Matching Items (17)

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Latina Women in STEM: How Race and Class Shape the Experiences of Undergraduate Women in STEM Majors at Arizona State University

Description

Women and people of color are some of the most underrepresented groups in the STEM field (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). The purpose of this study was to uncover the

Women and people of color are some of the most underrepresented groups in the STEM field (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). The purpose of this study was to uncover the barriers that undergraduate Hispanic women, as well as other women of color, face while pursuing an education in a STEM-related major at Arizona State University (ASU). In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 adult participants to dig deeper into the experiences of each woman and analyze how race and class overlap in each of the women's experiences. The concept of intersectionality was used to highlight various barriers such as perceptions of working versus middle-class students, the experience of being a first-generation college student, diversity campus-wide and in the classroom, effects of stereotyping, and impacts of mentorships. All women, no matter their gender, race, or socioeconomic status, faced struggles with stereotyping, marginalization, and isolation. Women in STEM majors at ASU performed better when provided with positive mentorships and grew aspirations to become a professional in the STEM field when encouraged and guided by someone who helped them build their scientific identities. Working-class women suffered from severe stress related to finances, family support, employment, and stereotyping. Reforming the culture of STEM fields in higher education will allow women to achieve success, further build their scientific identities, and increase the rate of women graduating with STEM degrees.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Age distribution in caller descriptions of seizure-like symptoms in 9-1-1 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest calls

Description

Given the high prevalence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), the low survival rate, the high morbidity rate, and the significant cost to both the patient and the system, it is

Given the high prevalence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), the low survival rate, the high morbidity rate, and the significant cost to both the patient and the system, it is imperative that we address any and all factors that contribute to recognition of a OHCA case, any barriers that prevent chest compressions, and improve medical care to treat OHCA events in order to increase survival rate, decrease morbidity, and lessen the economical burden of cardiac arrest events. Additionally, understanding the relationship between seizures and OHCA can help medical professionals, including Neurologists and other doctors, to explain to the public when one should call into EMS regarding a seizure-like event in the event of a possible OHCA. This would help to address and alleviate the result of this major public health concern.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

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Barriers and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Alcohol Treatment Settings

Description

The purpose of this literature review is to examine barriers to the implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for alcohol treatment and approaches to facilitate adoption of EBPs in alcohol treatment

The purpose of this literature review is to examine barriers to the implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for alcohol treatment and approaches to facilitate adoption of EBPs in alcohol treatment settings. Although EBPs represent the most effective forms of treatment, many treatment centers continue to use treatments that lack an empirical foundation. Examining current research on implementation barriers allows for a more complete understanding of factors that may prevent treatment centers from adopting EBPs, and a categorization of EBP implementation strategies and rates of adoption may aid programs seeking to utilizes EBPs. This literature review is also designed to inform a future study of EBP implementation in treatment centers in the greater Phoenix area, which will ultimately serve as a resource to individuals seeking EBPs in the local community. Research on barriers conveyed that there are two types of barriers: global and EBP specific. At the global level, there are core barriers that must be addressed before successful implementation is possible. These barriers include organization and staff barriers. EBP specific barriers should be attended to after global barriers have been addressed. Research on implementation strategies conveys that multipronged approaches are the most effective, and should focus on addressing global barriers. Treatment centers that have successfully implemented EBPs provide valuable information to the development of new implementation strategies. Lastly, research on rates conveys the implementation of EBPs is increasing over time, however the research in this area has many limitations that must be addressed in future research to determine realist rates.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-12

Arizona and the Health Needs of Individuals Experiencing Homelessness

Description

This paper focuses on the results of a systematic integrative review on the experiences of individuals experiencing homelessness (IEH) in healthcare (Omerov et al., 2019). The purpose of this paper

This paper focuses on the results of a systematic integrative review on the experiences of individuals experiencing homelessness (IEH) in healthcare (Omerov et al., 2019). The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the findings of this review with Arizona’s (AZ) approaches to address homelessness. This paper will introduce the topic, provide evidence from the systematic integrative review, evaluate this evidence, and compare this evidence to what the state of AZ does to mitigate these healthcare needs. The Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) was used to evaluate Omerov et al.’s systematic review (2019) (Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP), 2018). The findings of this paper are that AZ has some interventions that provide basic human needs, reduce perceived barriers to accessing care, and provide more helpful care. The conclusion of this paper is that AZ needs to develop better interventions to comprehensively address the needs of IEH.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Barriers to Access Healthcare Among Syrian Refugees in Maricopa County

Description

This study uses an exploratory questionnaire to identify major barriers that Syrian refugees face when obtaining basic healthcare. To supplement questionnaire data, providers were also interviewed in order to understand

This study uses an exploratory questionnaire to identify major barriers that Syrian refugees face when obtaining basic healthcare. To supplement questionnaire data, providers were also interviewed in order to understand whether identified barriers were internal, due to refugee perceptions, or external, due to gaps in the system that prevented refugees from obtaining healthcare. The study also proposes solutions to enhance health services in order to achieve health equity.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05

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Barriers to Physical Activity for the Adult Transgender Population

Description

Exercise has many physical and mental health benefits, but there are several common barriers to physical activity that the general population faces. Furthermore, it has been shown that transgender individuals

