Matching Items (26)

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A Gap Analysis of Syphilis Screening During Pregnancy by Prenatal Care Clinicians

Description

Congenital syphilis (CS) is increasing at an alarming rate in Arizona. The state health department has recommended increased screening to include the third trimester, but providers in individual counties are

Congenital syphilis (CS) is increasing at an alarming rate in Arizona. The state health department has recommended increased screening to include the third trimester, but providers in individual counties are not following the recommendation. A literature search and appraisal showed increased screening reduces the incidence of CS and presented interventions to increase screening rates. Furthermore, the literature suggests provider education increases screening rates. However, before education could be completed an understanding of providers current knowledge, attitudes, and practice was needed. Using this information, a gap analysis that was completed in an Arizona county (“the County”) of syphilis screening during pregnancy by prenatal care clinicians will be presented guided by the Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) Model and the ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-04-24

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Oral Health Care in Pregnancy

Description

Pregnancy is a specific time in a woman’s life filled with complex changes in health, including the oral cavity. During this time, dental and perinatal care teams can be influential

Pregnancy is a specific time in a woman’s life filled with complex changes in health, including the oral cavity. During this time, dental and perinatal care teams can be influential in helping women initiate and maintain essential habits to improve health and prevent adverse outcomes. There is research evidence that dental providers are reluctant to treat dental problems during pregnancy. Barriers to practice identified by dentists include lack of education, time, financial constraints, and concern for the safety treating pregnant women. Factors that facilitate dental care for pregnant women include purposeful assessment, referrals from prenatal providers, and continuing education for dental team members.

Multiple organizations recommend the treatment of oral health conditions during pregnancy to promote health and prevent pregnancy complications. In order to promote community-based partnerships in a healthcare system, dentists are encouraged to develop an intentional plan to increase collaboration with other members of the women’s healthcare team. Prior to developing a system wide intervention to improve access to dental care during pregnancy, dental team members were surveyed to identify barriers and facilitators which promote or hinder care in their practice. The data acquired will be used to inform the design and implementation of an intervention to specifically meet the needs of patients and providers in that system.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-04-15

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Optimized Prenatal Supplement for Preventing Autism

Description

Vitamins and minerals are, by definition, essential substances that are necessary for good health, and needed by every cell and organ to function appropriately. A deficiency of any one vitamin

Vitamins and minerals are, by definition, essential substances that are necessary for good health, and needed by every cell and organ to function appropriately. A deficiency of any one vitamin or mineral can be very serious. Although a very healthy diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and protein can provide sufficient amounts of most vitamins and minerals, many people do not consume an adequate diet. During pregnancy, there is an increased need for vitamins and minerals to promote a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. Prenatal supplements are intended to supplement a normal diet to ensure that adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals are consumed. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has established Recommended Dietary Allowances for total vitamin/mineral intake from food and supplements, but they have not established recommendations for prenatal supplements. Therefore, there is a very wide variation in the content and quality of prenatal supplements. Many prenatal supplements contain only minimal levels of some vitamins and few or no minerals, in order to minimize cost and the number of pills. This results in insufficient vitamin/mineral supplementation for many women, and hence does not fully protect them or their children from pregnancy complications and health problems. Therefore, we have created our own set of recommendations for prenatal supplements. Our recommendations are based primarily on four sources: 1) FDA's Recommended Daily Allowances for pregnant women, which are estimated to meet the needs of 97.5% of healthy pregnant women. 2) FDA's Tolerable Upper Limit, which is the maximum amount of vitamins/minerals that can be safely consumed without any risk of health problems. 3) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), which evaluates the average intake of vitamins and minerals by women ages 20-40 years in the US 4) Research studies on vitamin/mineral deficiencies or vitamin/mineral supplementation during pregnancy, and the effect on pregnancy, birth, and child health problems. In summary, the RDA establishes minimum recommended levels of vitamin/mineral intake from all sources, and the NHANES establishes the average intake from foods. The difference is what needs to be consumed in a supplement, on average. However, since people vary greatly in the quality of their diet, and since most vitamins and minerals have a high Tolerable Upper Limit, we generally recommend more than the difference between the RDA and the average NHANES. Vitamins generally have a larger Tolerable Upper Limit than do minerals. So, we recommend that prenatal vitamin/mineral supplements contain 100% of the RDA for most vitamins, and about 50% of the RDA for most minerals. However, based on additional research studies described below, in some cases we vary our recommendations from those averages.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2017-05

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Health Education Programming for Pregnant and Parenting Women in an Addiction Treatment Facility

Description

This paper details the development of a six-week health education class for pregnant and parenting women recovering from substance abuse. The class was developed in collaboration with Student Health Outreach

This paper details the development of a six-week health education class for pregnant and parenting women recovering from substance abuse. The class was developed in collaboration with Student Health Outreach for Wellness (SHOW) Community Initiative, a student-run organization providing free healthcare to underserved populations, and with Crossroads, Inc., a licensed treatment provider serving men, women, and veterans recovering from addiction and substance use disorders. A needs assessment via personal interview was conducted to identify the demographics of the female residents at the Crossroads for Women treatment facility, the existing medical health promotional services, and the needed medical and health promotional services. The needs assessment identified the need for health education for pregnant and parenting women recovering from addiction. The SHOW Program Development Guide was utilized to develop the content for the classes based on the Health Belief Model theory. The Health Belief Model focuses on the beliefs and attitudes of individuals and altering them to make achieving good health more feasible (Hochbaum, Rosenstock, and Kegels, 1952). The program curriculum identifies potential perceived barriers to health and utilizes strategies to decrease the perceived barriers and increase perceived benefits. The six-week course was divided to address six different topics: 1. Introduction, 2. Physical Health, 3. Stress Management, 4. Nutrition, 5. Exercise, and 6. Conclusion and Discharge Planning. The class will be taught by a variety of health professional disciplines in accordance with the interprofessional practice theory, which utilizes two or more health professions to improve health outcomes. This project outlines all presentation materials, handouts, activities, and implementation recommendations required to produce a program that helps pregnant and parenting women on their road to recovery.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-12

