Matching Items (25)

131977-Thumbnail Image.png

Patient Education on Diabetes Mellitus in Rural India

Description

In India, the number of people with diabetes continues to grow rapidly, and those living in rural areas are directly affected by limited resources and provider accessibility resulting in insufficient self-care knowledge. This creative project focuses on how leaflet handouts

In India, the number of people with diabetes continues to grow rapidly, and those living in rural areas are directly affected by limited resources and provider accessibility resulting in insufficient self-care knowledge. This creative project focuses on how leaflet handouts were used to implement patient education on self-care management for patients with diabetes living in the rural outskirts of New Delhi, India. Implementation was done in pop up clinics in rural villages of the outskirts of New Delhi as well as through a volunteer-run free clinic in the town of Faridabad. Leaflet components included diet, exercise, medication information, signs of hypoglycemia, and a celebrity segment. The content and layout of the leaflets were based on concepts from Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory as well as critically appraised literature. Results were comparable to the literature review in that they demonstrated knowledge deficit of foot care, medication adherence, and health status. Overall, the implementation of the leaflets greatly assisted in patient education with complete language barrier, as well as proved to be sustainable after six months.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2020-05

The Effects of Modifiable Risk Factor Video Education on Self-Efficacy in Adults with Atrial Fibrillation

Description

Atrial fibrillation, also known as Afib or AF, is the most common irregular heart rhythm among the United States adult population. Atrial fibrillation is characterized by an abnormal fibrillation of the upper chambers of the heart, known as the atria.

Atrial fibrillation, also known as Afib or AF, is the most common irregular heart rhythm among the United States adult population. Atrial fibrillation is characterized by an abnormal fibrillation of the upper chambers of the heart, known as the atria. When left chronically untreated, this condition may lead to insufficient systemic blood flow or the formation of blood clots. Atrial fibrillation has many modifiable risk factors, meaning contributing habits and practices within the patient's control that may worsen the condition. Communication of these modifiable risk factors to patients with atrial fibrillation is important in improving patient quality of life and for reduction of disease symptoms. The motivation for this study was to convey the potential of improved disease process by lifestyle modification to patients with atrial fibrillation.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2017-12

126886-Thumbnail Image.png

Improving Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Through Formal Education

Description

Background and Purpose: Over 30 million people in the United States (U.S.) have diabetes mellitus, which comprises about 9% of the population, and about 90% of individuals with diabetes have type 2 diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC],

Background and Purpose: Over 30 million people in the United States (U.S.) have diabetes mellitus, which comprises about 9% of the population, and about 90% of individuals with diabetes have type 2 diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2017). Adults with type 2 diabetes at a local internal medicine clinic were consistently having high glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) levels, demonstrated by data collected from the electronic health record (EHR), and there was no ordering process for referring patients to diabetes management education and support (DSMES) services. The purpose of this project was to improve glycemic control, demonstrated by lower HbA1C levels, and reach a diabetes education attendance rate of 62.5% at an internal medicine clinic in Chandler, Arizona.

Methods: An electronic health record (EHR) template was created and brief staff training was completed to connect patients with diabetes in the community to a local formal diabetes education program. HbA1C levels were measured before and three months after adults with education program. HbA1C levels were measured before and three months after adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) received physicians’ orders for a DSMES program, and rates of attendance to the program were calculated. Data was collected through the EHR and through feedback from the DSMES program. Descriptive statistics were used in data analysis.

Outcomes: The participants’ results did not demonstrate significant differences in pre-referral and post-referral HbA1C results after they were ordered DSMES services (p = .506). The proportion of education attendance (30%) was lower than the project goal of 62.5%, but increased from the clinic baseline.

Conclusions: EHR template implementation for referral to DSMES may increase rates of formal diabetes education and improve glycemic control. Larger sample sizes, longer project periods, alternative methods of communication, and increased follow-up of participants may be required to produce significant results.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2020-04-30

152726-Thumbnail Image.png

Moving towards wellness: designing for the chronically ill 'emerging adult'

Description

Overview: Transition from the pediatric to adult care setting for 'emerging adults' (ages 18- 26) continues to develop as a growing concern in health care. The Adolescent Transition Program teaches chronically ill 'emerging adults' disease self-management skills while promoting a

Overview: Transition from the pediatric to adult care setting for 'emerging adults' (ages 18- 26) continues to develop as a growing concern in health care. The Adolescent Transition Program teaches chronically ill 'emerging adults' disease self-management skills while promoting a healthy lifestyle. Transferring this knowledge is vital for successful health care outcomes. Unfortunately, patients who have been transferred to the adult care setting, report that they felt lost in the system due to lack of communication between care teams, inadequate support systems, and insufficient disease management knowledge. To address these gaps, the design of the physical environment must adapt to these challenges while also meeting the needs of various chronic illnesses. Methodology: Design thinking or human-centered design was utilized as the vehicle to discover unmet 'emerging adult' and adolescent health clinician needs. Ethnographic research methods involved observations at adolescent health clinics and in learning environments outside of the healthcare setting as well as interviews with 5 outpatient adolescent clinicians. A survey was also conducted with 16 'emerging adults' to understand how they learn. Lastly, a literature review explored the history of the adolescent, adolescent development, adolescence and chronic illness, and The Adolescent Transition Program. Results: Findings revealed that physical environment must be conducive to meet a variety of clinical and education activities such as chronic disease management, support adolescent development, and should be more human-centered. The space should transform to the patient education or clinical activity rather than the activity transforming to the space. Five design recommendations were suggested to ensure that the outpatient clinic supported both clinician and 'emerging adults' needs.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2014

