A4, through modifications in the scFv growth process, in order to enhance the discovery of possible diagnostics and therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease. In order to produce functional A4 antibody, four complex sugars were tested in the E. Coli bacterial culture growth media that expresses the desired antibody. The sugars: sucrose, glucose, mannitol, and sorbitol were used in the growth process to improve the yield of functional antibody. Through the steps of growth, purification, and dialysis, the sugar sorbitol was found to provide the optimal results of ending functional antibody concentration. Once an ample amount of functional A4 scFv is produced, it can be used in assays as a biomarker for Alzheimer's disease.