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Binge Drinking Behaviors among College Fraternity Members: An Exploration Using Theory of Planned Behavior

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Research indicates members of college Fraternities binge drinking at higher rates than their peers. Given the health and social consequences of binge drinking, it may be beneficial to explore binge drinking behaviors in this specific population. This study examined if

Research indicates members of college Fraternities binge drinking at higher rates than their peers. Given the health and social consequences of binge drinking, it may be beneficial to explore binge drinking behaviors in this specific population. This study examined if the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) predicts binge drinking behaviors of Fraternity students at Arizona State University. In a cross-sectional design, male Fraternity members (n=49) completed an online survey measuring their drinking behaviors and associated constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (i.e. attitudes, subjective norms, descriptive norms, behavioral control, and self-efficacy). Results indicated all participants reported drinking alcohol over the previous 30 days. TPB variables of attitudes (r =.658, p <0.01), subjective norms (r =.384, p <0.01), and self-efficacy (r =.487, p <.01) were significantly associated with the construct of intention to binge drink. Variables of descriptive norms (r=-.045, p>.05) and perceived control (r=-.060, p>.05) were not significantly associated with intention to binge drink. Binge drinking intention (r =.538, p <0.01) was also significantly associated with binge drinking behaviors in this population. Findings indicate favorably for TPB to describe binge drinking behaviors in University Fraternity students. Researchers designing interventions to prevent binge drinking may consider targeting TPB constructs attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy, as the current study indicates these are important factors associated with intention to binge drink, as well as actual binge drinking behaviors.

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2020-05

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Pursuing Excellence: Frame Analysis of Zeta Upsilon, a Sigma Nu Chapter

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The thesis focuses on the opportunity of receiving the Rock Chapter Award as a chapter of Sigma Nu Nationals and analyzes it using Bolman and Deal’s Four Frames. An introduction to Sigma Nu, its programs, the Zeta Upsilon chapter, and

The thesis focuses on the opportunity of receiving the Rock Chapter Award as a chapter of Sigma Nu Nationals and analyzes it using Bolman and Deal’s Four Frames. An introduction to Sigma Nu, its programs, the Zeta Upsilon chapter, and guidelines brings into perspective how members and a chapter can earn a Rock Chapter Award. The introduction highlights the structural emphasis on the award and its achievement, however an analysis offers insights on how to further tighten the bolts within the structure and offer support by aligning members needs and skills with Rock Chapter criteria. A multi-frame approach is further supported by discussing the symbolism behind Rock Chapter and how it can be used as cohesion between the rigidity of the structure and the softness of the people. The frame analysis provided some solutions, which include adding a form of officer hours, increasing the effectiveness of the treasurer, and improving the culture of the weekly meetings. The four frames offer various insights into what is missing and how leadership can utilize assets, such as the resources of Sigma Nu and even Zeta Upsilon, to inspire the pursuit of excellence. Further, the four frames opens the door for leadership to better prepare for future Pursuit of Excellence Self-Assessments or operations by not being confined to one frame, which is useful to Zeta Upsilon as the chapter has been conditioned to rely on a structural approach during its short time back on Arizona State’s campus.

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2021-05