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Impact of a Comprehensive Sexual Health History Taking Tool

Description

Obtaining a comprehensive sexual health history is an important part of the patient history taking process and is essential to providing high-quality, patient-centered, and accessible healthcare. Information gathered from the

Obtaining a comprehensive sexual health history is an important part of the patient history taking process and is essential to providing high-quality, patient-centered, and accessible healthcare. Information gathered from the sexual health history guides delivery of appropriate education about prevention, counseling, treatment, and care. A federally qualified health center (FQHC) reported that they did not have a standardized comprehensive sexual health history taking process. To address this concern, a literature review was conducted to survey current evidence regarding both patient and healthcare provider perspective on sexual health history taking. While it is recommended for a sexual health history to be performed routinely, both healthcare providers and patients have reported sexual health is not discussed at most visits.

The findings led to the initiation of an evidence-based project implementing a comprehensive sexual health history taking tool at the FQHC. The tool assists in obtaining a comprehensive sexual history and provides an understanding of the sexual practices of the patients. If healthcare providers become aware of the sexual practices of their patients, they are better able to provide evidence-based education that could lead to better health outcomes. The participants reported they liked being asked about their sexual health, did not find the questions too personal, and reported the questionnaire addressed their sexual health concerns, and was worth their time. Taking a comprehensive sexual health history is a fundamental skill that all healthcare providers must strive to improve for the general health of their patients and the community.

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Date Created
  • 2020-05-04

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Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Monitoring in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Changing provider comfort and confidence

Description

Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to assess provider (MD and Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NNP)) comfort and confidence with Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring on Newborn Intensive

Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to assess provider (MD and Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NNP)) comfort and confidence with Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring on Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) patients when provided with an educational teaching session.

Background and Significance: NIRS data can be used in conjunction with standard vital sign monitoring to help clinicians understand blood flow and metabolic demands of organ systems, particularly cerebral, renal, and mesenteric blood flow patterns. A NICU unit in the northwestern US adopted NIRS use on their patients in 2008, however, NIRS monitoring usage decreased over the past 5 years, citing a lack of continued education and comfort interpreting and managing NIRS monitored patients. One patient was monitored with NIRS in the year prior to the QI project.

Methods: A 5 point Likert-Type survey was designed to examine provider comfort and confidence using and interpreting NIRS on NICU patients. No Croanbach’s alpha value exists for the survey as it was purposefully designed for the QI project. An educational presentation on the use and interpretation of NIRS on NICU patients was created and delivered during a formal provider staff meeting. Pre and Post education surveys were distributed electronically to participants and were presented 1 week prior to educational session and 1 month after educational session. IBM SPSS version 23 was used for descriptive statistics, paired t tests, and Wilcoxon test. Significance set to p<0.05.

Results: In total, 18 providers (N=18) were surveyed, and 13 paired survey results (n=13) were received (8 MD and 5 NNP). Paired-samples t tests were calculated to compare the mean total score (TS) for pre/post comfort and pre/post confidence. This was a significant improvement for both comfort (t(11) = -3.13, p=0.010) and confidence (t(11) = -3.37, p=0.006). Wilcoxon test showed a significant increase in the times a provider managed a patient with NIRS (z=-2.762, p=0.006). The number NIRS monitored patients increased from one in the previous year to 15 patients in the 5 months of data tracking, a clinically significant increase.

Conclusions: Providing educational session on previously utilized clinical applications can improve providers comfort and confidence and influence their usage in clinical practice. Future continuing education sessions could be designed for different clinical applications in order to keep clinicians abreast of the current evidenced based applications of advanced clinical monitors.

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Date Created
  • 2018-04-18