Seclusion and restraint (SR) continue to be used in psychiatric settings when a patient is a harm to self or others despite growing concern and calls to eliminate the practice due to its harmful, potentially life-threatening effects on patients. The purpose of this evidence-based project was to assist a hospital in the southwestern United States decrease their seclusion and restraint rates among their adolescent patients. Trauma-informed care approaches have been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of SR in inpatient settings.
The nurses and behavioral health technicians (BHTs) received a two-hour trauma-informed care training in November of 2019. SR rates three months pre-training and post-training were compared. In the three months prior to the training, SR rates averaged 23.4 events per 1000 patient days. Comparatively, the three months after the training SR rates averaged 19.5 events per 1000 patient days. This shows a clinically significant decrease in SR rates after the TIC training. This evidence-based project (EBP) highlights the need to address this problem and gives an intervention option that can reduce harm for patients and address the needs of healthcare organizations seeking to improve patient care.