Mobile platforms are becoming highly heterogeneous by combining a powerful multiprocessor system-on-chip (MpSoC) with numerous resources including display, memory, power management IC (PMIC), battery and wireless modems into a compact package. Furthermore, the MpSoC itself is a heterogeneous resource that integrates many processing elements such as CPU cores, GPU, video, image, and audio processors. As a result, optimization approaches targeting mobile computing needs to consider the platform at various levels of granularity.
Platform energy consumption and responsiveness are two major considerations for mobile systems since they determine the battery life and user satisfaction, respectively. In this work, the models for power consumption, response time, and energy consumption of heterogeneous mobile platforms are presented. Then, these models are used to optimize the energy consumption of baseline platforms under power, response time, and temperature constraints with and without introducing new resources. It is shown, the optimal design choices depend on dynamic power management algorithm, and adding new resources is more energy efficient than scaling existing resources alone. The framework is verified through actual experiments on Qualcomm Snapdragon 800 based tablet MDP/T. Furthermore, usage of the framework at both design and runtime optimization is also presented.