162135-Thumbnail Image.png

Teach-Back Method; Improvement of Patient Comprehension of Nuss Procedure

Description

Successful management of pediatric procedures is challenging. Many procedures have a detailed list of pre-procedural requirements and post-procedural pain control regimens. Patients and families often get lost in the many requirements needed before scheduling the procedure and often delay intervention.

Successful management of pediatric procedures is challenging. Many procedures have a detailed list of pre-procedural requirements and post-procedural pain control regimens. Patients and families often get lost in the many requirements needed before scheduling the procedure and often delay intervention. This delay can cost both the families and facility time and money but often leave the patient needlessly suffering. Inadequate pain control results in emergency room (ER) visits or hospital admissions for acute postoperative pain management. The opioid epidemic has significantly impacted postoperative opioid prescriptions at discharge. The limited prescriptions available after discharge, paired with inadequate understanding and support of discharge postoperative instructions by the family, result in increased acute postoperative pain management admissions. Postoperative pain is the leading cause of hospital readmissions within 48 hours of discharge. These ER visits are typically for issues that are easily addressed at home. Teach-back methods have shown to be the cornerstone of education, resulting in knowledge gained and increased pain regimen adherence. A literature review exploring current evidence regarding postoperative pain control and interventions coupled with teach-back was conducted to address this concern, and an evidenced-based intervention is proposed.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-04-20

162161-Thumbnail Image.png

Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy in the Prenatal Population

Description

False accusations concerning the development of autism and other hazardous side effects have triggered parental vaccine hesitancy, leading to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. This opposition to vaccination risks the health of both individuals and entire communities. The purpose of this

False accusations concerning the development of autism and other hazardous side effects have triggered parental vaccine hesitancy, leading to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. This opposition to vaccination risks the health of both individuals and entire communities. The purpose of this project was to determine the effectiveness of prenatal education on maternal vaccine hesitancy and infant immunization rates. In a pretest posttest design, pregnant mothers greater than or equal to 30 weeks gestation were recruited by The Arizona Partnership for Immunization (TAPI) and virtually educated about infant immunization. A voice-over PowerPoint presentation was delivered to the participants virtually and focused on vaccine knowledge, intention to vaccinate, and vaccine hesitancy. These outcomes were evaluated virtually pre- and post-intervention with the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) survey (⍺ = 0.84), and the infants’ vaccination records were compared against the recommended immunization schedule at two months of age. Using the Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks test, data analysis revealed vaccine hesitancy was significantly reduced between pre- and post-intervention (Z = 27.70, p = .000), and 100% of the 2-month-old infants were fully immunized with the recommended vaccines. The effect size (d = 12.807) also indicated a strong relationship between pre- and post-intervention vaccine hesitancy. Vaccine hesitancy remains a threat to public health. With prenatal education, pregnant mothers will likely become more knowledgeable of vaccine benefits and better prepared to make informed decisions. Confident vaccination will decrease vaccine hesitancy and improve immunization rates, while promoting individual and societal health.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-04-27

162163-Thumbnail Image.png

Supporting Mothers to Breastfeed with Peer Support Via Facebook©

Description

Breastfeeding provides significant health benefits for mothers and infants, but many women fall short of the breastfeeding goals set by the Healthy People initiative. National guidelines such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology,

Breastfeeding provides significant health benefits for mothers and infants, but many women fall short of the breastfeeding goals set by the Healthy People initiative. National guidelines such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend exclusive breastfeeding through six months of age. Peer support and education are key components in helping women achieve their breastfeeding goals and improve breastfeeding self-efficacy. A private obstetrics and gynecology office in the Southwestern United States did not routinely provide breastfeeding support. As the number of people using online peer support groups has grown in popularity and with the project site having an existing active Facebook© page, a project was created utilizing a private Facebook© group for breastfeeding mothers to receive peer support and evidence-based education. Over 12 weeks, evidence-based education postings and discussion prompts were created to encourage conversation upon participants. Sixteen participants made 30 discussion posts. After 11 weeks, three completed the confidential survey and the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form, which showed significant levels of breastfeeding self-efficacy. One hundred percent (n=3) of participants accessed the education handouts and found them helpful. Education and peer support results in high breastfeeding self-efficacy which in turn increases breastfeeding duration and exclusivity.

