Matching Items (154)

132144-Thumbnail Image.png

Chinese Finance: Policy and Institutions

Description

This paper intends to examine topics related to Chinese financial policy and
institutions mainly in the early 21st century. China has gone through enormous changes in the late 20th

This paper intends to examine topics related to Chinese financial policy and
institutions mainly in the early 21st century. China has gone through enormous changes in the late 20th century and early 21st century, and financial policy reforms and adjustments have been at times instrumental to aiding that growth, and at other times have served as impediments to the country’s success. As China’s clout has grown both economically and politically in the wider world, it has become evermore important to understand the Chinese financial system, particularly as other authoritarian regimes may seek to emulate it in the perhaps recent future. The paper will examine the institutional elements of Chinese finance, including the broader structure of the party state apparatus and the role of legislative and executive authorities in determining financial policy. Next, the paper will go through both the legal-regulatory environment of the country and the structure of the preeminent Chinese banks. Finally, issues in Chinese monetary policy, particularly exchange rate system reforms, and the developing stock and bond markets will be addressed.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

132492-Thumbnail Image.png

Uncertainty of the Stock Market and its Effect on the U.S. Economy

Description

The purpose of this thesis is to educate the reader and share the relevant areas of the United States and its ever-so unpredictable stock and real estate market. It will

The purpose of this thesis is to educate the reader and share the relevant areas of the United States and its ever-so unpredictable stock and real estate market. It will further detail, how investing in stocks can be beneficial or negative to one’s financial portfolio. This article explains and dissects the areas of the U.S. market and possibly dependent economy. The foundational definition and the basics of buying, selling and trading in the stock market is a very intricate process. There are various causes and concerns about how the stock market affects the economy and vice versa, how the economy affects the financial markets. As a theoretical framework, this topic will take a deep dive into the 2008 recession and the devastating effects it had on the global economy and financial markets. Furthermore, I will explain what steps the government took, the key decisions and incentives placed to pull itself out and what strategies and laws were passed to ensure that such a drastic crash would not repeat.
The goal of this thesis is to further educate the reader about the realities of the U.S stock market. Whether that be the risks or the benefits, it is important for every young adult and those that have invested in the past, to have extensive knowledge about how our stock market. It is true that the stock market affects the overall economy, however, it can be said that the economy has a significant effect on the stock market as well. Investing in the stock market is not something that Americans are forced to learn about, and many millennials have the, “Why should I care about that?” mindset when it comes to learning about the pros and cons of the Financial markets. This trend is very alarming because when done right, investing in the stock market can truly pay dividends. A cultural shift towards learning financial nuances should be incorporated in all education and more of the next generation should be educated and given this awareness. This article will not address the newer entrants such as crypto-currency, because that is more of a fad rather than a largescale market that would affect the overall economy.
The second goal with this thesis is to explain how the stock market affects the overall economy, as it is one of many significant factors. This goal may be slightly more difficult as there are so many variables in the US economy, such as changes in the global economy. One can also argue that the stock market is a supplement of the current economy. Addressing the financial markets and behavior, this conclusion will eventually address different variables and focus on the markets and how they affect the United States economy.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

Retail Roulette: An Analysis on the Impact of E-commerce on the Retail Industry

Description

The retail industry has experienced significant change and evolution in the past decade—perhaps more than any other consumer discretionary industry in the marketplace. The rapid growth and expansion of e-commerce

The retail industry has experienced significant change and evolution in the past decade—perhaps more than any other consumer discretionary industry in the marketplace. The rapid growth and expansion of e-commerce has been a key catalyst in driving such evolution. As consumer preferences have evolved, and their demand for convenience and expedited service has increased, e-commerce has been a become a preferred channel for making purchases. What started out as a medium for purchasing everyday goods, such as clothing, has become a vast marketplace where buyers can find just about anything they need or want online – even groceries.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

132899-Thumbnail Image.png

The Golden Teddy Bear: A Children’s Book on Financial Education

Description

For my thesis, I chose to write a children’s book on financial education. The purpose of the book is to introduce financial terms such as savings, loans, and opportunity cost

For my thesis, I chose to write a children’s book on financial education. The purpose of the book is to introduce financial terms such as savings, loans, and opportunity cost into a child’s life. The goal of the book is to inspire young individuals to start having open discussions about their finances and what these terms mean as well as how it applies to their daily lives.

The inspiration of the book came from my personal upbringing. I was born and raised in Mesa, Arizona, where I would see title loans businesses in every street corner. Many close family friends grew a dependency on these loans. As I grew older, I became aware of the long-term effects these businesses had on these families and I became inspired to make a change.

