Matching Items (26)

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Hepatitis C Prevention Measures in Pakistan

Description

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is endemic in Pakistan, with 5% of the population suffering from the disease. A unique aspect about HCV in Pakistan is the major role that healthcare

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is endemic in Pakistan, with 5% of the population suffering from the disease. A unique aspect about HCV in Pakistan is the major role that healthcare workers play in its transmission, by reusing needles and giving therapeutic injections when they are not needed. This issue is furthered by patients’ misconceptions that invasive treatments, like injections, are more effective than oral medicines. The purpose of this project was to create a short video that addressed this inaccurate and dangerous perception, by educating Pakistanis about HCV and how to prevent infection and reinfection. In addition to disease transmission, accessibility to treatment options in Pakistan were also discussed. The video featured Pakistani physicians and some young adults. There were several limitations that delimited the project, including time, budget, the sudden death of a project participant, and the current COVID-19 epidemic as well as cultural, language, and physical barriers that come from filming a video about Pakistan as Americans. In the future, this video can serve as a framework for future efforts.

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  • 2020-05

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Feasibility of The Mindfulness Meditation App “Calm” to Reduce Burnout in Physician Assistant Students

Description

Objectives: To explore the feasibility and effects of using a meditation mobile app 10-minutes a day for 4-weeks to reduce burnout (primary outcome), improve mindfulness, reduce stress, and depression in

Objectives: To explore the feasibility and effects of using a meditation mobile app 10-minutes a day for 4-weeks to reduce burnout (primary outcome), improve mindfulness, reduce stress, and depression in physician assistant (PA) students compared to a wait-list control.
Methods: This study was a randomized, wait-list, control trial with assessments at baseline and post-intervention (week 4). Participants were asked to meditate using Calm for 10 minutes per day. A p value ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The majority of participants (n=19) stated using Calm helped them cope with the stress of PA school. The intervention group participated in meditation for an average of 76 minutes/week. There were significant differences in all outcomes for the intervention group (all p ≤0.06). There was a significant interaction between group and time factors in emotional exhaustion (p=.016) and depersonalization (p=.025).
Conclusions: Calm is a feasible way to reduce burnout in PA students. Our findings provide information that can be applied to the design of future studies.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05

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How Pharmaceutical Patents Affect Pharmaceutical Pricing in Developed Nations

Description

Patent protection creates an encouraging environment for innovation, but it can be a hindrance to the availability of new medications. There are many countries that still harbor this competition while

Patent protection creates an encouraging environment for innovation, but it can be a hindrance to the availability of new medications. There are many countries that still harbor this competition while ensuring that all citizens have access to these medications. There are downsides to certain patent systems, but with a few modifications they can be remedied to achieve the highest level of access, quality of care, and best cost for the insured. In most of the countries reviewed, the patent system is thoroughly regulated with the consumers in mind. There are opportunities for manufacturers to create generic and cost effective medications within the typical patent protection timeline to ensure access to new medications. The systems that are in place encourage innovation with medical devices and medication by providing incentives for the researchers.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Investigating Psychosocial Adjustment in Women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser

Description

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) is a rare Disorder of Sexual Development (DSD) that results in the lack of a uterus and vagina in women. Receiving this diagnosis during adolescence can cause various

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) is a rare Disorder of Sexual Development (DSD) that results in the lack of a uterus and vagina in women. Receiving this diagnosis during adolescence can cause various forms of psychological distress in patients and families.<br/>Specifically, this condition could affect a women’s gender identity, body image, romantic relationships, family relationships, and psychological wellbeing. Parents are also put in a stressful<br/>position as they now have to navigate the healthcare system, disclosure, and the relationship with their child. This study aims to expand the knowledge of psychosocial adjustment by studying body<br/>image, gender identity, and mental health in individuals living with MRKH as well as parental disclosure, parental support systems, and parental perceptions of their child’s mental health.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Reshoring Manufacturing Post Covid-19: Building a more Resilient United States Healthcare Supply Chain

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Supply chain management is becoming an increasingly vital component in the success of an organization. Business and government leaders continue to recognize the importance of having robust and resilient supply

