Obesity is a significant national public health crisis, affecting one-third of American adults. It is a complex and multifactorial disease that increases the risk of multiple chronic medical conditions including coronary heart disease, diabetes, and even leading to potential premature mortality. Moreover, increased health care utilization and escalating medical costs associated with obesity treatment are overwhelming an already burdened health care system. Obesity is nondiscriminatory, affecting individuals from various demographic and socioeconomic backgrounds, even extending to our unique population of active duty military service members and veterans.
Despite mandatory physical fitness and body composition requirements, active duty service members continue to experience an increasing prevalence of obesity. The obesity epidemic has considerable implications for military readiness, accession, and retention. Limited studies have examined weight-loss interventions including self-paced and provider-led interventions among active duty military service members with varying degrees of success. The purpose of this evidence based doctoral project was to examine the effectiveness of a twelve-week group lifestyle intervention involving education regarding healthy diet, physical activity and behavior change recommendations on weight and body mass index (BMI). The study demonstrated no significant differences in initial and post intervention weight and BMI.