My book is meant to introduce simple financial terms into a child’s life with the hopes that they will begin to converse with family and friends about these terms. My book specifically incorporates the terms: loans, opportunity costs, savings, and affordability. These four topics were chosen through surveying a high school class by gathering information such as what they know, how much they know, and what they would like to learn more about. The intended audience would be students reading at a 3rd grade reading level. This grade level is ideal for my book based off information found on the Arizona Department of Education’s website. Final revisions were done with the help of my committee as well as through feedback received from children.

The book itself is 31 pages long with illustrations on every page. The illustrations consist of photographs and drawings. The drawings were purposely placed, roughly, and without color, on the photographs to symbolize the rough patches in life in yet a colorful world.

Proposition 1184 plays a major role in the future of my book. Proposition 1184 is
currently working its way through the Arizona legislature and would require all high school students to take a class on financial basics, replacing the current economics class requirement. I plan to continue working with Mesa Public Schools to get my book, or a similar project, incorporated into the Mesa Public Schools curriculum. I envision the book starting discussions related to financial topics which will in turn familiarize children with these terms’ definitions and begin the movement of financial education in Arizona.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

134038-Thumbnail Image.png

Easy Guide to Bonds

Description

This thesis aims to promote financial literacy in the community. It was driven by the realization that there was a lack of basic financial knowledge among people at ASU and

This thesis aims to promote financial literacy in the community. It was driven by the realization that there was a lack of basic financial knowledge among people at ASU and beyond. The people involved in the reason for the guide had all heard of bonds and understood the basic concepts, but lacked the knowledge of the finite details. The research starts with an overview of the United States bond market and focuses on the creation of a short simple guide. The goal is that anyone can read the guide and have a basic understanding of bonds, talk to financial managers, and do some basic investing. The easy guide is basically a two-page crash course on investing in bonds. Anyone can take a class or watch a video on bonds, but how do they actually start investing in them? This thesis works to answer this question by providing knowledge of real world application. The goal is to take knowledge beyond a book or video and learn from actively investing in a safe and clear way. Bonds are a very useful tool in investing and provide safe returns. The investing proposed is one that would be an alternative to putting money into a savings account. The guide recommends a good starting point of a way to invest in bonds (Specifically the US Treasury). At the same time does some analysis on other investing options for more advanced investors. The work includes an analysis of five bond portfolios and the calculations of finding their actual returns after loads and other fees.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017-12

134247-Thumbnail Image.png

An Analysis of the Profitability of Hilton's 2007 Leveraged Buyout

Description

Leveraged buyouts have gone in and out of popularity over the last four decades. The first wave began in the 1980's with the rising popularity of junk bonds, followed by

Leveraged buyouts have gone in and out of popularity over the last four decades. The first wave began in the 1980's with the rising popularity of junk bonds, followed by years of economic downturn, and then a rise and respective fall from the dot com era. However, in the 2000's, attitudes were high and a period of low interest rates, covenant-lite loans, and relaxed lending conditions gave rise to some of the largest leveraged buyouts in US history. As the name implies, leveraged buyouts are predominantly structured with debt, around 70% of the total transaction value. Private equity firms execute leveraged buyouts on companies in strong industries, who have proven, stable cash flows, with the intent of cutting costs, divesting unneeded assets, and making the chain more efficient. After a time period of five to seven years, the private equity firm exits the deal through an initial public offering of the target company, a sale to another buyer, or dividend recapitalization. The Blackstone Group is one of the largest private equity firms in the US, and, with the favorable leveraged buyout conditions, especially in the real estate market, it wanted to build its real estate portfolio with an acquisition of Hilton Hotels & Resorts. At the time of consideration, Hilton was one of the largest hotel companies in the world, but was beginning to lag compared to its competitors Marriott and Starwood. After months of talks, Hilton agreed to be bought out by Blackstone at $47.50/share, for a total purchase price of $26bn. Blackstone had injected $5.7 of its own equity into the deal. The Great Recession caused a lot of investors to worry about Hilton's debt obligations, and Blackstone was able to restructure a significant portion of the debt to benefit both themselves and their creditors. As new CEO, Christopher J. Nassetta was able to strengthen Hilton by rearranging management, increasing franchising fees, expanding its capital-lite segments, and building more rooms internationally, Hilton was able to grow quicker than its competitors from 2007-2013 while minimizing operating expenses. On December 2, 2013, Hilton went public on the NYSE as HLT. Its enterprise value increased from $26bn to $33bn, and Blackstone was able to achieve an internal rate of return of 19%, while continuing to own 75% of Hilton's shares.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