Supply chain management is becoming an increasingly vital component in the success of an organization. Business and government leaders continue to recognize the importance of having robust and resilient supply chains. This trend has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic which brought to light the fragility of the modern global supply chain network. Decades of offshoring has led to the inability of businesses to adequately manufacture critical supplies in times of crisis. This reality is most prevalent in the healthcare industry. Antibiotics, pharmaceuticals, PPE, testing equipment are almost entirely sourced from Chinese manufacturers. Building a more resilient healthcare supply chain requires a revaluation of critical items, cooperation between businesses and government, and recognizing the precarious situation for the United States which has become completely reliant on foreign manufacturers. <br/> Businesses are looking to develop more resilient supply chains which can respond and predict unforeseen market circumstances. The federal government is reckoning the national security concern of sourcing nearly all antibiotics, and pharmaceuticals from Chinese manufacturers. Aligning the goals of key stakeholders and developing the necessary incentive structure to encourage domestic manufacturing is necessary to respond to this crisis. As the global economy becomes increasingly interconnected and dependent on changes to markets anywhere on the globe, a renewed focus on proactive strategies is necessary to ensure the security and resiliency of the United States healthcare supply chain.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Assessing Social Sustainability in US Cities: A Systems Approach

Description

Brundtland’s definition of sustainability is the ability to “meet the needs of the present<br/>without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs” (IISD, 2021). But<br/>what if there are

Brundtland’s definition of sustainability is the ability to “meet the needs of the present<br/>without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs” (IISD, 2021). But<br/>what if there are no future generations? Social sustainability, the sector of sustainability that<br/>foregrounds the well-being and livelihoods of people (and thereby continuation of humanity), is<br/>included in definitions within the sustainability field, but less developed in sustainability<br/>practice. In an effort to bridge this gap of knowledge, 14 U.S. cities and over 100 sustainability<br/>policies were analyzed for their social sustainability performance. An eight-item analytical<br/>framework that deals with differing areas of social equity guided the analysis. Results found that<br/>most cities’ sustainability departments fell short of truly addressing social sustainability<br/>concerns. Out of the eight items, the most frequently addressed were housing security and racial<br/>and gender equality whereas few, if any, cities addressed the more specific social concerns of<br/>immigration, technology and media, or arts/cultural preservation. Future research is<br/>recommended to gain a better understanding of the ways existing cities can improve in this area.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05

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COVID-19 and Workflow in Healthcare Systems

Description

This essay will provide an analysis of the responsiveness of the world's hospitals to the crisis of the COVID 19 pandemic. This analysis will be focused on determining the previous

This essay will provide an analysis of the responsiveness of the world's hospitals to the crisis of the COVID 19 pandemic. This analysis will be focused on determining the previous adaptiveness of these hospitals and how they became and can become more adaptable in order to effectively handle the next global crisis that we will face. The essay will first examine some of the underlying issues that existed within healthcare institutions immediately prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. After this, it will next observe some of the general challenges posed by the circumstances of the pandemic, followed by an exploration of what changes took place within hospitals in order to combat these challenges. After this the essay will provide an analysis of the effectiveness of these changes. Lastly, the essay will give recommendations on how international healthcare facilities can take broad steps to be better prepared for the next global health crisis.

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  • 2021-05

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Mental Health in the Undocuqueer Community

Description

Trauma is increasingly experienced by people in transit as border militarization increases migrants’ exposure to violence and forces them into more precarious situations. For queer migrants, this includes situations

Trauma is increasingly experienced by people in transit as border militarization increases migrants’ exposure to violence and forces them into more precarious situations. For queer migrants, this includes situations where they are more likely to experience persecution and sexual violence. This paper explores the availability of care for queer undocumented migrants in the United States after surviving a precarious and potentially deadly journey from their country of origin to the US, as well as forms of alternative care developed by the undocuqueer community. In particular, it focuses on access to care for LGBT migrants, who face stigmatization on multiple levels and as a result are more likely than their straight counterparts to experience extreme mental health consequences pre-, in-, and post-transit. Faced with a number of obstacles that prevent them from receiving appropriate mental health care, the undocuqueer community utilizes various strategies to ensure that the health and needs of the community are supported. I argue that in spite of facing traumatic experiences and being unable to fully access healthcare to alleviate these problems in the US, LGBT migrants demonstrate extreme resilience and resist the mechanisms that otherwise threaten their mental well-being.

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Date Created
  • 2021-05