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Balance of System Cost Analysis to Investigate Future Economic Competitiveness of Tandem Solar Cells

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As single junction silicon based solar cells approach their Shockley\u2014Queasier (SQ) conversion efficiency limits, tandem solar cells (TSC) provide an attractive prospect for higher efficiency cells. Although TSCs have been shown to be more efficient, their higher fabrication costs are

As single junction silicon based solar cells approach their Shockley\u2014Queasier (SQ) conversion efficiency limits, tandem solar cells (TSC) provide an attractive prospect for higher efficiency cells. Although TSCs have been shown to be more efficient, their higher fabrication costs are a limiting factor for their economic competitiveness and large-scale integration in PV power systems. Current literature suggests that even with reduced costs of fabrication in the future, TSCs still offer no competitive benefit for integration in utility-scale systems and may yield minimal benefits only in places where area-related costs are high. This work investigates Balance of Systems (BoS) circumstances under which TSCs can attain economic viability in scenarios where the necessary technological advances are made to increase the efficiency of solar cells beyond the SQ limit.

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2017-05

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JOB ORDER CONTRACTING COST AND BENEFITS ANALYSIS RESEARCH

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The Performance Based Studies Research Studies Group (PBSRG) at Arizona State University (ASU) has been studying the cause of increased cost and time in construction and other projects for the last 20 years. Through two longitudinal studies with a grou

The Performance Based Studies Research Studies Group (PBSRG) at Arizona State University (ASU) has been studying the cause of increased cost and time in construction and other projects for the last 20 years. Through two longitudinal studies with a group of owners in the state of Minnesota (400 tests over six years) and the US Army Medical Command (400 tests over four years), the client/buyer has been identified as the largest risk and source of project cost and time deviations. This has been confirmed by over 1,500 tests conducted over the past 20 years. The focus of this research effort is to analyze the economic and performance impact of a delivery process of construction called the Job Order Contracting (JOC) process, to evaluate the value (in terms of time, cost, and customer satisfaction) achieved when utilizing JOC over other traditional methods to complete projects. JOC's strength is that it minimizes the need for the owner to manage, direct and control (MDC) through a lengthy traditional process of design, bid, and award of a construction contract. The study identifies the potential economic savings of utilizing JOC. This paper looks at the results of an ongoing study surveying eight different public universities. The results of the research show that in comparison to more traditional models, JOC has large cost savings, and is preferable among most owners who have used multiple delivery systems.

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2015-12

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Applying Industrial Engineering to Optimize Swim Stroke Economy

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The U.S. Navy and other amphibious military organizations utilize a derivation of the traditional side stroke called the Combat Side Stroke, or CSS, and tout it as the most efficient technique available. Citing its low aerobic requirements and slow yet

The U.S. Navy and other amphibious military organizations utilize a derivation of the traditional side stroke called the Combat Side Stroke, or CSS, and tout it as the most efficient technique available. Citing its low aerobic requirements and slow yet powerful movements as superior to the traditionally-best front crawl (freestyle), the CSS is the go-to stroke for any operation in the water. The purpose of this thesis is to apply principles of Industrial Engineering to a real-world situation not typically approached from a perspective of optimization. I will analyze pre-existing data about various swim strokes in order to compare them in terms of efficiency for different variables. These variables include calories burned, speed, and strokes per unit distance, as well as their interactions. Calories will be measured by heart rate monitors, converting BPM to calories burned. Speed will be measured by stopwatch and observer. Strokes per unit distance will be measured by observer. The strokes to be analyzed include the breast stroke, crawl stroke, butterfly, and combat side stroke. The goal is to informally test the U.S. Navy's claim that the combat side stroke is the optimum stroke to conserve energy while covering distance. Because of limitations in the scope of the project, analysis will be done using data collected from literary sources rather than through experimentation. This thesis will include a design of experiment to test the findings here in practical study. The main method of analysis will be linear programming, followed by hypothesis testing, culminating in a design of experiment for future progress on this topic.

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2014-12

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An Empirical Approach to Developing Leadership Skills: Engaging High School Students in Professional Education

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The Performance Based Studies Research Group (PBSRG) has developed industry-tested leadership and management techniques that have been proven to increase organizational performance. The Leadership Society of Arizona (LSA) has worked closely with PBSRG to develop an educational framework that introduces

The Performance Based Studies Research Group (PBSRG) has developed industry-tested leadership and management techniques that have been proven to increase organizational performance. The Leadership Society of Arizona (LSA) has worked closely with PBSRG to develop an educational framework that introduces these leadership concepts to college students. LSA is now endeavoring to make this curriculum more accessible for K-12 students and educators. As part of a thesis creative project, the author has developed a strategy to connect with and enable local high schools, teachers, and students to engage with the professional industry and higher education. This strategy will allow LSA to connect with up to 150 high school students over the summer of 2016. By making this education easily accessible, the author has accomplished a milestone in the larger effort encompassed by LSA. The course chosen to present to high school students is an abridged variation of the Barrett Honors College course "Deductive Logic: Leadership and Management Techniques". The class framework is designed to instantiate a self-sustaining program for future summer school courses. The summer school course will allow high school students to learn, understand, and apply college level concepts into their education, work, and personal lives. The development of the framework for the program encompasses networking/partnering efforts, marketing package creation, and the delivery of the summer school course over the months of June and July in 2016.

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2016-05