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On Risk Prevention and Supervision of Local Trading Platforms for Financial Assets

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This dissertation focuses on risk prevention and regulatory issues of financial asset trading platforms, exploring the composition of a financial asset trading platform and its risks, formulating the general framework of platform risk prevention and regulation, and discussing the methodologies

This dissertation focuses on risk prevention and regulatory issues of financial asset trading platforms, exploring the composition of a financial asset trading platform and its risks, formulating the general framework of platform risk prevention and regulation, and discussing the methodologies for monitoring and managing the risk of financial assets trading platform. The dissertation is divided into eight chapters. The first chapter is the introduction, which discusses the current status in this research field, the motivation and significance of the research topic. The second chapter discusses the transaction cost theory, information asymmetry theory, financial risk management theory, financial supervision theory and other related basic theories related to financial asset trading platform risk prevention and supervision. The third chapter presents the definition, the main types, the generating mechanism and the transmission mechanism of the financial asset trading platform. The fourth chapter elaborates theoretically on the general framework of financial asset trading platform risk prevention and supervision based on the aspects of basic principles, key tasks, applicable methods and constituent elements. The fifth chapter discusses the performance of financial asset trading business, asset return trading business, financing business and information coupling business on financial asset trading platforms, and analyzes the risk prevention of financial asset trading platforms from a business perspective. The sixth chapter discusses the development of financial asset trading platforms in developed countries, and summarizes the experience and practice of their risk prevention and supervision based on four categories of business lines. On this basis, the dissertation draws the inspiration and implications for the future development of the trading platforms in our country. The seventh chapter puts forward policy recommendations regarding risk prevention and supervision of financial asset trading platforms in five aspects: legal positioning, credit information system, protection of consumer rights, self-discipline management and business supervision.

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Date Created
2017

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A Strategic Management Perspective of Fund Family Competition: Theories and Evidence from America and China

Description

Since the 2008 financial crisis, the total assets managed by U.S. mutual funds have frequently hit new highs and the industry has become increasingly concentrated. In the meantime, two strategies have emerged in the American mutual fund industry: active and

Since the 2008 financial crisis, the total assets managed by U.S. mutual funds have frequently hit new highs and the industry has become increasingly concentrated. In the meantime, two strategies have emerged in the American mutual fund industry: active and passive management. What factors affect the market shares of firms that adopted these two different strategies?

Building on strategic management theories, I suggest that mutual fund families that adopted active and passive management strategies tend to compete in different dimensions. Active management fund families tend to implement the product differentiation strategy, competing on “product quality” through excess-returns, innovative and differentiated fund products; passively managed fund families focus more on "price competition" by conducting an overall cost leadership strategy.

This research examines the driven factors of fund families’ market share. The results show that: the market share of actively managed fund families is more sensitive to positive impact of fund performance, while passive management firms are more sensitive to negative effect of management fees and total loads; 12b-1 expense improves the competitiveness of active fund families and thus enhance their market shares but it has negative impact on passive fund families. In addition, high turnover decreases the market share of all fund families, especially for passively managed families. The outcome reveals the latest US mutual industry orientation: products differentiation, turnover, management fee have greater impact on market share while the competition of fund performance is diminishing. The Matthew effect in US mutual fund industry is outstanding. Industrial competition dimension expands from performance and products to cost cutting.

Empirical analysis on Chinese mutual fund families is also conducted. Different from the US, there is only small number of mutual fund families targeting passive management products. The results show that the distribution channel has the largest impact on Chinese mutual fund family market share and investors are more willing to chase performance than to consider cost-efficient fund families. This study then analyses reasons behind the difference of Chinese and American mutual fund industries.

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Date Created
2018

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公司投融资期限错配、公司债信用利差与公司债投资

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期限错配策略利用滚动短期融资支持长期投资,滚动短期融资本身极易导致资金链紧张,产生流动性风险。利用手工收集的2006-2018年A股上市公司独特数据,本文系统考察了企业投融资期限错配对发行信用债信用利差的影响。本文发现,期限错配越严重的企业,越有可能在发行信用债时被要求更高的信用利差,对于民营上市公司发行信用债尤其如此;利用再融资环境和“钱荒”事件进行的作用机制检验表明,企业投融资期限错配对发行信用债利差的影响主要是因为期限错配蕴含着较高的流动性风险; 利用工具变量、双重差分法和替代性度量等一系列稳健性检验仍能得出一致结论。再者,利用2006-2018 年我国开放式基金年度持股数据,从基金投资组合与持仓调整两个角度,实证检验了期限错配行为对于基金投资行为的影响。研究发现,期限错配产生的财务风险会降低基金对期限错配上市公司发行信用债的投资规模;且在实施期限错配当年,基金对持有的该上市公司的信用债更可能进行减持,由此表明期限错配会影响基金投资策略的形成。进一步的分析显示,基金所在基金管理公司为中外合资时,上述基金投资行为更加明显;同时,当基金持有民营上市公司以及处于紧缩性货币政策环境时,期限错配对于基金投资行为的影响更大。
最后,本文考察了期限错配下基金投资信用债的经济后果,分别从基金业绩、基金收益波动率和基金流量这三个维度进行了检验。实证结果显示,在控制其他可能影响基金收益及收益波动率的因素后,对期限错配上市公司信用债持有比重越小及减持比例越大的基金,当年业绩越好,且收益的波动率越低。再次,对于基金投资者,本文利用净申购率作为基金流量的代理变量,检验发现,基金投资者更热忠于追逐采取减少持有期限错配上市公司信用债这一投资策略的基金,表现为这类基金有更多的资金净流入,而且,相对于个人投资者,上述基金投资者的投资偏好在我国的机构投资者中表现得更加明显。

