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Reducing Seclusion and Restraints in Adolescent Patients

Description

Seclusion and restraint (SR) continue to be used in psychiatric settings when a patient is a harm to self or others despite growing concern and calls to eliminate the practice

Seclusion and restraint (SR) continue to be used in psychiatric settings when a patient is a harm to self or others despite growing concern and calls to eliminate the practice due to its harmful, potentially life-threatening effects on patients. The purpose of this evidence-based project was to assist a hospital in the southwestern United States decrease their seclusion and restraint rates among their adolescent patients. Trauma-informed care approaches have been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of SR in inpatient settings.

The nurses and behavioral health technicians (BHTs) received a two-hour trauma-informed care training in November of 2019. SR rates three months pre-training and post-training were compared. In the three months prior to the training, SR rates averaged 23.4 events per 1000 patient days. Comparatively, the three months after the training SR rates averaged 19.5 events per 1000 patient days. This shows a clinically significant decrease in SR rates after the TIC training. This evidence-based project (EBP) highlights the need to address this problem and gives an intervention option that can reduce harm for patients and address the needs of healthcare organizations seeking to improve patient care.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05-03

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Adolescent Aggression and Restrictive Interventions

Description

Seclusion and restraint are restrictive interventions that continue to be used in both physical care and mental health care settings as a means of controlling dangerous behavior such as aggression.

Seclusion and restraint are restrictive interventions that continue to be used in both physical care and mental health care settings as a means of controlling dangerous behavior such as aggression. Restrictive interventions place patients and healthcare staff in hostile situations that can lead to physical, mental, and emotional injuries that can last a lifetime. Unfortunately, restrictive interventions continue to be used in many healthcare organizations around the world and the number of patient and staff injuries continue to rise. Stakeholders at a Phoenix area psychiatric inpatient hospital conducted an internal audit on the number of seclusion and restraint episodes in 2019, which revealed an increase in the number of seclusion and restraints episodes on the adolescent unit.

The result of this audit led to the project question: For nurses on an acute adolescent inpatient unit, is a seclusion and restraint education program more effective than usual
practice in changing the knowledge and attitude regarding seclusion and restraint? The purpose of this practice change project was to provide staff education that focused on trauma informed care, de-escalation techniques, and therapeutic communication to improve staff confidence to ultimately lead to the reduction of seclusion and restraint use on an adolescent inpatient unit. A
pre and posttest questionnaire designed to better understand nurse attitude and knowledge regarding restrictive interventions prior to the education session was provided. A convenience sample of nurses (N=9) participated in the project. The findings from the pre and posttest questionnaire suggest that seclusion and restraint education for nurses may improve nurse knowledge and attitude regarding the use of restrictive interventions and reduce rates of use.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-04-21