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Risk Factors for Perceived Increases in Smoking Due to COVID-19

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Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, declared in March of 2020, there have been many lifestyle changes which have likely influenced tobacco smoking behavior. Such lifestyle changes include lockdowns, stay at home orders, reduction in social cues related to smoking, increased

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, declared in March of 2020, there have been many lifestyle changes which have likely influenced tobacco smoking behavior. Such lifestyle changes include lockdowns, stay at home orders, reduction in social cues related to smoking, increased stress, and boredom among other things. This study utilized a cross-sectional survey which looked into these behaviors, primarily perceived risk to COVID-19, and determined if there is an association between perceived risk and education level/race. Education level is a proxy for income and material resources, therefore making it more likely that people with lower levels of education have fewer resources and higher perceived risk to negative effects of COVID-19. Additionally, people of color are often marginalized in the medical community along with being the target of heavy advertising by tobacco companies which have likely impacted risk to COVID-19 as well.

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2021-05

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Alternative Medicine Perspectives Among 1.5 Generation Indian American Immigrants

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This study evaluates medical pluralism among 1.5 generation Indian American immigrants. 1.5 generation Indian Americans (N=16) were surveyed regarding their engagement in complementary and alternative medical systems (CAM), how immigration affected that, and reasons for and for not continuing the

This study evaluates medical pluralism among 1.5 generation Indian American immigrants. 1.5 generation Indian Americans (N=16) were surveyed regarding their engagement in complementary and alternative medical systems (CAM), how immigration affected that, and reasons for and for not continuing the use of CAM. Results indicated most 1.5 Indian immigrants currently engage in CAM, given that their parents also engage in CAM. The top reasons respondents indicated continued engagement in CAM was that it has no side effects and is preventative. Reasons for not practicing CAM included feeling out of place, not living with parents or not believing in CAM. After immigration, most participants decreased or stopped their engagement in CAM. More women than men continued to practice CAM after immigration. From the results, it was concluded that CAM is still important to 1.5 generation Indian immigrants.

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2020-05

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Understanding Food Pathways and Their Association with Illness: An Examination of Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) in College Students with a focus on Underserved Populations and Survey Development Techniques.

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Eosinophilic Esophagitis, EoE, is a newer autoimmune chronic esophageal inflammatory illness that results from food allergen triggers (Lucendo, 2017). EoE has created a wide range of diagnostic challenges for physicians because of the similarities that it has compared to gastroesophageal

Eosinophilic Esophagitis, EoE, is a newer autoimmune chronic esophageal inflammatory illness that results from food allergen triggers (Lucendo, 2017). EoE has created a wide range of diagnostic challenges for physicians because of the similarities that it has compared to gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD. Current research indicates that EoE predominately impacts males at higher rates compared to females, while White males are most affected by and at risk for developing EoE compared to people of other racial and ethnic backgrounds (Sperry, 2012). Despite these findings, there continues to be an absence of research on social factors and identities like gender, race, ethnicity, income, sexuality and more, that are neglected in understanding how these features interact with EoE. Thus, the purpose of this thesis was to provide more evidence on identity and social aspects in relation to EoE that remain ignored and explain why there might be difficulties in investigating these topics. Moreover, a survey was also developed in order to better understand the current EoE population between the ages of 18 to 26, in which the transition from pediatric to adult care occurs. Language has been shown to affect patient’s care and treatment regarding their health because of discriminations that patients have been subjected to in the past. Therefore, it is important to discuss the role played by language and political correctness, especially within surveys. This thesis will explore the depth of study that has been completed within neglected areas of research surrounding marginalized communities, while providing new insights and questions for future possible research regarding EoE. This will be accomplished by discussing the existing problems within each topic and draw conclusions as to why EoE research may have been hindered within these neglected subjects. This project will provide a literature review, survey development, and language strategies for conducting inclusive and diverse populations and research topics centered around EoE.

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2020-12