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Date Created
2021

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中国民营企业的传承模型研究

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当前,民营企业已成为中国重要支撑力量,而未来5到10年,约有300多万家民营企业面临传承困境。但学术研究领域在传承整体框架、配套机制建设方面有完整论述、有成功案例的所见不多。首先,针对以上民营企业的传承现状,本文将研究、回答五个问题:1、成功传承的标准和要素是什么?2、传承模式有哪几种,每种模式配套的传承机制是什么,该如何建立?3、民营企业应选择何种传承模式,如何选择?4、民营企业的整套传承方案如何落地搭建?5、是否有普适性的、可借鉴的民营企业传承模型,包含哪些要素?
其次,本文主要使用文献研究、案例研究、实证分析,选取中、美、德、日四家不同传承阶段、不同传承模式的知名民营企业,对其传承情况进行深入研究。在此基础上,归纳总结出传承的关键要素,对前述五个问题进行系统解答。同时,本文创新性地结合理论研究、案例研究及企业实践,提出适合我国大部分民营企业的传承全周期管理框架。
最后,根据以上研究,本文总结出关于中国民营企业传承的八大结论及建议:1、本质:权力的交接和义务的传递;2、两大风险:继任风险(继任人的能力要求)、代理风险(继任人对企业核心理念的意愿/忠诚度);3、降低风险的四大机制:领袖锻造、人才梯队、管控治理、激励机制;4、两大成功要素:“选领袖”和“建机制”;5、四大机制是并行推进、相辅相成的,要尽早构建、持续优化;6、三大模式:家族成员继承、内生培养经理人、外聘职业经理人;7、民营企业传承模型包含七大要素、五大步骤;8、民营企业在制定传承方案时,除了要注意传承模型中的要素,还要注意其他关键要素。

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Date Created
2020

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基于因子的FOF组合构建应用

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近年来,中国内地FOF业务发展迅速,但在业务发展初期的实践中,FOF管理人在遴选基金资产和预测其未来收益等方面遇到诸多困难,传统的FOF组合构建技术往往不理想。本文借鉴海外因子配置相关理论,尝试通过归因分析基金的收益来源,寻找能深度刻画基金经理管理能力的特质因子,创新性地提出了基于权益类基金的特质因子构建FOF组合的新方法。本文选择100家权益类私募基金,通过因子拆解剥离了市场、行业、风格等共同影响因素,遴选出特质因子表现更优的基金经理,而不是仅仅选择过往业绩好的基金经理,并基于特质因子构建一组FOF组合,与此同时,运用传统方法构建基于基金资产的另一组FOF组合,对比两种组合方法的组合绩效,实证结果显示基于特质因子的FOF组合绩效更优。本文进一步运用转移概率矩阵和相关性分析,找到了基于特质因子的FOF组合绩效更优的证据,即特质因子延续性更好和相关性更低。与基于基金资产的FOF组合配置传统方法相比,由于基金的特质因子延续性更好,运用历史数据预测未来收益的确定性相对更好;基金的特质因子之间的相关性低,大幅增强了FOF组合配置的稳定性和分散性。总体来讲,基于特质因子的FOF组合配置方法为FOF管理人提供了一个更量化、更有效、更稳健的组合配置新路径,能有效提升FOF组合配置的绩效。

关键词: FOF、因子投资、组合配置、特质因子

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Date Created
2020

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互联网法拍对不良资产定价的影响研究

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本文对不良资产法拍定价的实践操作进行分析,选取一线、二线部分城市的住宅为主要研究对象,以主流互联网拍卖平台上真实成交的司法拍卖案例为样本,样本覆盖上海、杭州、苏州、南京等国内一二线城市主流司法拍卖资产,时间跨度为2017年至2020年。本文选取影响不良法拍资产定价的主要因素有:资产面积、位置、税费承担方式、参拍人数、加价轮数、租约情况等,以上述主要因素为自变量因素,以不良法拍资产价格偏离指数及参拍人数作为因变量。回归模型分别采用线性回归和二阶段最小二乘法,把资产面积、位置、税费承担方式、参拍人数、加价轮数、租约情况作为核心变量,研究各个因素对于不良资产拍卖成交价格的影响程度。本次所采用的回归分析中,由于研究的因果关系涉及因变量和两个以上自变量,因此在研究过程中选取六个核心变量,在系统梳理大量样本数据的基础上,利用数理统计方法建立因变量与自变量之间的回归模型,通过线性回归方法研究六个核心变量与因变量之间的关系,并通过二阶段最小二乘法来剔除核心区域、税费承担方式、租约情况对参拍人数的影响,最终得出核心变量对因变量的影响。经研究发现,位置、资产面积、税费承担方式、租约情况对△p呈负向影响,参拍人数、加价轮数对△p呈正向影响。

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Agent

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Date Created
2021