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Development of Frequency Selective Surfaces for RF Interrogator Design

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The honors thesis presented in this document describes an extension to an electrical engineering capstone project whose scope is to develop the receiver electronics for an RF interrogator. The RF interrogator functions by detecting the change in resonant frequency

The honors thesis presented in this document describes an extension to an electrical engineering capstone project whose scope is to develop the receiver electronics for an RF interrogator. The RF interrogator functions by detecting the change in resonant frequency of (i.e, frequency of maximum backscatter from) a target resulting from an environmental input. The general idea of this honors project was to design three frequency selective surfaces that would act as surrogate backscattering or reflecting targets that each contains a distinct frequency response. Using 3-D electromagnetic simulation software, three surrogate targets exhibiting bandpass frequency responses at distinct frequencies were designed and presented in this thesis.

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2021-05

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Modeling, Analysis, and Design of an Omni-Directional Ball-Balancing Robot

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The focus of this project investigates high mobility robotics by developing a fully integrated framework for a ball-balancing robot. Using Lagrangian mechanics, a model for the robot was derived and used to conduct trade studies on significant system parameters. With

The focus of this project investigates high mobility robotics by developing a fully integrated framework for a ball-balancing robot. Using Lagrangian mechanics, a model for the robot was derived and used to conduct trade studies on significant system parameters. With a broad understanding of system dynamics, controllers were designed using LQR methodology. A prototype was then built and tested to exhibit desired reference command following and disturbance attenuation.

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2019-05

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Dual-Band Wi-Fi Tracking Antenna System

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This thesis is done as an extension of the development of an electrical engineering capstone project. The goal of the capstone is to create a system that can receive a 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi signal out to a range of 300

This thesis is done as an extension of the development of an electrical engineering capstone project. The goal of the capstone is to create a system that can receive a 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi signal out to a range of 300 meters and then use it to point in the direction of a given Wi-Fi source. The design process of the capstone system is described in depth and the results of the proposed design are presented. The thesis work explores how this system can achieve a dual band capability at both 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wi-Fi bands. So, a slotted patch antenna system with a slotted ground plane was designed and tested and proved to deliver the ideal characteristics for accurate signal tracking.

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2022-05

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Flexible Fractal-Inspired Metamaterial for Head Imaging at 3 T MRI

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The ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to image any part of the human body without the effects of harmful radiation such as in CAT and PET scans established MRI as a clinical mainstay for a variety of different ailments

The ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to image any part of the human body without the effects of harmful radiation such as in CAT and PET scans established MRI as a clinical mainstay for a variety of different ailments and maladies. Short wavelengths accompany the high frequencies present in high-field MRI, and are on the same scale as the human body at a static magnetic field strength of 3 T (128 MHz). As a result of these shorter wavelengths, standing wave effects are produced in the MR bore where the patient is located. These standing waves generate bright and dark spots in the resulting MR image, which correspond to irregular regions of high and low clarity. Coil loading is also an inevitable byproduct of subject positioning inside the bore, which decreases the signal that the region of interest (ROI) receives for the same input power. Several remedies have been proposed in the literature to remedy the standing wave effect, including the placement of high permittivity dielectric pads (HPDPs) near the ROI. Despite the success of HPDPs at smoothing out image brightness, these pads are traditionally bulky and take up a large spatial volume inside the already small MR bore. In recent years, artificial periodic structures known as metamaterials have been designed to exhibit specific electromagnetic effects when placed inside the bore. Although typically thinner than HPDPs, many metamaterials in the literature are rigid and cannot conform to the shape of the patient, and some are still too bulky for practical use in clinical settings. The well-known antenna engineering concept of fractalization, or the introduction of self-similar patterns, may be introduced to the metamaterial to display a specific resonance curve as well as increase the metamaterial’s intrinsic capacitance. Proposed in this paper is a flexible fractal-inspired metamaterial for application in 3 T MR head imaging. To demonstrate the advantages of this flexibility, two different metamaterial configurations are compared to determine which produces a higher localized signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and average signal measured in the image: in the first configuration, the metamaterial is kept rigid underneath a human head phantom to represent metamaterials in the literature (single-sided placement); and in the second, the metamaterial is wrapped around the phantom to utilize its flexibility (double-sided placement). The double-sided metamaterial setup was found to produce an increase in normalized SNR of over 5% increase in five of six chosen ROIs when compared to no metamaterial use and showed a 10.14% increase in the total average signal compared to the single-sided configuration.

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2022-05

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Modeling and Design of Controlled Rocket Descent Systems

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This project examines the dynamics and design of control systems for a rocket in propulsive ascent and descent using a simplified model with motion constrained to a vertical plane. The governing differential equations are analyzed. They are then linearized, after

This project examines the dynamics and design of control systems for a rocket in propulsive ascent and descent using a simplified model with motion constrained to a vertical plane. The governing differential equations are analyzed. They are then linearized, after which transfer functions are derived relating controllable input variables to controlled output variables. The effect of changes in various parameters as well as other aspects of the system are examined. Methods for controller design based on the derived transfer functions are discussed. This will include the discussion of control of the final descent and landing of the rocket. Lastly, there is a brief discussion about both the successes and limitations of the model analyzed.

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2021-12