Matching Items (7)

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Improving Confidence Levels in Wound Care Education: A Harm Reduction Strategy for People Who Inject Drugs

Description

People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for disease transmission and bacterial invasion of the blood and/or skin. PWID are a marginalized population who often delay medical treatment

People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for disease transmission and bacterial invasion of the blood and/or skin. PWID are a marginalized population who often delay medical treatment or substitute self-care treatment due to increased fear, barriers, or stigmatization in traditional healthcare settings. These delays often create multifaceted complications that eventually cost the healthcare system billions of dollars. This leads to poorer health outcomes in PWID. There is evidence that community-based interventions are effective in reaching this population of people in order to promote better health outcomes.

To address this gap in care, an evidenced based project centered on increasing the confidence levels of community lay workers when providing general wound education to PWID was conducted. The project was implemented at a rural harm reduction agency site in Northern Arizona. Utilizing the theoretical framework of the Adult Learning Theory, a convenience sample of 22 participants received a general wound education intervention consisting of a PowerPoint presentation with a written brochure over multiple sessions.

Adapted questions from the new general self-efficacy (NGSE) scale, which has demonstrated valid internal consistency, were utilized to measure confidence levels of participants and a scored checklist was used to measure teaching performance. Confidence levels significantly increased from baseline to week four (p = .001). Teach-back performance scores also increased from baseline to week two and four. Providing a general wound education intervention to community lay workers improved confidence levels and teaching performance which can promote better health outcomes in PWID.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-04-30

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Motivational Interviewing Impact on Cardiovascular Disease

Description

Harm reduction in cardiovascular disease is a significant problem worldwide. Providers, families, and healthcare agencies are feeling the burdens imparted by these diseases. Not to mention missed days of work

Harm reduction in cardiovascular disease is a significant problem worldwide. Providers, families, and healthcare agencies are feeling the burdens imparted by these diseases. Not to mention missed days of work and caregiver strain, the losses are insurmountable. Motivational interviewing (MI) is gaining momentum as a method of stimulating change through intrinsic motivation by resolving ambivalence toward change (Ma, Zhou, Zhou, & Huang, 2014).

If practitioners can find methods of educating the public in a culturally-appropriate and sensitive manner, and if they can work with community stakeholders to organize our resources to make them more accessible to the people, we may find that simple lifestyle changes can lead to risk reduction of cardiovascular diseases. By working with our community leaders and identifying barriers unique to each population, we can make positive impacts on a wide range of issues that markedly impact our healthcare systems.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-04-28

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Peace, Love, Unity, Respect, and Responsibility: Attitudes on Psychedelic Harm Reduction in the EDM Community

Description

In this field study, 103 individuals from two different music festivals, one in California and one in Michigan, were surveyed to observe current attitudes surrounding harm reduction strategies associated with

In this field study, 103 individuals from two different music festivals, one in California and one in Michigan, were surveyed to observe current attitudes surrounding harm reduction strategies associated with psychedelic drug usage in the EDM scene. Topics from the survey included but were not limited to the chemical testing of substances, frequency of usage, spacing between usage, and adverse effects associated with usage. It was concluded that harm reduction education should become more integrated within the EDM scene in order to provide research-based evidence for ravers to make better decisions for their health. While authorities have pushed "just say no", the lack of education altogether in the community is life threatening. Education is the key to saving minds, bodies, and lives.

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Date Created
  • 2016-12

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Impact of Syringe Access on Injection Drug Users in Maricopa County

Description

Injection drug use can result in a variety of negative health complications, many of which are caused or exacerbated through reuse and/or sharing of used injection equipment such as syringes,

Injection drug use can result in a variety of negative health complications, many of which are caused or exacerbated through reuse and/or sharing of used injection equipment such as syringes, cookers, cottons, etc. The purpose of this thesis is to review the impact of the lack of resources such as needle exchange programs (NEPs) and general access to syringes on intravenous drug users in Maricopa County. This review is placed within the larger context to contrast with increased access to sterile syringes in major cities of the United States where there have been policies implemented aiming at harm reduction models of community outreach such as NEPs. To supplement this policy analysis, I conducted seven interviews and analyzed interview data to provide personal insights from the perspectives of users. I also surveyed nine current injection drug users, asking them questions about their use of syringes. Increasing awareness of the perspectives of injection drug users and the harms associated with intravenous drug use, especially when drug users are unable to access sterile, new syringes will help to facilitate increased access to harm reduction resources and reduce stigma.

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Date Created
  • 2017-05

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The Needle Isn’t The “Sticking” Point: Legalizing Needle Exchange Programs in Arizona

Description

This white paper serves as an accumulation of research to guide needle exchange program (NEP) policies in the state of Arizona to decrease the transmission of infectious diseases such as HIV and HCV.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

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Proposal to Institute a Needle Exchange in Maricopa County

Description

Utilizing a compilation of existing literature, theory and current praxis, a clear case for instituting a needle exchange in Maricopa County is visible.. Research on HIV rates are consulted to

Utilizing a compilation of existing literature, theory and current praxis, a clear case for instituting a needle exchange in Maricopa County is visible.. Research on HIV rates are consulted to establish a foundation for understanding the value of needle exchange programs nationally and in Maricopa County. Case studies on existing needle exchange efficacy are also used to support the proposal and outline the success of needle exchanges in reducing rates of infection.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2013-05

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Why we need to end the war on drugs

Description

The main objective of the research was to gather as much information and arguments about why we need to end the war on drugs and put them into one piece

The main objective of the research was to gather as much information and arguments about why we need to end the war on drugs and put them into one piece of work that was compelling and thorough, but also concise. This goal was achieved through first explaining how addiction is strongly related to the environment around the addict and whether they have adequate tools to bond with those around them. After coming to the conclusion that the war on drugs has been a failure and is misunderstood by most people, the strategy for legalization of recreational drugs was outlined as well as the economic, social, and health benefits of pursuing that strategy. The conclusion is that while the war on drugs has good intentions, it has been largely ineffective and imposed cruel punishments on addicts that end up causing more harm than they prevent, it is time to move forward and legalize all recreational drug use with licensed sales, harm reduction programs, and proper education to create a more effective strategy of preventing drug use and the harm it brings.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05