133837-Thumbnail Image.png

The Monetization of Autonomous Vehicle Data

Description

Autonomous vehicles (AV) are capable of producing massive amounts of real time and precise data. This data has the ability to present new business possibilities across a vast amount of

Autonomous vehicles (AV) are capable of producing massive amounts of real time and precise data. This data has the ability to present new business possibilities across a vast amount of markets. These possibilities range from simple applications to unprecedented use cases. With this in mind, the three main objectives we sought to accomplish in our thesis were to: Understand if there is monetization potential in autonomous vehicle data Create a financial model of what detailing the viability of AV data monetization Discover how a particular company (Company X) can take advantage of this opportunity, and outline how that company might access this autonomous vehicle data. First, in order to brainstorm how this data could be monetized, we generated potential use cases, defined probable customers of these use cases, and how the data could generate value to customers as a means to understand what the "price" of autonomous vehicle data might be. While we came up with an extensive list of potential data monetization use cases, we evaluated our list of use cases against six criteria to narrow our focus into the following five: Government, Insurance Companies, Mapping, Marketing purposes, and Freight. Based on our research, we decided to move forward with the insurance industry as a proof of concept for autonomous vehicle data monetization. Based on our modeling, we concluded there is a significant market for autonomous vehicle data monetization moving forward. Data accessibility is a key driver in how profitable a particular company and their competitors can be in this space. In order to effectively monetize this data, it would first be important to understand the method by which a company obtains access to the data in the first place. Ultimately, based on our analysis, Company X has positioned itself well to take advantage of the new trends in autonomous vehicle technology. With more strategic investments and innovation, Company X can be a key benefactor of this unprecedented space in the near future.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

136098-Thumbnail Image.png

Local Freight Optimization

Description

In order to discover if Company X's current system of local trucking is the most efficient and cost-effective way to move freight between sites in the Western U.S., we will

In order to discover if Company X's current system of local trucking is the most efficient and cost-effective way to move freight between sites in the Western U.S., we will compare the current system to varying alternatives to see if there are potential avenues for Company X to create or implement an improved cost saving freight movement system.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015-05

136099-Thumbnail Image.png

Foundry Opportunities

Description

Company X is one of the world's largest semiconductor companies in the world, having a current market capitalization of 177.44 Billion USD, an enterprise value of 173.6 Billion USD, and

Company X is one of the world's largest semiconductor companies in the world, having a current market capitalization of 177.44 Billion USD, an enterprise value of 173.6 Billion USD, and generated 52.7 billion USD in revenue in fiscal year 2013. Recently, Company X has been looking to expand its Foundry business. The Foundry business in the semiconductor business is the actual process of making the chips. This process can be approached in several different ways by companies who need their chips built. A company, like TSMC, can be considered a pure-play company and only makes chips for other companies. A fabless company, like Apple, creates its own chip design and then allows another company to build them. It also uses other chip designs for its products, but outsources the building to another company. Lastly, the integrated device manufacturing companies like Samsung or Company X both design and build the chip. The foundry industry is a rather novel market for Company X because it owns less than 1 percent of the market. However, the industry itself is rather large, generating a total of 40 billion dollars in revenue annually, with expectations to have increasing year over year growth into the foreseeable future. The industry is fairly concentrated with TSMC being the top competitor, owning roughly 50 percent of the market with Samsung and Global Foundries lagging behind as notable competitors. It is a young industry and there is potential opportunity for companies that want to get into the business. For Company X, it is not only another market to get into, but also an added business segment to supplant their business segments that are forecasted to do poorly in the near future. This thesis will analyze the financial opportunity for Company X in the foundry space. Our final product is a series of P&L's which illustrate our findings. The results of our analysis were presented and defended in front of a panel of Company X managers and executives.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2015-05

134504-Thumbnail Image.png

Industrial Benefits and Detractors of Asteroid Mining

Description

Goal of paper: To discuss the benefits and detractors of asteroid mining, and whether this is a task that should be undertaken now, or if something needs to change before

Goal of paper: To discuss the benefits and detractors of asteroid mining, and whether this is a task that should be undertaken now, or if something needs to change before real strides can be made in the field. Findings: After research and looking at what companies are currently doing, I have found several different benefits and detractors of asteroid mining. The main benefit of asteroid mining is acquiring the resources at the end of the project, whether those resources are raw metals being brought back to Earth or water that will be used as fuel for deep space travel. Those resources are extremely valuable and can create a huge profit for the company that acquires them. However, these resources can take an extremely long time to acquire, at least 20 years. So, while this industry can be extremely lucrative, it may take quite a long time and will need plenty of funding and side ventures to stay afloat long enough to reach that goal. Overall, if financed properly asteroid mining can be extremely profitable.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05