Contributors

Created

Date Created
2021-04-28

162165-Thumbnail Image.png

Culturally Sensitive Diabetes Education for Hispanics

Description

Background: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing issue globally. Social determinants of health (SDH) play a crucial role on patients’ outcomes and complications from the disease. Hispanics are twice as likely to suffer from T2DM when compared to

Background: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing issue globally. Social determinants of health (SDH) play a crucial role on patients’ outcomes and complications from the disease. Hispanics are twice as likely to suffer from T2DM when compared to non-Hispanic whites, and they often rely on federally qualified community health centers (FQCHC) for their medical needs. These centers are then faced with high volume of patients with high acuity, which leads to limited time and resources to provide diabetic education.
Methods: The Purnell model of cultural competence will be used as a framework to provide unbiased, culturally tailored (CT) education to improve patients’ outcomes. The advancing research and clinical practice through close collaboration (ARCC) model will be used as it focuses on evidence-based practice (EPB) implementation that is sustainable across the system.
Purpose: The purpose of this EBP project is to promote culturally tailored (CT) DSME at a low-income FQCHC in greater Phoenix to improve diabetes outcomes and decrease complications from the disease. Consequently, decreasing the costly effects of diabetes complications to patients, FQCHC, and the state of Arizona.
Conclusion: Evidence suggest that diabetes self-care management education (DSME) is successful, independent of the format of delivery, in improving diabetes outcomes and patients’ self-care. However, it is underutilized in the United States even though it is a covered Medicare service.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-04-28

162169-Thumbnail Image.png

Aging out of Pediatrics: Preparing Adolescents for Health Care Transition Using Illustration-based Anticipatory Guidance

Description

Objective
Health care transition (HCT) for adolescents without special health care needs in the primary care setting has received inadequate attention, as represented by national surveys, when compared to adolescents with special health care needs. Barriers to transition such as

Objective
Health care transition (HCT) for adolescents without special health care needs in the primary care setting has received inadequate attention, as represented by national surveys, when compared to adolescents with special health care needs. Barriers to transition such as lack of knowledge and preparation have been known to hinder HCT despite the knowledge gap and weak evidence related to non-special needs adolescent transition. Application of anticipatory guidance education related to care transition may improve transition readiness scores of adolescents without special health care needs.
Methods
Utilizing Meleis’ transition theory with the Plan-Do-Study-Act framework, a quasi-experimental study was conducted comparing transition readiness scores between baseline and intervention groups of adolescents 14 years or older attending their well checks at a small pediatric primary care site. The intervention consisted of two videos developed from Got TransitionTM's (n.d.) Six Core Elements for specific adolescent age ranges.
Results
Statistical analysis reveals that the subgroup and overall transition readiness scores for both age groups, 14-15 and 16-18 years of age, when comparing the baseline groups to the intervention groups, have mixed significance (p = .419, p = .074, respectively). However, when asking the respondents about their understanding of the transition process and their role in that process, 75% and 62.5%, respectively, at minimum agreed the intervention was helpful.
Conclusion
The findings were mixed, indicating the educational videos did have a short-term impact on adolescent transition readiness scores for the 16-18 years old group only. Future focus on long-term follow up throughout the adolescent period may yield better data.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021-04-28

612-Thumbnail Image.png

Self-Management Education and Arthritis Disability in the Underserved Latino Community

Description

Purpose:
The purpose was to implement a self-management program to decrease pain and disability and improve self-efficacy among low-income, Latino individuals diagnosed with arthritis.

Background:
All arthritis pain has the potential to impair mobility. Arthritis is the leading cause of disability

Purpose:
The purpose was to implement a self-management program to decrease pain and disability and improve self-efficacy among low-income, Latino individuals diagnosed with arthritis.

Background:
All arthritis pain has the potential to impair mobility. Arthritis is the leading cause of disability among American adults, with over 50 million individuals affected. The Latino population experiences a disproportionate incidence of disability attributable to arthritis compared to other populations. Evidence supports self-management education incorporating physical activity as a promising intervention for arthritis.

Methods:
The intervention included a curriculum developed by the Arthritis Association, three teaching sessions, and a pre/post-test. Anticipated outcomes included decreased pain measured by the Pain Visual Numeric, decreased report of disability measured by the Stanford HAQ, and increased self-efficacy measured by the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale. The setting was a faith-based medical clinic that services the uninsured population located within Southwest Arizona. Participants included Spanish and English speaking adults diagnosed with arthritis.

Results:
Twelve participants were consented however, only eight participants completed the entire project. Although the mean pain score decreased, indicating reduced pain, it was not statistically significant (pretest- M=5.75 SD=3.19; posttest- M=5.25 SD=2.82; z (7)=-.11, p= .92). However, there was a statistically significant increase in reports of exercise after the intervention (pretest M=.83, SD=.39; posttest- M=.43, SD=.53; z (6)=-2.0, p =.046). This was in response to an non validated question developed by the primary investigator and co-investigator of, “Do you currently exercise?”.

Conclusions:
Results include increases in reports of exercise post-intervention and decreased pain. The use of non-pharmacological interventions such as self-management to reduce pain and increase mobility in arthritic patients can help lessen the socioeconomic health disparity gaps.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2016-05-06