Exercise has many physical and mental health benefits, but there are several common barriers to physical activity that the general population faces. Furthermore, it has been shown that transgender individuals do not participate in physical activity as much as nontransgender individuals do. This suggests that the transgender population may face additional or unique barriers to physical activity. The purpose of this study was to further examine and identify these barriers for adult transgender individuals regardless of whether they decided to, were in the process of, or completed medical transition. Five categories of physical activity barriers were analyzed within a survey: time, motivation, accessibility, emotions, and social factors. This online physical activity questionnaire was distributed to transgender adults 18 years or older over a course of two months. Twelve responses were received but only nine of those met the inclusion criteria and were used in the study (n=9). Three questions were asked for each barrier category and were formatted as a Likert scale. Each question and barrier category was given a score based on if the responses indicated that particular instance as a barrier to physical activity or not. The results of the survey responses showed that social factors was the highest reported barrier to physical activity for transgender adults. Emotions was the second highest reported barrier, while accessibility was the lowest reported barrier. The responses from this study indicate that transgender adults do experience different or additional barriers to physical activity when compared to the general population.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-12

Barriers to Physical Activity for the Adult Transgender Population

Description

Exercise has many physical and mental health benefits, but there are several common barriers to
physical activity that the general population faces. Furthermore, it has been shown that
transgender individuals

Exercise has many physical and mental health benefits, but there are several common barriers to
physical activity that the general population faces. Furthermore, it has been shown that
transgender individuals do not participate in physical activity as much as nontransgender
individuals do. This suggests that the transgender population may face additional or unique
barriers to physical activity. The purpose of this study was to further examine and identify these
barriers for adult transgender individuals regardless of whether they decided to, were in the
process of, or completed medical transition. Five categories of physical activity barriers were
analyzed within a survey: time, motivation, accessibility, emotions, and social factors. This
online physical activity questionnaire was distributed to transgender adults 18 years or older over
a course of two months. Twelve responses were received but only nine of those met the inclusion
criteria and were used in the study (n=9). Three questions were asked for each barrier category
and were formatted as a Likert scale. Each question and barrier category was given a score based
on if the responses indicated that particular instance as a barrier to physical activity or not. The
results of the survey responses showed that social factors was the highest reported barrier to
physical activity for transgender adults. Emotions was the second highest reported barrier, while
accessibility was the lowest reported barrier. The responses from this study indicate that
transgender adults do experience different or additional barriers to physical activity when
compared to the general population.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2020-12

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Accessibility Services Feedback and Recommendations: The Experience of a Sun Devil at ASU

Description

This paper argues that improved student disability services at universities can limit the amount of stress that burdens students with disabilities in order to, improve their mood and create greater

This paper argues that improved student disability services at universities can limit the amount of stress that burdens students with disabilities in order to, improve their mood and create greater possibilities for successful student outcomes. This study begins by reviewing the progress that has been made in the 20th and 21st centuries in terms of heightened awareness and legislation that benefit people with disabilities. In addition, it applauds the efforts made so far at the Arizona State University Polytechnic and Tempe campuses, but also seeks to highlight some concerns that might become a focus of future policymaking endeavors. The applause and concerns are based on the experience of the author with ASU’s Disability Resource Center (DRC), now rebranded as the Student Accessibility and Inclusive Learning Services (SAILS). The author’s lens of physical/mobility limitations yields insight into the accessibility of the unique programs
offered by ASU’s Study Abroad Office as well as the daily transportation efforts of the DRC/SAILS’s DART service. The particular experiences discussed include a Barrett Global Intensive Experience trip to Ireland, the use of the on-campus DART transportation service at Polytechnic and Tempe, handicap parking and elevator placement at Polytechnic, the intercampus shuttle, and the future of Zoom as a means of providing accessibility to students with disabilities. This paper will make recommendations to the appropriate parties for possible changes to policy and/or procedure and alterations to the current state of tangible obstacles.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-12

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HISPANIC BARRIERS IN THE HEALTH FIELD IN THE PHOENIX METROPOLITAN AREA

Description

This study identifies and examines healthcare barriers experienced by the Hispanic1 population in Phoenix, Arizona. A cross-sectional survey was used to explore these barriers for 123 members of the community,

This study identifies and examines healthcare barriers experienced by the Hispanic1 population in Phoenix, Arizona. A cross-sectional survey was used to explore these barriers for 123 members of the community, and the findings reveal that the main impediments to healthcare faced by the Hispanic population are structured by their language, immigration status, education level, and access to health insurance. The results of the survey were then analyzed to explore possible mechanisms of the origin or intensification of the barriers, as well as potential solutions such as educating future providers to be culturally competent, usage of integrated medical settings, and the advertisement and extension of Promotoras to the community.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05

Women in TV Journalism

Description

In this research paper I combine statistics from various reports and studies with around 20 different interviews with female journalists to understand how women are faring in national and local

In this research paper I combine statistics from various reports and studies with around 20 different interviews with female journalists to understand how women are faring in national and local television newsrooms in 2019. I explore issues such as the pay gap, sexual assault, the importance of appearance, balancing work and family life and obstacles that women of color uniquely face. I spoke with women from various cultural backgrounds, experience levels, and in different positions within their newsrooms. Through my scholarly research and 19 interviews with women who either currently work at NBC News in New York City and women who currently or recently worked at 12News, the NBC affiliate in Phoenix, I conclude they share similar stories of oppression, sexism and issues. However, women have made more progress in local markets and have more opportunities when compared to the national level. I also explore reasons for why this disparity is happening and why local newsrooms seem to have more women represented through their on-air talent than national newsrooms do. One of the reasons I concluded for this include, how local newsrooms have a better understanding of their audience members thus making them more able to reflect their talent to their diverse audience. Another factor that might play a role in this disparity includes, the historical factor and societal norm of seeing men in higher positions and authoritative roles, such as being an anchor, at the network level. Lastly, the idea of how family and having children impacts women’s careers more than men. This can lead to less women pursuing a job at the network since they must spend time raising a family and have the ability and flexibility to do that easier at the local level. Overall, I focused on the barriers, obstacles and stories these women have had throughout their careers all while looking at it from both a local perspective and a national one.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2019-05