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How Does Breastfeeding Relate to Postparum Depression and Weight in Mexican American Women

Description

The goal of this study is to explore the relationship between breastfeeding, postpartum depression and postpartum weight at 1 and 6 months.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2015-12

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A History and Analysis of Drug Labeling Policy for Pregnant and Lactating Women and Women's Involvement in Clinical Drug Research from 1970 to 2014

Description

The inherent risk in testing drugs has been hotly debated since the government first started regulating the drug industry in the early 1900s. Who can assume the risks associated with

The inherent risk in testing drugs has been hotly debated since the government first started regulating the drug industry in the early 1900s. Who can assume the risks associated with trying new pharmaceuticals is unclear when looked at through society's lens. In the mid twentieth century, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published several guidance documents encouraging researchers to exclude women from early clinical drug research. The motivation to publish those documents and the subsequent guidance documents in which the FDA and other regulatory offices established their standpoints on women in drug research may have been connected to current events at the time. The problem of whether women should be involved in drug research is a question of who can assume risk and who is responsible for disseminating what specific kinds of information. The problem tends to be framed as one that juxtaposes the health of women and fetuses and sets their health as in opposition. That opposition, coupled with the inherent uncertainty in testing drugs, provides for a complex set of issues surrounding consent and access to information.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-05

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Investigating the Role Of VEGF in Preeclampsia

Description

Preeclampsia is a condition which arises during pregnancy and can lead to serious, even fatal, complications for the mother and baby. Annually, preeclampsia is responsible for about 50,000 total deaths

Preeclampsia is a condition which arises during pregnancy and can lead to serious, even fatal, complications for the mother and baby. Annually, preeclampsia is responsible for about 50,000 total deaths worldwide, and countless other complications for both the mother and fetus. While high blood pressure and protein in the urine are key features, symptoms vary widely, and thus understanding, diagnosing, and treating the condition is of paramount importance. Due to the correlation between preeclampsia and high blood pressure, multiple groups have studied the role of angiogenic growth factors and preeclampsia. We performed an advanced PubMed search to select studies with both preeclampsia and VEGF, a key growth factor for angiogenesis, in the title. The results of examining a total of 65 articles led to the formation of this review article to articulate the studies as a whole and state of the research on VEGF and preeclampsia to date.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-05

Gleam: Connecting Pregnant Women to Motivation

Description

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling question, from which we had to narrow down our scope and conduct primary and secondary research to determine our ideal customers. The design of our study intends to imitate the development of a startup where ideas are created from scratch and the final deliverable is a business model plan that shows some sort of traction. Our first major finding is that a sedentary lifestyle can be treated without major challenges in low-risk pregnancies. We determined that uncertainty and lack of concise and clear information is one of the main causes of an increased level of sedentary behavior in low-risk pregnancies. A significant driver for women to do some sort of activity or exercise stems from feeling supported, which doesn’t necessarily come from their partner or couple, but instead from other women that are going to a similar process as them. There are apps in the market that intend to serve pregnant women; however, there is not one that incorporates a social aspect to achieve their goal. In conclusion, there is opportunity in the market for a socially integrated pregnancy fitness app. The Gleam concept has been consciously developed to decrease sedentary behavior through concise, clear, and reliable information and by encouraging women through a socialization platform.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

Gleam: Connecting Pregnant Women to Motivation

Description

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling question, from which we had to narrow down our scope and conduct primary and secondary research to determine our ideal customers. The design of our study intends to imitate the development of a startup where ideas are created from scratch and the final deliverable is a business model plan that shows some sort of traction. Our first major finding is that a sedentary lifestyle can be treated without major challenges in low risk pregnancies. We determined that uncertainty and lack of concise and clear information is one of the main causes of an increased level of sedentary behavior in low risk pregnancies. A significant driver for women to do some sort of activity or exercise stems from feeling supported, which doesn’t necessarily come from their partner or couple, but instead from other women that are going to a similar process as them. There are apps in the market that intend to serve pregnant women; however, there is not one that incorporates a social aspect to achieve their goal. In conclusion, there is opportunity in the market for a socially integrated pregnancy fitness app. The Gleam concept has been consciously developed to decrease sedentary behavior through concise, clear, and reliable information and by encouraging women through a socialization platform.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05

Gleam: Connecting Pregnant Women to Motivation

Description

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling

The purpose of this study is to create and establish an efficient and cost-effective solution to decrease the effects of sedentarism in pregnant women. Our team was given a propelling question, from which we had to narrow down our scope and conduct primary and secondary research to determine our ideal customers. The design of our study intends to imitate the development of a startup where ideas are created from scratch and the final deliverable is a business model plan that shows some sort of traction. Our first major finding is that a sedentary lifestyle can be treated without major challenges in low risk pregnancies. We determined that uncertainty and lack of concise and clear information is one of the main causes of an increased level of sedentary behavior in low risk pregnancies. A significant driver for women to do some sort of activity or exercise stems from feeling supported, which doesn’t necessarily come from their partner or couple, but instead from other women that are going through a similar process as them. There are apps in the market that intend to serve pregnant women; however, there is not one that incorporates a social aspect to achieve their goal. In conclusion, there is opportunity in the market for a socially integrated pregnancy fitness app. The Gleam concept has been consciously developed to decrease sedentary behavior through concise, clear, and reliable information and by encouraging women through a socialization platform.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2021-05